O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.
TEMPORAL AND INFRATEMPORAL
FOSSA
Dr. Motaz NuggedAlla
M.Sc (Human Anatomy)
TEMPORAL FOSSA
Temporal Fossa (Boundaries)
 The temporal fossa, in which the temporal
muscle (L. temporalis) is located, is bounded:
 A...
Temporalis Muscle
 Origin : Floor of temporal fossa.
 Insertion : Coronoid procces of mandible.
 Innervation : Mandibul...
INFRATEMPORAL FOSSA
 The infratemporal fossa is an
irregularly shaped space deep and
inferior to the zygomatic arch, deep to
the ramus of the...
Boundaries
 Laterally: the ramus of the mandible.
 Medially: the lateral pterygoid plate.
 Anteriorly: the posterior as...
Contents
 Inferior part of the temporal muscle.
 Lateral and medial pterygoid muscles.
 Maxillary artery.
 Pterygoid v...
Inferior alveolar nerve
 Is a branch from mandibular nerve which
enters the mandibular canal to supply the
teeth of the l...
Inferior Alveolar Nerve
Block
 The site of the anesthetic injection is around the
mandibular foramen.
 This canal gives ...
The maxillary artery
 The maxillary artery is the larger of the two
terminal branches of the external carotid
artery .
 ...
The Temporomandibular
Joint
TMJ
 TheTMJ is a modified hinge type of synovial joint .
 The articular surfaces involved are the condyle of
the mandible, t...
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Temporal and infratemporal fossa
Próximos SlideShares
Carregando em…5
×

Temporal and infratemporal fossa

11.611 visualizações

Publicada em

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina
  • Dating for everyone is here: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/2Q98JRS ❤❤❤
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui
  • Sex in your area is here: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/2Q98JRS ❤❤❤
       Responder 
    Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
    Insira sua mensagem aqui

Temporal and infratemporal fossa

  1. 1. TEMPORAL AND INFRATEMPORAL FOSSA Dr. Motaz NuggedAlla M.Sc (Human Anatomy)
  2. 2. TEMPORAL FOSSA
  3. 3. Temporal Fossa (Boundaries)  The temporal fossa, in which the temporal muscle (L. temporalis) is located, is bounded:  Anteriorly by the frontal and zygomatic bones.  Laterally by the zygomatic arch.  Inferiorly by the infratemporal crest.
  4. 4. Temporalis Muscle  Origin : Floor of temporal fossa.  Insertion : Coronoid procces of mandible.  Innervation : Mandibular division of trigeminal nerve.  Actions : Elevation and retraction of the mandible.
  5. 5. INFRATEMPORAL FOSSA
  6. 6.  The infratemporal fossa is an irregularly shaped space deep and inferior to the zygomatic arch, deep to the ramus of the mandible and posterior to the maxilla.  It communicates with the temporal fossa through the interval between (deep to) the zygomatic arch and (superficial to) the cranial bones.
  7. 7. Boundaries  Laterally: the ramus of the mandible.  Medially: the lateral pterygoid plate.  Anteriorly: the posterior aspect of the maxilla.  Posteriorly: the tympanic plate and the mastoid and styloid processes of the temporal bone.  Superiorly: the inferior (infratemporal) surface of the greater wing of the sphenoid.  Inferiorly: where the medial pterygoid muscle attaches to the mandible near its angle.
  8. 8. Contents  Inferior part of the temporal muscle.  Lateral and medial pterygoid muscles.  Maxillary artery.  Pterygoid venous plexus.  Mandibular, inferior alveolar, lingual, buccal, and chorda tympani nerves .
  9. 9. Inferior alveolar nerve  Is a branch from mandibular nerve which enters the mandibular canal to supply the teeth of the lower jaw and emerges through the mental foramen (mental nerve) to supply the skin of the chin.
  10. 10. Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block  The site of the anesthetic injection is around the mandibular foramen.  This canal gives passage to the inferior alveolar nerve, artery, and vein.  When this nerve block is successful, all mandibular teeth are anesthetized to the median plane.  The skin and mucous membrane of the lower lip, the labial alveolar mucosa and gingivae, and the skin of the chin are also anesthetized because they are supplied by the mental nerve, a branch of the inferior alveolar nerve.
  11. 11. The maxillary artery  The maxillary artery is the larger of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery .  It arises posterior to the neck of the mandible and is divided into three parts based on its relation to the lateral pterygoid muscle .  Each three parts of the maxillary artery give 5 branches .
  12. 12. The Temporomandibular Joint TMJ
  13. 13.  TheTMJ is a modified hinge type of synovial joint .  The articular surfaces involved are the condyle of the mandible, the articular tubercle of the temporal bone, and the mandibular fossa.  The fibrous layer of the capsule attaches to the margins of the articular area on the temporal bone and around the neck of the mandible.  The articular disc divides the TMJ into two separate compartments (two separate synovial cavities and membranes).  Nerve Supply :Auriculotemporal and masseteric branches of the mandibular nerve

×