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Community Based Adaptation as a Pillar
of National Adaptation Efforts
BANGLADESH CENTRE FOR ADVANCED STUDIES
House 10, Roa...
Overview of the Presentation
• What is CBA?
•Development and Climate
Interface
•Origin of CBA Approaches
•Key Outcomes of ...
People’s Vulnerability & growing
Adaptation Needs
• Climate Change is here and now with severe
impacts on
– Ecosystems and...
Where is Climate Change
impacting the Most?
• Human beings at Community level
• Enterprises and Economic Activities
• Ecos...
Growing Human Insecurities in the Climate
Changed World
• Often Human Securities are defined in terms
of Strategic and Mil...
People’s Vulnerability & Adaptation
Needs
• Communities across the
world are facing impacts
and are adapting to CC
• Few a...
What is CBA?
• Climate change is global, but impacts are local
• Adaptation must take into consideration local
contexts, n...
What is CBA….
• CBA must be community led
• Communities are empowered to
analyze the causes and effects of
climate change ...
How do We promote CBA?
• Assess the local socio-economic contexts and
their interface with climate change and
disasters- l...
How do We promote CBA?
• Integration of scientific knowledge
with local knowledge and held
raise the voice of the poor and...
The Challenges Ahead
• Scaling up CBA
• Supporting innovation,
initiative and enterprise
• Greater scientific
understandin...
CBA & EbA: Challenges of Integration
• Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) is an emerging
approach in the adaptation science ...
The Challenges Ahead
• Guideline for integration of CBA
& EbA into local and national
Sustainable Development
Policies and...
Adaptation is Happening
Examples of Vulnerability and Responses
to Sea Level Rise, Livelihoods,
Agriculture and Water
HomesteadGardenonRaised
Plinth
Raised Plinth of
Toilet
Raising Plinth
Livestock During Flood
Preservation of Household
Assets Over False Ceiling
Storage of Food during Flood
Storage of Safe Drinking
Water & Dry Food
Community based rain
water harvesting
Household based rain
water harvesting
Floating Garden
During Flood
Locally Known as
Baira Cultivation
Raised Tube Well
Store Extra Furnace
Protecting from
Erosion
Protecting Income
Generating Activity
Water Collection in Hilly Region
Community People Using the
Water of Re-excavated Pond
Pond Sand Filter
Household Based Rain Water
Harvesting in Drought Prone Area
Drip Irrigation
Household Based Irrigation
Farming
Crab Farming in Saline Water
Saline Tolerant Rice
Chickpeas in Drought Area
Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
Seed storage system/seed bank
Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
Adjustment in Cropping pattern Hanging Nursery
Making Soil heap
Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
A Greenhouse in Pakistan
Examples in Agriculture :
Nigeria
Examples in Agriculture:
Morocco
Examples in Agriculture :
Senegal
Examples in Agriculture:
India
Example in Agriculture:
Australia
Examples in Agriculture
Farming in Brazil
Intensive Potato Farming in Canada
Examples in Agriculture
Farming in New Zealand
Examples in Agriculture
Farming in Philippines
Examples in Agriculture
BANGLADESH CENTRE FOR ADVANCED STUDIES
House 10, Road 16A, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
Tel: (88-02) 8818124-7, 98512...
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Community Based Adaptation as a Pillar of National Adaptation Efforts

Presented by: Atiq Rahman

7.2 Approaches / adaptation solutions (1/2)

The section will provide best practices regarding various adaptation approaches or solutions at various scales based on latest science. Examples to be featured include ecosystem-based approaches, community based adaptation, responses to heat waves and ways to deal with shifting growing seasons in agriculture. The session will also feature practical experiences from countries in addressing issues at multiple scales. This is the first of two sessions on this topic. The second is under session 8.1.

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Community Based Adaptation as a Pillar of National Adaptation Efforts

