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Virtualizationonibmbladecenter 1225792256455769-8

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Virtualizationonibmbladecenter 1225792256455769-8

  1. 1. Virtualization on IBM Blade Center (N°14) Michael GOMEZ Senior Storage Business Development Manager Erik BUSSINK Senior Virtualization & Security Consultant September 2nd, 2008©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 1
  3. 3. WHAT IS CONSOLIDATION ? “[Consolidation is] an approach to the  Reduce Server Count efficient usage of server resources in order to reduce the total number of  Increase Datacenter servers, increase datacenter density, density optimize connectivity, reduce energy and  Optimize connectivity TCO”  Reduce TCO IBM BladeCenters are the most efficient way to server consolidation  Green savings  Higher density and server count per U  Integrated network backplane  Green technology at best TCO©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 3
  4. 4. WHAT IS VIRTUALIZATION ?  Virtualization started “[Virtualization is] a technique for hiding in 1960s by IBM… the physical characteristics of computing resources from the way in which other  Virtual Memory systems, applications, or end users  VLAN, trunk, VPN  RAID, volume interact with those resources” manager  Storage virtualization In other words: Simplify Complexity  Emulation For computing, virtualization can be grouped in  Native virtualization two types:  Paravirtualization  Application • Resource virtualization (Storage, Network, etc.) virtualization • Platform virtualization (Hypervisor)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 4
  5. 5. CONSOLIDATION ? VIRTUALIZATION ? Consolidation • Higher Density • Better connectivity • Green savings Consolidation & Virtualization • Management flexibility • Higher Density • Better connectivity Virtualization • Green savings • Simplified complexity • Management flexibility • Resource pooling • Simplified complexity • Faster deployments • Resource Poolings • Skyrocket system utilization • Faster Deployments • Easy high availability • Skyrocket system utilization • Easy high availability • Simple Management • And even more….©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 5
  6. 6. x86 Technology Directions Current 2008-2010 • Virtualization Growing • Virtualization Widespread • 2/4-Core Processors • 4/6/8/16-Core Processors • Powerful Blades & X4 • Powerful Blades & eX4 • SAS/Solid State Disk • Solid State Disk • Blade Boot from SAN/iSCSI 50% • Blade Boot from SAN/iSCSI 80% • iSCSI deployed • iSCSI over 10G • Storage Virtualization • Storage Virtualization • 1Gb/10Gb Ethernet • 10Gb Ethernet • 4GB SAN • 8/12GB SAN • Virtual I/O – Testing • Virtual I/O – Production • 4x DDR InfiniBand • 4x QDR InfiniBand©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 6
  7. 7. IBM BladeCenter – Multiple choice©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 7
  8. 8. IBM Blade – Virtualization made Easy©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 8
  9. 9. LS22/42 – New Quad-Core AMD Blade©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 9
  10. 10. Blade Storage Evolution & Best Practice©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 10
  11. 11. Solid State – Reliable and Robust Local Storage©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 11
  12. 12. MANAGEMENT IBM Virtualization Manager (IBM Director)  Easy Management • Management of both physical and virtual environment  Heterogeneous from one single console environment • Discover and visualize resources and relationships  One stop monitoring • Show health and tasks from all resources and relationships • Define and monitor health, drill down on problems quickly to find root cause • Increase virtual server’s memory, storage, processing, networking capabilities • Support of VMware, Xen, Microsoft, and others©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 12
  13. 13. TO BLADE OR NOT TO BLADE ? No easy answer: be smart ! Success of virtualization is all about sizing To Blade Not To Blade (3850M2 / 3950M2) • Total infrastructure consolidation • High-end virtualization • Best when concerned about • Best when hosting multiple high aggregation performance VMs • Choose when OS image requires • Choose when OS image requires < 8Gb RAM per system > 8Gb RAM per system • Choose when low power heat is a • Truly scalable perfectly balanced priority memory cores and I/O©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 13
  14. 14. IBM BladeCenter & Hypervisors  Hypervisors • VMware ESX  BareMetal • Xen Family • Citrix XenServer  Operating System • SUN xVM • Virtual Iron • Oracle VM  Paravirtualization • Red Hat Enterprise Linux • Novell SuSE • Microsoft Hyper-V • Solaris Containers & Virtual Box • KVM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 14
  15. 15. Evolution of Virtualization©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 15
  16. 16. Evolution of the Virtual Datacenter©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 16
  17. 17. VMware Catalog©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 17
  18. 18. VMware ESXi Compact, 32MB footprint Only architecture with no reliance on a general purpose OS Integration in hardware eliminates installation Intuitive wizard driven start up experience dramatically reduces deployment time Standards-based management of the underlying hardware Server boot to running virtual machines in minutes Simplified management Increased security and reliability©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 18
  19. 19. VMotion Hosts must have compatible CPUs and be on the same network subnet Hot VM migrations are confined to hosts within the same Datastore1 datacenter Virtual disk is not moved • Hot Migration (VMotion) – Moving a VM that is powered on from one host to another – Does not move virtual disk(s) – Requires VMotion license©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 19
  20. 20. Storage VMotion • Storage independent migration of virtual machine disks – Zero downtime to virtual machines – LUN independent – Supported for Fibre channel SANs Minimizes planned downtime due to storage Complete planned downtime management solution across servers and storage with VMotion and Storage VMotion©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 20
  21. 21. DRS • VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS), continuously monitors utilization across resource pools and intelligently aligns resources with business needs.©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 21
