3. THE SEVEN LIFE PROCESSES
• there are many different kinds of living
• living plants and animals can carry out
all the seven life processes - feeding,
growing, reproducing, breathing,
excreting, sensing, moving
1. Feeding- eating food.
9. Living and non living
•Living things is something that
have life or breathing, growing
Non- Living things
• Non-living – things that
are not alive for example,
fire, rivers, rocks
non-living things cannot
carry out all of the seven
• some things were living
and are now dead: dead
wood, dry leaves.
15. Practical work
1. growing yeast (in warm water with sugar)
Growth #1 – Sugar and Yeast
2 glass measuring cups, 1-cup capacity each
thermometer (to test water temperature)
warm water (110° to 115°F)
2 packets of Active Dry Yeast (each packet is 1/4
ounce or 2-1/4 tsp) timer
22. Structure of plants
• visible differences between plants: such as size, shape and colour of roots, stems, leaves,
flowers, fruits and seeds pg 14
23. Visible differences between plants
Look at the plants on this page. We can see visible differences, plants can be large
or small, or have different colours and shapes.
Stone plants are
Water lilies round
Acacia trees are
24. Roots have visible differences
Some plants have one thick straight root. Other planets have thin branched
roots. Most roots are brown or white in colour.
Many thin white
25. Flower s have different shape and colours
Flowers have different shapes and colours
Daisy flowers Cliva flowers
26. Fruits and seeds have visible
Flower s become fruits with seeds inside them. Look at these fruits and seeds. They
have different shapes, sizes and colours.
Each Corn kernel is
Tomato fruits have
The pip of an avocado fruit
is the seed.
27. Structure of animals
Basic structure of animals: head, tail, body, limbs, sense organs
1. Identify and describe the parts of an animal
30. Class work
1. Describing the visible differences between at
least three plants
Stone plant Water lily Acacia tree
1. Size of plant- big or small ?
2. Describe the flowers and fruits
3. Describe the leaves
4. Describe the stem
5. Describe the roots.
35. Different habitats
• a habitat is the place where a plant or animal
• there are different kinds of habitats such as
grassland, forest, river, sea
36. Grassland ecosystem
Grasslands have large open spaces with
plenty of sunlight.
They are hot in summer and cold in
They have enough rain for grasses to
grow, but not trees.
Grassland plants are mainly grasses and
Some animals are zebras, rhinos,
giraffes and impalas
Human activities like poaching animals ,
making fires and clearing land for housing
and farming, all threaten the survival of
37. Forest ecosystem
Forest ecosystems are shady and
cool, with little bright sunlight.
They have plenty of water and
can be damp.
Forest ecosystem has many
different trees. Other plants, such as
ferns, mosses and small flowering
plants , grow in forests.
Animals, such as buck, wildcats,
mice, snackers, birds and insects,
live in forests. Threats to forest
ecosystems are chopping down
trees for timber and clearing ground
for road a and farming.
38. River ecosystem
Rivers are freshwater systems that
flow through land and end at the sea.
Rivers usually have bright sunlight,
but can have shady banks.
The temperature of river ecosystems
can be warm or cold, depending on
where the river is.
Plants in river ecosystem include
pondweed and reeds in the water, small
plants and trees along the banks
Animals found in river ecosystems
include fish, frogs, insects and birds.
39. Sea ecosystem
Animals and plants that live in
the sea ecosystem live in salty
water and most live where they
can get heat and light from the
Fish, turtles, dolphins and
different types of seaweed live
in sea ecosystems
46. Animal shelters
• animal shelters can be natural including nests,
shells, hollow trees, wasp nests or human
made including dog kennels, cages, kraals,
• animal shelters can be shell or frame
structures, can have different shapes and
sizes, and can be made from different
50. Practical task (Project )
1. designing and drawing an animal shelter,
taking into account its:
- shape and size
• evaluating the suitability of the design
51. Check the learner’s knowledge and
that they can:
• sort a selection of living and non-living things
• identify and describe the parts of a plant
• identify and describe the parts of an animal
• grow plants from seeds and measure and
record their growth
• describe different habitats
• design, draw and evaluate an animal shelter