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  1. 1. + Sonnets
  2. 2. + Definition  14 lines  Strict rhyme scheme  Specific structure  We’re going to talkabouttwo specific types  Petrarchan (Italian)  Shakespearean (English)
  3. 3. + Petrarchan  Named after Petrarch  Separated into an octave and a sestet  Rhyme scheme for the octave:  Abba abba  Rhyme scheme for sestet:  varies and can be arranged in various ways  Cdcdcd  Cddcdc  Cdecde
  4. 4. + Petrarchan (cont’d)  Main topic: unrequited love  Octave forms proposition that describes problem  Sestet proposes resolution  Iambic pentameter  Unstressed, stressed  Five feet  da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM daDUM
  5. 5. + Iambic Pentameter Practice  ShallI compare thee to a summers day? 
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summers lease hath all too short a date: 
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmd; 
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or natures changing course untrimmd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wanderst in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest: 
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
  6. 6. + Shakespearean Sonnet  Introduced by Thomas Wyatt and Surrey  Different form  Three quatrains followed by a couplet  Iambic pentameter  Rhyme scheme:  Abab, cdcd, efef, gg