O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.

East of Eden - online life beyond the Great Firewall

563 visualizações

Publicada em

A whistle-stop tour of the whys, wherefores, looks and feels of the Chinese internet.

Publicada em: Internet
  • Seja o primeiro a comentar

  • Seja a primeira pessoa a gostar disto

East of Eden - online life beyond the Great Firewall

  1. 1. 伊甸之东 Online life beyond the Great Firewall Miles Metcalfe – @mmetcalfe
  2. 2. 前言
  3. 3. Where in China?
  4. 4. Image: Citizen Pity
  5. 5. Image: Happy Zhangjiang @happyzhangjiang
  6. 6. Image: QQ News
  7. 7. Is China a Communist Country?
  8. 8. The state sector • UK: 18.2% employment in public sector • China: 10.2% employment in the public sector • Singapore: Almost 50% of GDP from SOEs • China: Around 15% of GDP from SOEs • Urban China: around 30% of population employed in SOEs.
  9. 9. Leninist Government • Democratic government: within limits set by “the Establishment”, elections set goals and select means. • Leninist government: “popular will” established the long-term goal through revolution. The party sets milestones and chooses means.
  10. 10. Not so unfamiliar Central Committee Officials People Party
  11. 11. Now is it? Board of Directors Managers Workers Shareholders
  12. 12. The “C”word • China is a Leninist autocracy that is run to benefit its ruling class • Who are nevertheless afraid of revolution • Official ideology is a hybrid of state socialism and nationalism • What drives China’s growth is capitalism
  13. 13. Received politics • The Mao years bankrupted Communist ideology • People want to get rich - there is an equation of money and power • Some are believers • Some are cynics • Most are getting on with it
  14. 14. 中国互联网
  15. 15. Regulation and Censorship
  16. 16. “When people are using social media for violence we need to stop them. We are working with the police, the intelligence services and industry to look at whether it would be right to stop people communicating via these websites and services when we know they are plotting violence, disorder and criminality.” –British Prime Minister, David Cameron
  17. 17. Why censor? • Control of the media is a touchstone of Leninist government • To prohibit mass organisation • The West gave autocrats the excuse • To protect senior leaders from scrutiny • To protect domestic markets • To protect foreigners
  18. 18. “The principal means by which the PRC regulates the internet is through its jurisdiction over value-added telecommunications service providers whose operations or servers are located in the PRC. It exerts this jurisdiction through approval, licensing, permitting, inspection and reporting obligations imposed on internet content and service providers in the PRC.” –Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP
  19. 19. How is censorship done? • Control of the network - the great firewall • Services providers must comply with monitoring directives • 50 cent party to “guide” public opinion • Many Chinese people can’t read English, and aren’t attracted to sites where their friends aren’t
  20. 20. Debate and dissent • ZF stands for government • Grass mud horses and river crabs • Proxies and VPNs
  21. 21. Images: www.cfp.cn
  22. 22. Copy to China
  23. 23. Axes
  24. 24. Access • Broadband penetration in cities is high, and very affordable for the middle class • Smartphones are ubiquitous in cities. • Mobile phones are cheap • Metro WiFi, Starbucks, and good signal on the underground
  25. 25. Mobile • State-owned service providers offer affordable plans, and WiFi services • Phone hierarchy: • iPhone - tasteful, sophisticated, “girlie” • Foreign Android - one for the boys • Foreign other Smartphone OS (eg, Nokia/Windows) • Domestic Android - Xiaomi leads the style pack • Shanzhai • Anything with a micoSD slot - for side-loading porn
  26. 26. Money and power • East coast cities are wealthier • Provincial capitals are pretty well off • Urbanisation is far from complete • Restive, western provinces are heavily restricted
  27. 27. Some key sites
  28. 28. Organic Shanghai
  29. 29. Taobao
  30. 30. TMall
  31. 31. We Chat
  32. 32. Sina News Portal
  33. 33. Wait, what’s this?
  34. 34. Baidu Search
  35. 35. Baidu Search
  36. 36. Sina Weibo
  37. 37. Renren: China’s Facebook
  38. 38. Dianping
  39. 39. Douban
  40. 40. Liba
  41. 41. Liba Marriage
  42. 42. Meituan
  43. 43. Yihaodian
  44. 44. 谢谢大家
  45. 45. 材料
  46. 46. http://www.tealeafnation.com/ http://www.danwei.com/ http://cmp.hku.hk/ http://chinadigitaltimes.net/ http://www.techinasia.com/tag/china/ http://www.chinalawblog.com/ http://www.chinasmack.com/

×