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Lifestyle diseases

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Lifestyle diseases

  1. 1. Lifestyle Diseases and its Prevention
  2. 2. Disease is a state of discomfort in which the normal functioning of the body is affected. Types of Diseases: ●Communicable Diseases ●Non-Communicable Diseases a.k.a Lifestyle Diseases Definition and types of diseases:
  3. 3. The diseases that spread from one person to the other are called Communicable Diseases or Infectious diseases These diseases are caused by infection which spreads through the medium of touch, sharing towel, handkerchief , air, food or water etc. Eg: polio, typhoid,cold, flu , chickenpox, tuberculosis (T.B.) Communicable Diseases
  4. 4. Non Communicable Disease or Lifestyle Disease Non Communicable Diseases means that you cannot catch it from someone or environment. These diseases may develop in a person due to faulty eating and living habits .These diseases are called lifestyle diseases. e.g.: obesity, diabetes and hypertension.
  5. 5. A lifestyle is the pattern of living that we follow - how we work, what and when we eat, how and when we sleep, how much physical activity we do and whether we smoke or consume alcohol. What is Lifestyle?
  6. 6. Lifestyle factors associated with disease i) Modifiable (those that can be changed) like food habits, physical activity level, addiction (smoking, drinking) and stress. ii) Non-modifiable (those that cannot be changed) like age and heredity.
  7. 7. Lifestyle Disease Burden
  8. 8. Lifestyle risks associated with disease
  9. 9. Prevention of lifestyle diseases
  10. 10. Prevention of lifestyle diseases People need to change their habits in the direction of healthier living. i) take up regular exercise like walking, yoga, dancing, aerobics and cycling. ii) take a balanced diet at proper meal times. Do not overeat. iii) avoid processed and packaged foods that are rich in sugar, fats, salt and calories and low in fiber, good quality protein, minerals (iron and calcium) and vitamins.
  11. 11. iv) eat whole grains like cereals (wheat, whole wheat flour), millets (jowar, bajra) and avoid refined foods like maida..
  12. 12. v) eat 400 - 500 gms of seasonal fruits and vegetables in a day. vi) drink plenty of water. vii) practice yoga or meditation to avoid stress in life. viii) keep away from smoking and drinking alcohol.
  13. 13. Conclusions  A healthy lifestyle must be adopted to combat these diseases with a proper balanced diet, physical activity and by giving due respect to biological clock.  the right sitting posture so that the uneven pressure on joints and muscles may be minimized.  Kids spending too much time slouched in front of the TV or PCs, should be encouraged to find a physical sport or activity they enjoy.

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