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Diaz Nugrahantio Susila
Nur Miftahul Khoiriah
Suhaelatul Faizah Ahmad
Rinda Wahyu Fambudi
John William Waterhouse , The
Lady of Shalott , 1888
Transition To Romanticism
• The age of revolution
French revolution ( 1790’s), through
the influence his ideas, JJ Rousseau
become one of the most important
men of the last three centuries.
• Neo classicism in England was dying
while romanticism grow stronger and
(±1800 - ± 1850)
• Peak Romantic period it was associated with
liberalism and radicalism, in the long term its
effect on the growth of nationalism was
probably more significant.
• With the outbreak of the French revolution
which is the climax of the growing mix of
objective conditions and the flow of ideas that
existed in Europe at that time the ideals had
become explicit, and in English literature
encouraged the rise of the romantic
movement sober and steady
1760 - 1820
1820 - 1830
1830 - 1837
1837 - 1901
18th century (1800 to 1860) movement
emphasizing emotion and imagination, rather
than logic and scientific thought. Response to
the Enlightenment. This era literary get
The importance of the imagination nature
The use of emotion
Interest in the spiritual or supernatural, etc
Thomas Gray was born in
Cornhill, London in 26
December 1716. He is the son
of an exchange broker and a
Gray began seriously writing
poems in 1742,
(26 December 1716 – 30 July
He was an English poet, letter-writer,
classical scholar and professor at Cambridge
He is widely known for his Elegy Witten in a
Country Churchyard, published in 1751.
Gray died on 30 July 1771 in Cambridge, and
was buried beside his mother in the
churchyard of Stoke Poges, the setting for his
famous Elegy. His grave can still be seen
Burns was born two miles (3 km) south of Ayr, in
Alloway, South Avrshire, Scotland in 25 January
He is regarded as a pioneer of the romantic
movement, and after his death he became a great
source of inspiration to the founders of both
liberalism and socialism, and a cultural icon in
His poem (and song) ”Auld Lang Syne" is often
sung at Hogmanay (the last day of the year), and
“Scot Wha Hae" served for a long time as an
unofficial national anthem of the country.
Other poems and
songs of Burns that
remain well known
across the world today
o A red, red rose
o A man’s a man for a
o To a Louse
o To a mouse
o The battle of
o Tam o’ Shanter
o Ae fond kiss
He was born in Sharpham, 22 April 1707 – near
Lisbon, 8 October 1754.
He had two wives, Charlotte Craddock in 1734
(she died in 1744). In 1747 he married his wife's
former maid, Mary Daniel.
He died in Portugal in 1754 in order to find cure
for his bad health.
He was well-known as a Playwright and Novelist.
Fielding wrote 25 plays in the eight years after
his return to London.
Two famous of his novels: Joseph Andrews
(1742) and The History of Tom Jones, A
The account of the fall and rise of Tom Jones, a
vital but imprudent young man, is essentially a
comic romance, rooted in the tried narrative
conventions of romance and epic, but with an
important difference. Tom is a bastard, 'a
foundling,' with a generous heart but a weak will;
by the standards of the time he is a rather
He appears to have been quite enamored of his
first wife beauty and character and later modeled
the heroine of Tom Jones, Sophia Western.
Miscellanies (1743; satirical prose)
Amelia (1751; his last novel)
Love in Several Masques, (his first play; 1728)
Fielding's second play, The Temple Beau, (1730) was
followed rapidly by three further plays, among them The
Author's Farce, and the Pleasures of the Town and Tragedy
of Tragedies, or the Life and Death of Tom Thumb the
He adapt adapt two works of Molière's to the English stage
to great acclaim, The Mock-Doctor, or The Dumb Lady
Cured and The Miser (1733).
The Historical Register for the Year 1736.
The Life of Jonathan Wild the Great (1737; the third volume
of Miscellanies was the satiric piece The Life of Jonathan
Wild the Great, which has been called one of the finest
examples of sustained irony in English fiction).
True Patriot, and History of Our Own Time
The Jacobite's Journal (1747-1748)
The Covent-Garden Journal (1752)
Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon (1755).
