O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×

NCFE Experiences and Basic Financial Education

Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Anúncio
Carregando em…3
×

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 29 Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Diapositivos para si (20)

Semelhante a NCFE Experiences and Basic Financial Education (20)

Anúncio

Mais de National Centre for Financial Education (20)

Mais recentes (20)

Anúncio

NCFE Experiences and Basic Financial Education

  1. 1. Financial literacy Importance of financial literacy, Global and Indian scenario and Core concepts to improve your financial skills 1 8
  2. 2. “ Financial literacy, and education, plays a crucial role in financial inclusion, inclusive growth and sustainable prosperity. Shri Pranab Mukherjee, Hon’ble President of India and then Hon’ble Union Finance Minister, during RBI‐ OECD Workshop on Delivering Financial Literacy, March 2010 9
  3. 3. Our Perspective Why financial literacy? 1. Participation of low income groups in the formal financial system 2. Increased life expectancy and withering joint family system 3. Shift in pension from defined benefit to defined contribution 4. Increase in number and complexity of financial products 5. Shifting from cash disbursement to DBT of social security schemes. 10 What is financial literacy? A combination of awareness, knowledge, skill, attitude and behavior necessary to make sound financial decisions and ultimately achieve individual financial wellbeing.
  4. 4. Misconceptions about money 1. A rupee in hand is two in the account. 2. Money is meant for spending. 3. We are not going to take money with us after death. 4. Don’t have enough income to save. 5. Insurance is an investment and Term policy is a waste. 6. Why bother about pension when my children are doing well. 7. Banks ask too many question and will not approve my loan. 8. Stock market is too complex for common people to make investment. 9. Don’t have enough time to make a plan and invest. 11
  5. 5. Financial Literacy Financial Inclusion Financial Freedom 12
  6. 6. Core Concepts 1. Saving and Investment 2. Three Pillars of Investment 3. Impact of Inflation 4. Need vs Want 5. Time value of money 6. Power of compounding 7. Price of procrastination 8. Rule of 72 9. Risk vs Return 10. Diversification Financial Literacy 13
  7. 7. “ Don’t save what is left after spending, but spend what is left after saving. 14
  8. 8. Video: Saving & Investment 11 15
  9. 9. ◉Saving is putting aside current earnings ◉Investment is putting your money to grow ◉Both are not the same ◉Saving is a pre-requisite to investment Saving and Investment 16
  10. 10. ◉ Saving is not done once; save regularly ◉ Spend less to save more; record your expenses ◉ Pay yourself first; make a budget ◉ Save to avoid debt; save for emergency & special events ◉ Choose where to save; keep your savings safe ◉ Set savings goals; start saving now ◉ Encourage children to save; value of money ◉ Make saving easier; set auto tranfer to/from account Useful tips on Saving 17
  11. 11. Pay Yourself First 18
  12. 12. Three Pillars of Investment GrowthSafety Liquidity 19
  13. 13. “ Inflation is as violent as a mugger, as frightening as an armed robber and as deadly as a hit man. 20
  14. 14. Impact of inflation Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Consumer Price Index 10.90 12.00 8.90 9.30 10.90 6.60 4.90 4.94 Interest Rate 7.50 8.75 9.25 9.00 9.10 8.75 7.50 6.90 CPI Source: International Monetary Fund Database Interest Rate Source: RBI, 3-5 Year Term Deposit Rate 21
  15. 15. Video: Nominal vs Real 12 22
  16. 16. ◉ Nominal rate is reported or stated ◉ What you see is not necessarily what you get ◉ Nominal rate does not take inflation into account ◉ Real rate is (Nominal rate – Inflation) ◉ An investor must look at real rate of return Nominal vs Real return 23
  17. 17. “ Key to building wealth relies heavily upon knowing the difference between needs and wants. 24
  18. 18. Video: Need vs Want 13 25
  19. 19. ◉ Identify things your don’t need (track your sepnding) ◉ Before buying ask yourself if you need it ◉ Delay your wants until you can afford them Need vs Want 26
  20. 20. Need vs Want Matrix URGENT IMPORTANT URGENT NOT IMPORTANT NOT URGENT IMPORTANT NOT URGENT NOT IMPORTANT Buy now Plan to buy later Do not buyBuy if you can afford 27
  21. 21. Time Value of Money What Why How A rupee today is worth more than a rupee tomorrow Inflation, Uncertainty and Opportunity cost Present and Future Value are linked by a formula PV = FV / (1+Discount rate) ^ Time period 28
  22. 22. “ Compound interest is the eighth wonder of the world. Those who understand it, earn it; those who don’t, pay it. 29
  23. 23. Power of Compounding ◉ Principal amount Rs. 1,00,000/- ◉ Interest @10% per annum ◉ It works best in long-term 30
  24. 24. Video: Price of Procrastination 14 31
  25. 25. ◉ Delay in investing because your income is too low is a fallacy ◉ Small amount of investment is more than made up by longer time period ◉ Magic of compounding ensures that small sum grows into a bigger amount over long term Price of Procrastination 32
  26. 26. Delay in Investing can be Costly ◉ If you invest Rs. 5000/- per month ◉ At 12% annual return ◉ Your corpus after 30 years 1.77 cr IF YOU START NOW 1.22 cr IF YOU DELAY 3 YRS 95 lakh IF YOU DELAY 5 YRS 50 lakh IF YOU DELAY 10 YRS 55 lakh 82 lakh 1.27 cr CORPUS IS SMALLER BY 33
  27. 27. Rule of 72 How many years it takes for money to double? 72 Rate of Interest Number of Years 9 Years For Example: 72 8% / = / = 34
  28. 28. Risk vs Return Risk and return relationship is a tradeoff. No such thing as risk free investment. Risk can not be eliminated, but managed. Manage your risk through diversification 35
  29. 29. ◉ Don’t put all eggs in one basket ◉ Diversification is allocating investment in various financial instruments ◉ Goal is to find an appropriate balance between risk and return ◉ Systematic risk like inflation, exchange rate, political instability etc. are not diversifiable Diversification 36

×