• Started as a rebellion against Abstract
• All about making images into works Americans
could identify with
• Roots in Dadaism
• British pop art was less critical, expressing a
more romantic view of the subject matter
Different from previous art
Abstract Expressionism Pop Art
• Emotion • Representational
• Considered “high art” • Relatable
• Subject was the • Subjects were objects from
unconscious and thus life, events, culture
subjective in nature • Ironic and mocking
• Serious • Mimics mechanical means
• Dynamic gestures, elements of production
of chance • Originally rejected and
• Accepted by the “academy” heavily criticized
• Mid 50’s and throughout the 60’s
• World War ll had just ended
• Cold War and then the Vietnam War
• Economic boom led to mass consumerism
• Television became a part of every home
• “Keeping up with the Jones’”
• America became covered with chain and fast
Where does Capitalism fit in?
Glamour Dark side
• Stars • Poverty
• Commodities • Violence
• The “American Dream” • War
• Silk-screen printing- consists of mechanical
repetition of images while reducing them to
its essential outlines
• Impasto-Building up thick layers of paint
• Airbrushing-To make photo-like paintings
• Dot painting-Created Benday dots using a
metal stencil and carefully painting through
the regularly spaced holes of the Benday
screen onto the canvas.
• Used comic books, cartoons and
advertisements for inspiration
• Mostly primary color palette
• Dark lines and hard edges
• Benday dots
• Large Scale
• Admired and influenced by Pablo Picasso, Paul
Cezanne and Paul Klee
• “Paintings look more like real life if they are
composed from the elements of real life”.
• Hybrid between painting and sculpture=
• Sculptures vs. paintings
• Messy style
• He went through different styles of art.
• He mostly created sculptures. He took a ordinary
object and change its context.
• He wanted the viewer to stop and think about
• He wanted his art to relate to the real world.
• He was strongly influenced by Sigmund Freud.
• The materials for soft sculptures: paper, canvas
plaster and chicken wire, then later on vinyl,
Formica, and Plexiglas.