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Social class and values in the Victorian Era

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Social class and values in the Victorian Era

  1. 1. THE VICTORIAN ERAvalues and social class system
  2. 2. Queen Victoria
  3. 3. • 1838: crowned Queen when eighteen years old• succeeded William IV• but until birth of first daughter in 1840 Ernest August I of Hannover was king
  4. 4. • married prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when 20 years old
  5. 5. • gave birth to nine children• arranged the marriages of children and grandchildren „the grandmother of Europe‟
  6. 6. • mourned very long for husband → pro-republic movement gained popularity• golden and diamond jubilees
  7. 7. • lived frugal and prudish life - compensate for her uncle‟s lifestyle - raised following the Kensington system→ “Victorian” = like Victoria did
  8. 8. Victorian values
  9. 9. • not talking about sex• punishing crime severely• living by strict social rules→ only for one group of society
  10. 10. • beach - special cubicles to change and put on bathing suit - separate beach for men and women
  11. 11. • very rude to show arms and legs• Queen Victoria collected male nudes
  12. 12. • emotions and sexual feelings: in the „language of flowers‟• explicit erotica in personal letters and even newspapers
  13. 13. • sex before marriage = taboo - many pregnant brides - limited physical contact with fiancé• prostitution flourished
  14. 14. • supposed to keep the whole household running• unmarried women: socializing in spare time• worst thing: death of father or husband → poor women: factory work, governess or prostitution → rich women: no inheritance
  15. 15. • supposed to be raised very strictly• had to work long shifts and do dirty jobs → Oliver Twist• less important persons
  16. 16. Social class system
  17. 17. • wealthy families at court• no need to work: inherited fortune• best education• Royal Class
  18. 18. • largest class• benefitted the most from Industrial Revolution• Upper Middle Class and Lower Middle Class
  19. 19. • Upper Working Class = skilled labour• Lower Working Class = unskilled labour• hostile to other classes• affected the worst by immigration
  20. 20. • the “sunken people”• homeless, unskilled and ill
  21. 21. “We are notamused”