He was the son of an attorney, born on April 7,
He was sent away to be educated at Hawkshead
Grammar School in the Lake District after the
death of his parent.
his debut as a writer in 1787 was a sonnet in The
He went to St. John's College, Cambridge where
he developed radical political views. Influenced
by the ideas of William Godwin, Wordsworth was
an early supporter of the French Revolution.
after the Reign of Terror (September 1793-July
1794), He became disillusioned with radicalism.
he had affair with Annette Vallon, the result of which was
an illegitimate daughter, Ann Caroline.
In 1795, after receiving a legacy, Wordsworth lived with his
In these years he wrote many of his greatest poems and also
travelled with Coleridge and Dorothy, in the winter of
1798-79, to Germany.
He married Mary Hutchinson in 1799/1802.
The next few years were personally difficult for
Wordsworth. Two of his children died, his brother was
drowned at sea and Dorothy suffered a mental breakdown.
He was well-known as a conservative and patriotic poet,
succeeded Robert Southey as poet laureate in 1843.
William Wordsworth died at Rydal Mount, Ambleside on
Wordsworth's most famous poem, 'I Wandered Lonely as a
Cloud' was written at Dove Cottage in 1804.
An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches (1793)
Guilt and Sorrow (a poem)
Letter to the Bishop of Llandaff (1793), a pamphlet that gave support to the
The Borderers (1796; a drama that was reflected of Wordsworth disillusion
Lyrical Ballad (1796; His famous work, it was his collaboration work with
Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
It included Wordsworth's Tintern Abbey and Coleridge's famous poems, the
Ancient Mariner and The Nightingale.
Poems in Two Volumes (1807; including the poems: Ode to Duty about the
death of his brother, Resolution and Independence and Intimations of
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Christabel: Kubla Khan, a
Vision; The Pains of Sleep
Fears in Solitude (1798)
Confessions of an
Inquiring Spirit (1841)
Remorse, A Tragedy, in
Five Acts (1813) , etc
Percy Bysshe Shelley work :
Posthumous Poems of
Shelley: Mary Shelley's
Fair Copy Book, Bodleian
Ms. Shelley Adds (1969)
A Letter to Lord
Ode to the West Wind
To a Skylark, etc
9. John Keats
(31 October 1795 - 23 February 1821)
Close bosom-friend of the
Conspiring with him how to load
With fruit the vines that round
the thatch-eves run;
To bend with apples the moss’d
And fill all fruit with ripeness
to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump
the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set
And still more, later flowers
for the bees,
Until they think warm days
will never cease,
for summer has o’er-brimm’d
their clammy cells…
Although his poems were not generally well
received by critics during his life, his reputation
grew after his death, so that by the end of the
19th century he had become one of the most
beloved of all English poets. He had a significant
influence on a diverse range of poets and
writers. Jorge Luis Borges stated that his first
encounter with Keats was the most significant
literary experience of his life.
The poetry of Keats is characterised by sensual
imagery, most notably in the series of odes.
Today his poems and letters are some of the
most popular and most analysed in English
She walks in beauty,
like the night
Of cloudless climes
and starry skies;
And all that's best of
dark and bright
Meet in her aspect
and her eyes:
Thus mellow'd to that
Which heaven to
gaudy day denies
Lord Byron was born 22 January 1788 in a
house on 24 Holles Street
Byron received his early formal education
at Aberdeen Grammar School, and in August
1799 (11 age)entered the school of
Dr. William Glennie, in Dulwich
1. Aberdeen Grammar School
2. School of Dr. William Glennie, in Dulwich
Walter Scott was a Scottish historical novelist,
playwright, and poet, popular throughout much
of the world in the 19th century.
Literary Work :
His Famous work’s titles include Ivanhoe, Rob
Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of
Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.
His occupation are Historical novelist, Poet,
Advocate, Sheriff-Depute, and Clerk of Session.
1. Royal High School of Edinburgh (1779 _ 8 age)
2. the local grammar school
3. University of Edinburgh (1783 _ 12 age)
She was educated primarily by her father and
older brothers as well as through her own
Literary Work :
Sense and Sensibility (1811),
Pride and Prejudice (1813),
Mansfield Park (1814),
Emma (1816), etc.