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Non governmental organizations

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Non governmental organizations

  1. 1. A Managerial Perspective of Looking at It!
  2. 2. What is an NGO?????? A non-governmental organization (NGO) is any non-profit, voluntary citizens group which is organized on a local, national or international level.  Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political particpation through provision of information.  Some are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health.
  3. 3. NGOs are referred in many ways.  NPOs or Not for profit  VOs or Voluntary Organisations  CSOs or Civil Society Organisations  CBOs or Community Based Organisations  Charitable Organisations  Third Sector Organisations (The other two sectors are state and the market)
  4. 4. Typical Forms of NGOs  Advocacy These NGOs basically work on advocacy or campaigning on issues or causes. As a focus, they do not implement programmes.  Consultancy / Research Organisations These NGOs work on Social and Developmental Research & Consultancy  Training / Capacity Building Organisations In the NGO Sector, training is usually called as Capacity Building. Some NGOs only work on Capacity Building of the other NGOs  Mother NGOs These NGOs are recipients as well as givers  Self Help Groups They are not typically terms as NGOs. These are formed by beneficiary communities, typically women who come together in a group of 10 plus.
  5. 5. How many NGOs are working inIndia  The estimates of different sources vary but largely people agree this figure to be between 1 million to 2 million  Gwalior- over 10,000 Registered
  6. 6. Some of the states with highnumber of NGOs  Gujarat  Maharashtra  TamilNadu  West Bengal
  7. 7. Who helps the NGO Sector  Funding agencies: both Indian and International, eg. VHAI (Voluntary Health Association of India), CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency)  Corporate Companies: both Indian and International, eg: Sir Dorab Ji Tata Trust (Food Security), Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (HIV and AIDS).  Secret Donors  Government Agencies: Mostly various ministries at the central and state level, eg: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  8. 8. Types of Activities done:  Advocacy and awareness  Movements and campaigns  Hardware Activities  Service Delivery  Networking
  9. 9. Major Thrust Areas  Health  Land  Ravine Reclamation  Women Empowerment  Female Infanticide and Feticide  Food security  Corruption  Community Empowerment
  10. 10. Sizes of Project  May vary on the grounds of project that is being implemented 5 people to 500 looking after a project.  Financially depending on the thrust area ranging from Rs.50000 to 5 Crores
  11. 11. So How Do We ReallyGo About Bringing A Change??????
  12. 12. The Change Process  Analyzing  Planning  Staffing  Networking  Implementing  Monitoring  Evaluating  Sustaining  Exiting
  13. 13. Corporate vs. NGOs Corporates NGOs  Profit Maximization  People’s Well-Being  Market Share  People own things  Competition  People raise voices  Diversification  Integrated Development