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Humanism in
Literary Theory
Z. Nasrollahi
Against divinity and
supernatural power
Human mind as a supreme
power and center of being
Humanism
Reason over Emotion
Reason the carrier of culture
Static form of reality
Art could never be true
Plato
Objects are copies ...
ARISTOTLE
Form through concrete instances
Pleasure another type of truth
Putting nature in a medium
Ever-changing world
Fo...
HORACE
Sweet and Useful
Purpose of
literature
DidacticPleasure
Poet should imitate
nature and authors
Sir Philip Sidney
Instruction
Pleasure
Art
Providing enjoyment
while
Teaching
Sir Francis Bacon
Poetry presents a better world
History, fact and reason tied to
human experiences
Imagination presents a...
Joseph Addison
How literary work affects the reader
Aesthetic effect
Pleasure in Imagination
Secondary Pleasure
Experience...
Edmund Burke
Human knowledge comes from sensory
experiences
Imagination:
Present images of nature
Combine images
Art is a ...
Samuel Johnson
Assessment of fiction based on moral effects
Good art: good message
Bad art: bad message
Novelist must choo...
Sir Joshua Reynolds
Eternal nature of Things
The purpose of criticism finding
beauties and faults
Sensibility is a collect...
William Wordsworth
A poet is a man speaking to man
Language of common speech
Nature is better than culture
Feeling is the ...
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Art values unity of subject and object
Elevates the artist to the status of a
god
Poetry is free f...
John Keats
Poetry and science are
oppositional
Negative capability in poet
Edgar Allan Poe
Producing an intense emotional response
in the reader
Poem should be short
Didactics is rejected
Mathew Arnolds
the goal of criticism is "to see
the object as in itself it really
is"
Make judgment about the quality of
l...
Thank You
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Humanism in Literary Theory

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Humanism in Literary Theory

  1. 1. Humanism in Literary Theory Z. Nasrollahi
  2. 2. Against divinity and supernatural power Human mind as a supreme power and center of being Humanism
  3. 3. Reason over Emotion Reason the carrier of culture Static form of reality Art could never be true Plato Objects are copies of forms in ideal realm Art is copying from a copy Art threatens social order
  4. 4. ARISTOTLE Form through concrete instances Pleasure another type of truth Putting nature in a medium Ever-changing world Form Classify and catalog What a work is Art is positive social forces Formal criticism
  5. 5. HORACE Sweet and Useful Purpose of literature DidacticPleasure Poet should imitate nature and authors
  6. 6. Sir Philip Sidney Instruction Pleasure Art Providing enjoyment while Teaching
  7. 7. Sir Francis Bacon Poetry presents a better world History, fact and reason tied to human experiences Imagination presents a feigned history
  8. 8. Joseph Addison How literary work affects the reader Aesthetic effect Pleasure in Imagination Secondary Pleasure Experience of Ideas Primary pleasure Experience of objects Art completes nature
  9. 9. Edmund Burke Human knowledge comes from sensory experiences Imagination: Present images of nature Combine images Art is a kind of REcreation Assessment of art based on Taste
  10. 10. Samuel Johnson Assessment of fiction based on moral effects Good art: good message Bad art: bad message Novelist must choose noble subjects and positive morals Any critic and writer must have the knowledge of Classical literary tradition
  11. 11. Sir Joshua Reynolds Eternal nature of Things The purpose of criticism finding beauties and faults Sensibility is a collection of experiences Imitation is the lowest style of art
  12. 12. William Wordsworth A poet is a man speaking to man Language of common speech Nature is better than culture Feeling is the central element in poem
  13. 13. Samuel Taylor Coleridge Art values unity of subject and object Elevates the artist to the status of a god Poetry is free from imitative rules
  14. 14. John Keats Poetry and science are oppositional Negative capability in poet
  15. 15. Edgar Allan Poe Producing an intense emotional response in the reader Poem should be short Didactics is rejected
  16. 16. Mathew Arnolds the goal of criticism is "to see the object as in itself it really is" Make judgment about the quality of literature itself
  17. 17. Thank You

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