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Barsilia town planning

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town planning of barsilia.

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Barsilia town planning

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION  Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil. Brasilia, the planned city of Brazil. It lies between headwaters of TOCANTINS, PARANA and SAO FRANCISCO rivers. It has a population of 2,562,963),making it the fourth largest city in Brazil. Brasília is the largest city in the world that did not exist at the beginning of the 20th century. The city was planned & developed in 1956 with LUCIO COSTA-- principal urban planner and OSCAR NIEMEYER --principal architect. In 1960 it formally became Brazil’s capital. City’s shape resembles an airplane or a bird. It is listed as world heritage site by UNESCO It is the third capital of Brazil Salvador(1549-1763). Rio de Janeiro(1763-1960)
  2. 2. LOCATION
  3. 3. PURPOSE OF BRASILIA For New Devlopment. To Relieve The Pressure Of Over Population From The Old Capital Rio De Janeiro. To Create A Renewed Sense Of National Pride. A Completely Modern 21st Century City. CLIMATE The Average Temperature Is 20.5 °C Highest Average Maximum Temperature, 28 °C (82 °F). Dry and Humid Season.
  4. 4. HISTORY From 1763 to 1960, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil.  At this time, resources tended to be centered in Brazil's south east region near Rio de Janeiro. But geographically Brasilia is in central location. Dating back to 1891 stated that the capital should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place close to the centre of the country. Plan was originally conceived in 1827 by José Bonifácio, an advisor to Emperor Pedro I. He presented a plan to the General Assembly of Brazil for a new city called Brasília with the idea of moving the capital westward from the heavily populated south eastern corridor.
  5. 5. HISTORY Juscelino Kubitschek , President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961, ordered the construction of Brasília. Lúcio Costa won a contest and was the main urban planner in 1957, with 5550 people competing. Oscar Niemeyer, a close friend, was the chief architect of most public buildings and Roberto Brule Marx was the landscape designer. Brasília was built in 41 months, from 1956 to April 21, 1960, when it was officially inaugurated.
  6. 6. CULTURE Diverse Culture: Portuguese , Africans, Italian, German, Other European, Japanese, Amerindian. Architecture : Cubist ideas , abstract forms, baroque, colonial, modern, combination of skills rather than one. Portuguese legacy: language , religion and law. NOVACAP-
  7. 7. 1stPlace-LucioCosta 2ndPlace-BoruchMilman, JoãoHenriqueRocha and NeyFontes Gonçalves 3rdplace-RinoLevi, RobertoCerqueiraCesar and L. R.CarvalhoFranco 4th place -M.M. M. Roberto Architects
  8. 8. Intended to provide Brasilia with the diginity of a capital city. BRASILIA has two axis crossing at right angle; monumental axis(the fuselage of the plane) intersecting in the centre of the city with a residential axis( the wings of an airplane). To adapt this design to the local topography, the natural drainage of the area, One of the axis war curved in order to make it fit into equilateral triangle. CONCEPT
  9. 9. PLANNING When seen from above, the city’s pilot plan (“Plano Piloto”) resembles the shape of an airplane Others see it as a bird with open wings.
  10. 10. (Costa hated all comparisons). His original urban concept pointed to the shape of a cross, to symbolize possession
  11. 11. Banking and commercial districts fell alongside the intersection of monumental and high way-residential. location of the entertainment centre is along the intersection of the monument and the back axis. Curved Axis Monumental Axis Back Axis Primary Roads
  12. 12. 23 NOTES, presents the solution of Plano Pilato  Form: Two axes crossing (one is curved)--a plane OR bird in flight.  Adapted: local topography, natural drainage, best possible orientation.  Free principles highway engineering: elimination of intersections, the curved axis. Residential districts have been placed along the Curved axis. civic and administrative centre, recreation centre, the municipal administration facilities, the barracks, the storage and supply zones, small local industries sites and the Railway station along the monumental axis SECTOR FUNCTIONS
  13. 13. SECTOR FUNCTIONS-ZONING •Residential •Administrative •Commercial •Entertainment
  14. 14. S U P E R B L O C K S
  15. 15. EXPRESSWAYS HIGHWAYS
  16. 16. TRANSPORTATION INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT HIGH SPEED RAILS METRO
  17. 17. RESIDENTIAL AREAS
  18. 18. CIVIC CENTERS
  19. 19. CIVIC
  20. 20. COMMERCIAL
  21. 21. COSTA’S CONCLUSION •Airplane, Monumental Axis •Four Scales of Design: –Monumental scale(symbolic) –Residential scale(comfortable) –Gregarious scale (social) –Bucolic scale(park city, rustic) •Dignity of a capital city: –Esplanade, where the ministries and public buildings are located –the bus station, where the two axis cross –the Cathedral –the Plaza of Three Powers •SUPERBLOCKS- uniform height of six stories, no high rises, and vast motorways Ample parking, low population density, open green space for people to enjoy.
  22. 22. Plaza of Three Powers House fundamental powers (equilateral triangle):- Government & Supreme court-base of the triangle Congress-at the Apex Church-at the centre given own square. Monumental Axis:-Government and Municipal Plaza evident. BUILDING HIERARCHY
  23. 23. LANDSCAPING Superblocks: surrounded by bands of greenery planted with trees Strips of the Districts :Also planted with greenery Park City: Filled with open areas, such as parks, squares, for flower and vegetable gardens, orchards, Botanic garden Cemetaries : end of residential highway axis. VEHICULAR CIRCULATION  Secondary Roads: controls heavy vehicular traffic Traffic: controlled by roads that would either go on a platform, underground, or under the platform. Clover shaped Turn-offs: circulate in the different districts without creating an intersection. PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION Independent Paths: local pathway systems were created for each district (residential, commercial,administrative districts) Separated from vehicular circulation.
  24. 24. North-South Axis
  25. 25. North-South Axis
  26. 26. Monumental Axis
  27. 27. Commercial Sector
  28. 28. Triangular Square of the Three Powers
  29. 29. Brazilian Congress
  30. 30. Palácio do Planalto
  31. 31. Ministry of External Relations
  32. 32. Ministry of Justice
  33. 33. BIBLOGRAPHY http://www.aboutbrasilia.com/facts/history.php http://www.aboutbrasilia.com/maps/ http://designkultur.wordpress.com/2010/01/18/urban-planning-brasilia-quickfacts/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brasília http://www.slideshare.net/ivanleung/presentation-brasilia http://www.scribd.com/doc/14043752/Bras-Ilia

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