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Introduction Transport problems in Indian cities Causes Comparative analysis of four metropolitan cities Case study- Pune , Bangalore Conclusion
As India is becoming urbanized, urban areas play a critical role in sustaining economic growth. City efficiency largely depends upon the effectiveness of its transport systems Poor transport systems stifle economic growth and development Thus , transport is backbone of country’s development. Means of transportation in city – private owned vehicles, government owned vehicles and intermediate vehicle services.
Motorized trips demand will continue to grow faster than the population due to economic and motorization growth motorization is growing faster than the population (more than 10%/year for sale of cars and 2/3 wheelers over the past 5 years) Traffic congestion and parking difficulties- Accessing jobs, education, recreation and similar activities is becoming increasingly time consuming. Billions of man hours are lost with people “stuck in traffic”.
Increased fuel consumption Increasing levels of noise and air pollution cost of travel Safety issues
Increasing urban population addition to routine urban transportation, and contributing substantially to the congestion, are networks of auto-rickshaws and two-wheelers, as well as bullock carts and hand-pulled rickshaws There has been a staggering 100 fold increase in the population of motorized vehicles, however, the expansion in the road network has not been commensurate with this increase Use of Low quality fuels Quality of roads
(Kolkata) has a density of 814.80 vehicles, the highest among per km road length as compared to 766.31 for Mumbai, followed by 616.58 Chennai and 170 Delhi. But in terms of vehicle population Delhi topped the list of metros with 44 lakh, followed by 16.44 lakh in Chennai, 14 lakh in Mumbai and 11.44 lakh in Kolkata. On the other hand, Kolkata has the minimum road length among all the metros with 1,404 km, followed by 1,800 km in Chennai, 1,900 km in Mumbai and 25,948 km in Delhi
Delhi has highest registered vehicles followed by Chennai , Mumbai and Kolkata. Kolkatas vehicular traffic is very much in the fast lane despite the metropolis having the highest density of vehicles per kilometre among all metros. One of the prime concerns in traffic management was slow-moving vehicles.
The city once called the “cycle-city” is now commonly referred to as a “motor-cycle city” The traffic problem in city like Pune is increasing with every passing day. The fatality rate is one person a day or 10 to 15 a week which is very high. Bad condition of city roads Encroachment on footpaths that contributes in poor discipline in pedestrians who are forced to use roads to walk Auto drivers are the curse in the city as they dominate the roads and take dangerous cuts to go ahead and risks the lives of their passengers
Absence of functional hierarchy of road network results into mixing up of local and regional traffic There is a lack of adequate public transport. Existing service standards are poor. The bus fleet is old. Public transport accounts for only 15 percent of the vehicle kilometres travelled in the city. Growing private vehicles are leading to congestion. There is a lack of civic sense towards traffic Various bottle necks at junctions
Bangalore is amongst fastest growing cities in Asia Bangalore has 37.9 lakh registered vehicles Absence of Mass Transit System Existing public transport system is over crowded during peak hours There is substantial increase in average household income. This has led to high private vehicle ownership
Two-Wheelers accounts for 75% of all motorized vehicles Congestion, high traffic density, slow speeds, delays, high travel cost are due to high vehicle ownership Ever increasing vehicular growth is making the situation worse Inadequate transportation infrastructure . Existing infrastructure can’t cope with the increasing demand
Transport demand in most of the Indian cities has increased substantially due to increase in population as a result of both natural increase and migration from rural areas and smaller towns. Availability of motorized transport, increase in household income, and increase in commercial and industrial activities has further added to it. Unfortunately, public transport systems in Indian cities have not been able to keep pace with the rapid and substantial increase in travel demand. Rail based public transport services and well-organized bus transport services are limited to few big cities only. Qualitatively, the available public transport services are overcrowded particularly during peak hours and involve long waiting periods. As a result, there is a massive shift towards personalized transport, specially cars and two-wheelers, and also proliferation of various types of intermediate public transport modes, such as auto-rickshaws and taxis.