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Great depression begins

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Great depression begins

  1. 1. Start of the depression
  2. 2. Bell work 2/2 • What do you know about the Stock Market in the United States?
  3. 3. p. 29 The Great Depression (1929-1941)
  4. 4. 1. Economic Cause • Too many people buying stocks that they can’t afford (with loans) • Everyone tries to sell stocks at once • Banks had used $ to invest- they lost cash and had to close
  5. 5. 1. Economic Effect • Vagrant (homeless) kids • Thousands lose jobs/ homes/lifesavings • Hoovervilles- homeless camps
  6. 6. 2. Political Cause • Pres. Hoover was a conservative (laissez faire=hands off) and didn’t like a lot of gov control of business • Believed in the American spirit and will to “pull themselves up by the bootstraps” • High tariffs (tax on imports)=trade war
  7. 7. 2. Political effects (don’t copy) President Herbert Hoover declared, "Nobody is actually starving. The hoboes are better fed than they have ever been.” • felt that assistance should be handled on a local, voluntary basis. (Churches and businesses offer help) • Hoover dam- projects to stimulate economy
  8. 8. 3. Agricultural Cause • Over production=low prices AND poor soil
  9. 9. 3. Ag. Effect • Dust Bowl- loose dirt picked up/blown away from The Dakotas to Texas • Farmers leave the mid west (called Oakies)
  10. 10. 4. Social Causes • Buying on credit (consumerism) • False optimism (thinking everything is ok)
  11. 11. 4. Social effects • Low divorce rate (too expensive)= lots of abandoned families, Low birthrate • Poor health/nutrition • High crime rate and alcoholism • Escapism- radio, movies, sports
  12. 12. p. 28 A picture is worth 1000 words • Divide the page into 4 squares • For each: • 1. Give the source a Title or “caption” • 2. what is says about the era