  22. 22. High Availability (HA) • VMware HA allows organizations to minimize downtime and service disruption while eliminating the need for dedicated, stand-by hardware/software. VMware HA also allows organizations to eliminate the need for a devoted administrator to bring back the machines online.©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 22
  23. 23. VMware Update Manager • Automates patch management for ESX Server hosts and select Microsoft and RHEL virtual machines • Scans and remedies online as well as OFFLINE offline virtual machines* and online ESX Server hosts • Snapshots virtual machines prior to patching and allows rollback to snapshot Eliminates manual tracking of patch levels of ESX Server hosts and Update virtual machines Manager Automates enforcement of patch standards Reduces risk through snapshots and offline virtual machine patching©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 23
  24. 24. ESX Server Patching with Update Manager and DRSUpdate Manager server • Update Manager patches entire DRS clusters – Each host in the cluster enters DRS maintenance mode, one at a time – VMs are migrated off, host is patched & rebooted if required – VMs are migrated back on – Next host is selected VMotion VMotion Automates patching of large number of hosts with zero downtime to virtual machines©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 24
  25. 25. Distributed Power Management (DPM) Consolidates workloads onto Business Demand fewer servers when the cluster needs fewer resources Places unneeded servers in standby mode Brings servers back online as workload needs increase Power Off Minimizes power consumption while guaranteeing service levels Resource Pool No disruption or downtime to virtual machines©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 25
  26. 26. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) Clients VMware Centralized Virtual Enterprise-class, scalable connection VDM Desktops broker Central administration and policy enforcement Automatic desktop provisioning with optional “smart pooling” Desktop persistence and secure tunneling options Microsoft AD integration and optional 2-factor authentication via RSA SecurID® End-to-end enterprise-class desktop control and manageability Familiar end user experience Tightly integrated with VMware’s proven virtualization platform (VI3) Scalability, security and availability suitable for organizations of all sizes©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 26
  27. 27. VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) • Simplifies and automates disaster recovery workflows: – Setup, testing, failover, failback • Provides central management of recovery plans from VirtualCenter • Turns manual recovery processes into automated recovery plans • Simplifies integration with 3rd- party storage replication Makes disaster recovery rapid, reliable, manageable, affordable©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 27
  28. 28. VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) Production Disaster Recovery Site Site VirtualCenter Recovery Site Recovery Recovery VirtualCenter Manager Manager Virtual Machines Manager Virtual Machines Protected virtual machines VMware Infrastructure VMware Infrastructure Servers Servers Storage Storage Storage Replication©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 28
  29. 29. VMware VI3.5 on IBM BladeCenter Architecture Design  Schema  Blade Type  BladeCenter Connectivity  Network Configuration  SAN Connectivity  Boot on SAN  Best practices  Gotcha’s©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 29
  30. 30. VMware ESX 3.5.0 on Blade HS21XM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 30
  31. 31. VMware ESXi 3.5.0 on Blade HS21XM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 31
  32. 32. VMware ESXi 3.5.0 on Blade HS21XM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 32
  33. 33. VMware ESXi 3.5.0 on Blade HS21XM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 33
  34. 34. Virtual Center 2.5©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 34
  35. 35. Virtual Center 2.5 & DPM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 35
  36. 36. Case Study – Large scale VI 3.5 Deployment • Two Datacenter configuration • Support for Redundant Core Network • VM High-Availability • Leverage existing SAN Storage • Boot from SAN for VMware ESX servers • Support for DMZ Network©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 36
  37. 37. BladeCenter Configuration • 2x BladeCenter H • 12x HS21XM Blade©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 37
  38. 38. BladeCenter I/O Connectivity • BladeCenter H • 2x AMM • 5x Cisco Gigabit Switches • 2x Brocade 4Gb Fiber Switches©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 38
  39. 39. Blade Interconnect used in HS21 XM©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 39
  40. 40. • Blade HS21XM • 2x Xeon Processor • 32Gb Memory • 2x Onboard GbE • CFF-V Expansion Card  2x GbE • CFF-H Expansion Card  2x 4GB FC  2x GbE©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 40
  41. 41. • Network Configuration©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 41
  42. 42. VMmware VirtualCenter • 2x BladeCenter H • 12x HS21XM Blade • 10x Cisco Gigabit Switches • 4x Brocade 4Gb Fiber Switches • 48 Cores / 24 CPU • 128 GHz CPU • 384 GB Memory©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 42
  43. 43. VMware VI 3.5 on IBM BladeCenter Network considerations  Réseau de management  Gestion de la DMZ  Intégration au LAN  Connectique SAN (FC, IP)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 43
  44. 44. VMware VI 3.5 on IBM BladeCenter High Availability  Blade Sparing (IBM Director & Open Fabric)  Redundant platform and architecture  VMware Clustering among Blades & Chassis  VMware Site Recovery Manager©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 44
  45. 45. Q&A©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 45
  46. 46. CFF Expansion Card Placement in Blade Servers©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 46
  47. 47. Blade Interconnect (Example 1)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 47
  48. 48. Blade Interconnect (Example 2)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 48
  49. 49. Blade Interconnect (Example 3)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 49
  50. 50. Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel VT)©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 50
  51. 51. Technology : I/O Scaling Challenges©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 51
  52. 52. Constructors Addressing I/O Scalability©2008 LANexpert SA www.lanexpert.ch Slide 52