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Traits, motives and characteristics of leadership

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Leadership & team management

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Traits, motives and characteristics of leadership

  1. 1. Traits, motives and characteristics of leadership
  2. 2. Traits, motives and characteristics of leadership 1. General personality traits 2. Task related personality traits 3. Leadership motives 4. Cognitive factors in leadership
  3. 3. General personality traits • Self confidence • Humility • Trust worthiness • Extraversion • Assertiveness • Emotional stability • Enthusiasm • Sense of humor
  4. 4. • Self confidence: it refers to the confidence that a leader has in his abilities and in the success of decision that he is going to take • Humility: it refers to being humble and admitting that you do not know every thing as well as admitting your mistakes to group members and outside • Trust worthiness: a person’s confidence in another individual’s intentions and motives and in sincerity of that individuals word.
  5. 5. • Extraversion: it means that the leader is social, gregarious and outgoing in most situations and participates in group activities activily • Assertiveness: it refers to being forthright in expressing demands, opinions, feelings and attitude. • Emotional stability: it refers to the ability to control emotions to the point that one’s emotional responses are appropriate to the occasion.(depression. Anxiety, anger, embarresment and worry)
  6. 6. • Sense of humor: sense of humor helps the leader to diffuse tension and conflict among group member • Enthusiasm: it is desirable for the leader to be enthusiastic and group member respond positivily to enthusiasm. e.g a leader can express enthusiasm verbally as “Great job”, “I love it” etc.
  7. 7. Task related personality traits • Passion for the work • Emotional intelligence • Flexibility and adaptability • Internal locus of control
  8. 8. • Passion for work: some leaders like take there work so seriously and are so much involve in their work that they are even not time conscious and sometime they even sacrifaice their family life for their work • Emotional intellegence: it refers to the ability to do such things as understand one’s feelings, have empathy for others and regulates one’s emotions to enhance one’s equality of life. • flexibilty and adaptability: it refers to the ability to adjust to different situations. e.g downsizing, outsourcing, technological advances etc.
  9. 9. • Internal locus of control: the leaders with internal locus of control believe that they are the prime mover behind events. So fundamentally this capacity enables him to take charge of the events.
  10. 10. Leadership motives • The power motive • Personalized power motive • Socialized power motive • Drive and acheivement motive • A strong work ethic • Tenacity
  11. 11. • Power motive: effective leaders have a strong need to control resources. Leaders with high power motives have three dominant characteristics 1. They act with vigor and determination to exert their power 2. They invest much time in thinking about ways to alter the behavior and thinking of others 3. They care about their personal standing of those around them
  12. 12. • Personalized power motive: leaders with personalized power motives seeks power mostly to further their own interest. • Socialized power motive: leaders with a socialized power motive use power primarily to achieve organizational goals or a vision. In this context the term socialized means that the leader uses power primarily to help others.
  13. 13. • Drive and acheivement motive: drive refers to a propensity to put forth high energy into achieving goals to a persistence in applying that energy. Drive also includes achievement motivation. • Strong work ethic: effective leaders typically have a strong work ethic, a firm believe in the dignity of work. They are well motivated because they value hard work. • Tenacity: it refers to the ability to overcome obstacles
  14. 14. Cognitive factors and leadership • General mental ability( cognitive ability) • Knowledge of the business group • Creativity • Insight into people and situations • Farsightedness and conceptual thinking • Openess to experience • WIC model
  15. 15. • General mental ability: being good at solving problems • Knowledge of the business: one needs to be technically competent in his discipline specially when leading a group of specialists • Insight in to people and situation: a cognitive ability to have depth of having insight into understanding people and situations that requires intuition and common sense
  16. 16. • Farsightedness and conceptual thinking: ability to understand the long range implications of polices and actions. Conceptual thinking refers to the ability to have an overall perspective. • Openess to experience: the positive orientation towards learning • WICS model: wisdom, intellegence and creativity.
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