  1. 1. Community Based Adaptation as a Pillar of National Adaptation Efforts BANGLADESH CENTRE FOR ADVANCED STUDIES House 10, Road 16A, Gulshan 1, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh Phone: 8818214-7, 9851234, 9852904; Fax: 9851417 Website: www.bcas.net Dr. A. Atiq Rahman Executive Director: Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS) Chairman: Climate Action Network – South Asia (CANSA) Visiting Professor: Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy , Tufts University and Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA UNFCCC NAP Expo: Advancing National Adaptation Plans post-Paris Bonn, Germany Date: 11-15 July 2016
  2. 2. Overview of the Presentation • What is CBA? •Development and Climate Interface •Origin of CBA Approaches •Key Outcomes of CBA •CBA & EbA: Challenges
  3. 3. People’s Vulnerability & growing Adaptation Needs • Climate Change is here and now with severe impacts on – Ecosystems and – Human systems • Mitigation is awfully inadequate, which necessitates adaptation for the Poor • IPCC, UNFCCC/COP on Adaptation • Nairobi Work Programme on Adaptation • Bali Action Plan and Paris Climate Agreement: – Limited Adaptation world wide and – Mitigation, inadequate Fund and Technology
  4. 4. Where is Climate Change impacting the Most? • Human beings at Community level • Enterprises and Economic Activities • Ecosystems and Environment • Institutions and Organization
  5. 5. Growing Human Insecurities in the Climate Changed World • Often Human Securities are defined in terms of Strategic and Military Security • But Human Security is emerging as a Global Threat – 5 Basic Securities (Food, Water, Health, Energy, Livelihood and Social Security) are threatened by Climate extremes • CC is degrading all Ecosystems, which are again affecting Human Securities
  6. 6. People’s Vulnerability & Adaptation Needs • Communities across the world are facing impacts and are adapting to CC • Few are adapting in the fullest knowledge of CC impacts • Others are adapting intuitively with experiential knowledge and limited resources
  7. 7. What is CBA? • Climate change is global, but impacts are local • Adaptation must take into consideration local contexts, needs & priorities • CBA (Community Based Adaptation) is a new and emerging approach • CBA can help the poor and vulnerable communities to deal with CC impacts, enhance resilience, reduce risks and vulnerability
  8. 8. What is CBA…. • CBA must be community led • Communities are empowered to analyze the causes and effects of climate change at the local contexts • Identify the multiple risks and level of vulnerabilities • Integrate community and scientific knowledge in planning and implementation of local adaptation • CBA must be linked with DRR, resilient livelihood and local development process
  9. 9. How do We promote CBA? • Assess the local socio-economic contexts and their interface with climate change and disasters- level of risk and vulnerability • Partnering with local communities and actors for vulnerability assessment, planning and implementation of CBA, DRR & Resilient Livelihoods • Creating space for the communities and actors for their effective participation, inputs and ownership
  10. 10. How do We promote CBA? • Integration of scientific knowledge with local knowledge and held raise the voice of the poor and voiceless • Engaging and strengthening local government, NGOs and actors in planning and implementation of CBA purposefully; and • Providing knowledge, local perspectives and scientific input to NAPA & NAP at national and IPCC and UNFCCC process at global scale
  11. 11. The Challenges Ahead • Scaling up CBA • Supporting innovation, initiative and enterprise • Greater scientific understanding of the local contexts of present and in future • Horizontal and vertical linkages and integration
  12. 12. CBA & EbA: Challenges of Integration • Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) is an emerging approach in the adaptation science & practices – EbA approach draws from EBM and CCA – EBA promotes conservation and use of biodiversity & ESS as part of overall adaptation strategies • To help the community and ecosystem to adapt to the negative impacts to climate change • Protection and regeneration of ESS provides livelihood, well-being, cultural and spiritual supports to the communities (MEA, 2005) • EbA has 3 dimensions – Spatial – overall what geophysical scale for adaptation action – Temporal – When would be the actions to be taken – Reducing risks and vulnerability through plantation, regeneration and conservation • Challenges of Integration of EbA & CBA
  13. 13. The Challenges Ahead • Guideline for integration of CBA & EbA into local and national Sustainable Development Policies and strategies • Inclusion of gender dimensions and climate justice issues into CBA & EbA planning and implementation • Greater resources for the poor and vulnerable community from national and global funding mechanisms and good governance
  14. 14. Adaptation is Happening Examples of Vulnerability and Responses to Sea Level Rise, Livelihoods, Agriculture and Water
  15. 15. HomesteadGardenonRaised Plinth
  16. 16. Raised Plinth of Toilet
  17. 17. Raising Plinth
  18. 18. Livestock During Flood
  19. 19. Preservation of Household Assets Over False Ceiling Storage of Food during Flood
  20. 20. Storage of Safe Drinking Water & Dry Food
  21. 21. Community based rain water harvesting Household based rain water harvesting
  22. 22. Floating Garden During Flood Locally Known as Baira Cultivation
  23. 23. Raised Tube Well
  24. 24. Store Extra Furnace
  25. 25. Protecting from Erosion Protecting Income Generating Activity
  26. 26. Water Collection in Hilly Region
  27. 27. Community People Using the Water of Re-excavated Pond
  28. 28. Pond Sand Filter
  29. 29. Household Based Rain Water Harvesting in Drought Prone Area
  30. 30. Drip Irrigation
  31. 31. Household Based Irrigation Farming
  32. 32. Crab Farming in Saline Water
  33. 33. Saline Tolerant Rice
  34. 34. Chickpeas in Drought Area
  35. 35. Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
  36. 36. Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal Seed storage system/seed bank
  37. 37. Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
  38. 38. Adjustment in Cropping pattern Hanging Nursery Making Soil heap Local Adaptation Practices in Nepal
  39. 39. A Greenhouse in Pakistan
  40. 40. Examples in Agriculture : Nigeria
  41. 41. Examples in Agriculture: Morocco
  42. 42. Examples in Agriculture : Senegal
  43. 43. Examples in Agriculture: India
  44. 44. Example in Agriculture: Australia
  45. 45. Examples in Agriculture Farming in Brazil
  46. 46. Intensive Potato Farming in Canada Examples in Agriculture
  47. 47. Farming in New Zealand Examples in Agriculture
  48. 48. Farming in Philippines Examples in Agriculture
  49. 49. BANGLADESH CENTRE FOR ADVANCED STUDIES House 10, Road 16A, Gulshan-1, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh Tel: (88-02) 8818124-7, 9851237, 9852904; Fax: (88-02) 9851417 E-mail: info@bcas.net Website: www.bcas.net

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