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Asia .

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It was a flash presentation about Asia in UGent - Begium .

Publicada em: Educação
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Asia .

  1. 1. Flash Presentation Environmental Sanitation By : Camar Amril , Nina , Ridwan and Mohammed Herzallah CONTINENT: ASIA
  2. 2. ASIA  Largest continent  Diverse climate and geographic features  Home to several languages families  Area: 44.579.000 km sq  Population: 4,164 billion  Countries: 49 with time zone UTC+2 – UTC+12
  3. 3. Total Pop. 11,000,000 in Palestinian territories 4,420,549 Our people -Yasser Arafat (The Palestinians father) -Rania Al Abdullah (The Queen consort of Jordan) Palestine Most important cities. - Jerusalem (The capital) - Bethlehem According to historical sources and the Christian tradition, Jesus was born in Bethlehem . - Jericho Hebron Ramallah Gaza (My home city) Climate in Palestine: 4 Seasons
  4. 4. Location: Southeast Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam Population: 105,720,644 (July 2013 est.), birth and death rates of 24.62 and 4.95, respectively, per 1000 population The Philippines Climate: Tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October) Natural hazards: Astride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms each year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis
  5. 5. Indonesia      17.508 islands in equator – 2.000.000 km2 area 250 million population, 300 ethnics, 742 languages Tropical climate – rain forest, with exceptions Flora & Fauna : Asiatic, Special, Australic Ring of Fire – World Main Plate
  6. 6.   Instruction  MS in Environmental Science  PhD in Environmental Science Research and Extension Programs  Climate Change and Human Aggravated Natural Disasters  Ecosystem Fragmentation and Biodiversity  Aquatic and Water Resources Systems Protection  Agro-Industrial Ecology  Land Degradation and Rehabilitation  Cross-cutting issues (e.g. risk assessment) Professional Situation
  7. 7. Professional Situation White phosphorus in soil and water of Gaza region
  8. 8. Professional Situation  Main problem: clean water, garbage, polluted air, illegal logging  Big water supply – 20% available  Cause: distribution and pollution  75% of river = high polluted, 20% = medium polluted  Source: domestic – industrial  Correlated to public health (2nd cause of death)  Regulation submitted by government, in practice?  Prevention of pollution get into water body  Make pollution useful  Reuse/Recycle/Reduce
  9. 9. Environmental Problems Global Asia 1. Population growth (Driving force) 2. Deforestation and land degradation 3. Water pollution (Surface and ground waters) 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. • • • Arsenic case in Bangladish Eutrophication Sewage discharge Air pollution Soil contamination Climate change Armed conflict/war Natural Disaster (flood, typhoon, landslides, volcanic erruption)
  10. 10.  Region Asia : different water problem Water Pollution  Middle and West: lack water  South and East: too much water  Asia = Industrial Area  Asia = High Population  Main problem: polluted water, can not be consumed, emerge sanitation prob.  Polluted water make disaster  Dakka, Bangladesh  Minamata, Japan  Mayak, Russia  Awareness and colaboration of people, company, and government  Success e.g. Japan
  11. 11. Air Pollution in Asia China ! Asia India !  China is the largest emitter of carbon dioxide in 2009 at 6.9 Gton per year and India was the third (1.65 Gton per year)  The world factory ! China.   According to the Chinese Ministry of Health, industrial pollution has made cancer China’s leading cause of death. Every year, ambient air pollution killed hundreds of thousands of citizens (Lung cancer and cardiovascular disease were increasing because of factory and vehicle air pollution and tobacco smoking).
  12. 12. Soil Contamination  Accumulation and impacts of heavy metals in agricultural soil  Potential effects on human health and long-term sustainability of food production  Sources: natural source, mining, smelting and flying ash, fertilizers and agrochemicals, wastewater irrigation sewage sludge application, livestock manures  Soil pollution control and remediation: land filling, fixation, leaching