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Home for ms.betty

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Home for ms.betty

  1. 1. A home for Ms Betty Fighting the evil twins Katrina and Rita A collaboration of SIGUS
  2. 2. What did we do? We explored the context We explored the issues We learned building and local practice, and met families We designed a concept We monitored and learned from the process We designed and built components We make information available to other Ms Bettys And we go on – further research for other Ms Bettys A Home for Ms Betty 2 And Ms Betty is pleasedAnd Ms Betty is pleased – SIGUS
  3. 3. We explored the context A Home for Ms Betty 3 Field Surveys Hurricane effects Current housing Traditional housing Bayou culture –
  4. 4. A Home for Ms Betty 4 We explored the issues A broad-based student team tackled the challenge Core team of Architecture students, all levels Advanced students as technical ‘advisors’ - environment - structural engineering - lifting technology Outside professionals in support - engineering - construction - environment –
  5. 5. We learned building and local practice, and met families A Home for Ms Betty 5– Volunteer Weeks In Louisiana
  6. 6. A Home for Ms Betty 6 Jacob’s house and Don’s house were repaired as we learned –
  7. 7. We designed a concept A Home for Ms Betty 7 Ms Betty + Volunteers + Sustainability Wind Flood Environment Culture Flexibility = Louisiana Lift House Built on ground with volunteers then lifted –
  8. 8. We were very concerned about cultural sensitivity A House for Ms Betty 8 “We don’t want it to be weird” “We want flexibility” BasicUnitModule 24’--0” Ms Betty’s Home 12’-0structuralmodule – Bayou residents –
  9. 9. A Home for Ms Betty 9 We studied and included environmental sustainability elements DURABILITY-STORM WORTHINESS ENERGY AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY FRAMING strapping, clips nailing schedule roof shape roof material framing treatment advanced framing WALL ASSEMBLY exterior rain screen panel siding insulating sheathing INTERIOR flood tolerate gypsum interior trim ceramic tile flooding subfloor alternative flooring MINIMIZE SOLAR house orientation SOLAR GAIN overhangs material color radiant barrier low-E windows shutters plant shading VENTILATION natural ventilation fans INSULATION unfaced insulation AIR FILTRATION chalking CONSTRUCTION WASTE REUSE HVAC SYSTEMS –
  10. 10. A Home for Ms Betty 10 We monitored and learned from the process –
  11. 11. A Home for Ms Betty 11 All construction phases were studied and documented. –
  12. 12. We designed and built components A Home for Ms Betty 12 A Design-Build International Workshop in Louisiana Sweat! Design! Build! • Washing area for volunteer village • Trellis walkway for volunteer village • Replanning of site • Storm Shutter design for Gulf Coast housing Four projects: –
  13. 13. A Home for Ms Betty 13 Wash area with recycled materials Plants for cooling without wind risk We built and ‘in action’ –
  14. 14. A Home for Ms Betty 14 Shade and site planning Affordable storm shutters for the Gulf Coast Site rearranged and walkway gardens planted Adopted by local builders –
  15. 15. We make information available to other Ms Bettys and supporters A Home for Ms Betty 15 “BUILDING UP ON THE BAYOUS” A guide for building on the hurricane Gulf Coast for community groups and homeowners Contents: Getting Started Choosing the House Design Working with Volunteers Managing the Construction Celebration and Reflection Reaching the DIY builders Selected Resources –
  16. 16. A Home for Ms Betty 16 Format designed for dual poster and report use –
  17. 17. And Ms Betty is pleased! From an idea – and sweet beginnings: Building the base Up it goes! Starting framing – Covered A permit – And it begins!A site – Almost there – A Home for Ms Betty 17 And Lift Off! Her home is finished! –
  18. 18. A Home for Ms Betty 18 Many Lift Houses planned - six completed! One is underway We will assist in an outreach program in a ‘see-learn-do’ approach. The evil twins Katrina and Rita have lost? –
  19. 19. And now the Lift House plans are available for all: - tested - proven - affordable - SAFE! A Home for Ms Betty 19– and even Gustav couldn’t stop them…
  20. 20. And we go on – further research for other Ms Bettys Increasing Code Compliance to Upgrade Housing Quality The Program: Preparation of ‘user friendly’ aids to clarify process: Posters, leaflets, multi-media guides Review of process and brainstorm with officials to streamline approach and accessibility: Combine steps. Better user access: location, times, mobile office? Lower fees? A Home for Ms Betty 19
  21. 21. And we go onAnd we go on Outreach to theOutreach to the ‘Little Nicks’‘Little Nicks’ The Informal DIY’ersThe Informal DIY’ers How can we futureHow can we future architects help the vastarchitects help the vast number of people whonumber of people who build by themselves?build by themselves? Most lower income build informally.Most lower income build informally. Recent imposition of building codes, withRecent imposition of building codes, with increased requirements and costs will multiplyincreased requirements and costs will multiply informal building.informal building. 1 - What five things do we tell informal builders1 - What five things do we tell informal builders that must be done to improve survivability ofthat must be done to improve survivability of hurricanes?hurricanes? 2 - How do we reach2 - How do we reach ‘Little Nicks’ - how do we‘Little Nicks’ - how do we communicate?communicate? The research questions:The research questions: It is theIt is the cajun waycajun way - build your own house!- build your own house! A Home for Ms Betty 21–
  22. 22. – And now to think about a Community of Lift Houses… “Villages on the First Floor” “A rethinking of what it means - and what form it would take - when living in a world of Lift Houses” A Home for Ms Betty 22
  23. 23. SIGUS Special Interest Group in Urban Settlement web.mit.edu/sigus rgoethert@mit.edu Massachusetts Institute of Technology School of Architecture and Planning September 2008 Sustainable Housing on the Bayous A TRAC-Oxfam American-SIGUS/MIT collaboration. This project is a part of an initiative to rebuild homes destroyed by Hurricanes Rita and Katrina on the bayous of southern Louisiana, and to protect against future hurricane challenges. A broad range of interventions are considered: rebuilding and repair, outreach and training, and regulatory processes, for the formal and informal construction sectors. www.oxfamamerica.org/gulfcoast www.trac4la.com Oxfam America Terrebonne Readiness and Assistance Coalition

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