3. Surface Web
• The websites we browse each day make up only a small percentage of
• These sites, collectively known as the surface web, are visible and
accessible to common search engines such as Google and Yahoo.
While estimates vary, many experts agree that the surface web
comprises roughly 4% of all online content.
• Beyond the surface web, 96% of online content is found in the deep
web and the darknet.
4. Dark Net
•An overlay network
•Uses specific software’s (TOR , Freenet and many
5. Dark Net
• Beyond the deep web is the darknet. The darknet is a network, built
on top of the internet, that is purposefully hidden, meaning it has
been designed specifically for anonymity. Unlike the deep web, the
darknet is only accessible with special tools and software - browsers
and other protocol beyond direct links or credentials. You cannot
access the darknet by simply typing a dark web address into your web
6. History of Dark Net
• 1970 term “darknet” introduced
• 1995 development began on “Onion Routing”
• 2002 US Naval Research Lab releases ONR v2 (aka TOR)
• 2002 Freenode is released
• Sponsors include US dept. of State, Radio free Asia, The Four
Foundation, Google, EFF, 4300individuals
8. Why Use Dark Net
• To better protect the privacy rights of citizens form targeted and mass
• Whistleblowing and news leaks.
• Computer crime(Hacking, file corruption etc)
• Sale of restricted goods on darknet markets.
• File sharing (confidential file, illegal or counterfeit software etc)
9. Tools or Software's
• Tor, or The Onion Router
• I2P, or the Invisible Internet Project
is an anonymous overlay network - a network within a network - intended to
protect communication from surveillance and monitoring.
is free software which allows users to anonymously share files, browse and
publish "free sites" (web sites accessible only through Freenet) and chat on
is an example of a darknet, a routing protocol, that is not necessarily meant
to be secret - its aim is to explore internet routing technologies