This cultural center for the city of Jaipur, is dedicated to the memory of India's great leader Jawaharlal Nehru.
Ideas for the building, sited in an open field near the university in a new part of the city, formed in Correa's
mind; but it was not until 1986 that the concept for the building was finalized.
Jawahar Kala Kendra is an arts and crafts center located in the city of Jaipur. The center is important not because
of the nomenclature but its close association with the city of Jaipur itself. The center was built in the year 1986
and the construction completed in 1991. The center was launched by the state government to provide space to
the cultural and spiritual values of India and display the rich craft heritage. The center is dedicated to the late
prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
The plan was prepared by the noted
architect Charles Correa in 1986 and the
building was ready in 1991. The plan is
inspired by the original city plan of Jaipur,
consisting of nine squares with central
square left open.
The whole complex is itself a unique design &
concept in the architectural industry especially the
concept of nine squares as ‘ Navgrah’.
Each square was linked to the planet as per the
characteristics of the particular planet and its
astrological values and the functionality of the
This Navgrah concept with its energy values their
favorable color, quality and the favorable
functionality to the each planet with square kept in
mind while designing and allocation of spaces.
Partly open courtyards and the traditional design
elements of Rajasthan have been incorporated in
The Jawahar Kala Kendra plan
KETU BUDH CHANDRA
7. PLANNING: FACILITIES:
Print making studio
Open air theatre
The ceiling which depicts animals,
mountains, rivers in a traditional
Indian cosmology, it shows how well
Correa was able to meld the traditional
The central courtyard can be viewed
from all the galleries.
RESPONSE TO CLIMATE:
Material: red stone and white marble.
Vastu symbol on façade of each unit.
Small punctures on wall for ventilation.
Light shafts have step profiles with marble capping.
Light shafts at corner of each unit.
Central courtyard bring in light and air.
Punctures on wall
Circulation and planning: grid iron planning
Density: Specially even, programmatic density
9. SANDARBH I.E. LIBRARY:
The whole complex in itself has a
unique design & concept in the
architectural industry, the concept of
nine squares as ‘ Navgrah’.
Each square was linked to the planet
as per the characteristics of the
particular planet and its astrological
values and the functionality of the
This particular square was linked with
‘Jupiter’ the characteristics were
matched in such a way
Linked planet ‘Jupiter’
Favorable color lemon yellow
Quality of the planet Knowledge
Functionality allotted Library
PART PLAN OF LIBRARY
POND AREA AND PERGOLA
10. PLAY WITH LIGHT AND SHADOW:
The second most significant feature which
was been adopted in this particular square
was the spectacular play with the light and
the shadow. As the the square was
partially open to sky and the particular
side had the full height glazing in it the
partial open roof was treated with the
architectural feature ‘ pergolas’.
The cut out was designed in such a way
that the corridor will always remain in
shade and has the pond in corner which
would reduce the effect of the harsh sun to
USE OF LOCAL MATERIAL:
The spanning between beams was
designed and kept such that the local
material available like wooden bamboo
sticks could be used to complete the
entire space frame.
11. MADHYAVARTI I.E OPEN AIR THEATRE
The theatre was located and
placed so well in layout and
planned that the rest of 8
square were well connected to
the central open theatre and
the best part of it were the
stepped platforms which could
be used as seating areas. The
same were surrounded by the
8m high walls and the design
stepping was incorporated in
the corners of two walls to
make them more interacted to
The stepping and the walls
were cladded with red
sandstone the locally available
material the theater was
opening into the library ,
Vehicular entrance ,gallery and
workshop as shown.
CENTRAL OPEN AIR THEATRE
12. TILAM FOOD COURT
The food court has been
the excellent example of
the traditional rural
architecture of Rajasthan.
The structure has been
made in brick masonry
then later finished with the
mud and the roof has
been framed in MS
circular pipes and then
covered with fibre sheet
both framework in MS and
fibre sheet have been
finished with the local
putty to give it a rural
The art work on walls,
planning and the sitting
arrangement on floor
‘baithak‘ was designed to
set an excellent example
of our rural and cultural
ethics in India
13. Adjoining the main
building of Jawahar Kala
Kendra is a Shilpgram- a
rural complex with six
huts symbolizing the
rural ambience of
various regions of
These are Braj,
desert land and hadoi
from the districts namely
Durgapur, Barmer, Sikar
Apart from routine
based art- culture
oriented activities a
mega annual festival
named ‘LOKRANG’ is
held in the month of
Response to program: a volumetric module
which is very well defined.
Response to context: going with tradition.
Hircrachy: well defined, based on program
Community space: mixture of formal and
Scale of unit relatable to human as it does
not overpower us and also make ground
spaces fell larger.
The critical sustainable aspect of the
traditional architecture of Jaipur has not
The place has an amazing interplay of light,
shadow and colors, evoking emotions in
the user and invite him to move further.
The open air theatre is only good to look
at, it is enclosed by the high walls which
create acoustic and ventilation problems at
the time of crowd.