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Definition Literal meaning: rebirth Marked by surge of creative energy Seen in all areas of culture Began in Italy in 14th century and spread north Delayed in England due to political upheaval Took hold during the reign of Henry VII
Changes from Medieval to Renaissance Change in view of religion Medieval times: focused on religion and afterlife Renaissance: more interest in life on earth More focus on individual and human potential Difference in view of ambition “Renaissance man” What is? Difference between “Renaissance man” and medieval ideal man
Renaissance Religion Henry VIII Creation of the Church of England Why? Protestant church Thirst for male heir created infamous reputation Six wives, 3 heirs Only one male
Henry’s Six Wives Catherine of Aragon Anne of Cleves Divorced Divorced/Annulled Mother of Mary I Anne Boleyn Katherine Howard Beheaded Beheaded Mother of Elizabeth I Treason Jane Seymour Died Katherine Parr Mother of Edward VI Survived
Catherine of Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour AragonAnne of Cleves Katherine Howard Katherine Parr
Renaissance Religion (cont’d) Edward VI Only male heir to Henry VIII Succeeded at 9, but died at 15 Group of radical Protestants used Edward as power Became known as Puritans
Renaissance Religion (cont’d) Mary I Daughter of Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII Known as “Bloody Mary” Superstitious game? Brought back Roman Catholicism Intense persecution of Protestant Burnt over 280 Protestants at the stake
Renaissance Religion (cont’d) Elizabeth I Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Considered the most able ruler England has had Brought back Protestantism, though kept some aspects of Catholicism Known as the “Virgin Queen” Never married Controversy of nickname Cultivated many aspects of culture, allowing for growth in idea of Renaissance Dancing, art, theater
Renaissance Culture Delight in arts, literature, beauty of nature, human impulses, exploration and mastery over world Think of the Renaissance greats: Shakespeare Galileo Columbus Great advances in technology Compass, telescope, printing press