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Use of RSS and NMR for exploration in oil and gas industry but also for refurbish of mature oil fields

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In a period of severe recession in the oil industry and the reduction of companies' employees only NMR technology will allow to preserve the exploration programs of the companies planned for 2020 for a symbolic price. The NMR technology provides absolute field data with efficiency in 2.5 -3.0 times higher than indirect seismic data, and at a price ten times lower than 2D/3D seismic data. And most importantly, we are operating remotely, we are not afraid of the coronavirus pandemic all over the world!!!
If you have planned exploration surveys of the field (blocks) in 2020, NMR technology will perform remotely and provide the following:
 Ground contours of oil, gas and oil & gas reservoirs.
 Limits for extension of traps,
 The number of horizons in each reservoir,
 The depth of horizons,
 The presence of a gas cap over the oil horizon,
 Indicative of gas pressure in the gas cap (reservoir pressure),
 The presence of water under the oil horizon,
 Vertical scan data column,
 Vertical sections of hydrocarbon reservoirs,
 Roof structural maps for individual layers,
 Calculated volume of layers, filled with gas and oil,
 Preliminary calculation of forecasted oil and gas resources in all deposits,
 Mapping the maximum signal response in each reservoir
 Identification of the optimum drilling points.
The survey period is 1.0-1.5months

If you have exploratory (appraisal) wells planned and to exclude dry holes, please give us the drilling points (coordinates) and your company will receive the following data before drilling:
 Determination of the presence of hydrocarbons in the survey point to in a given depth interval,
 Identification of the type of hydrocarbons (oil, natural gas),
 A map of the terrain with contours of the identified deposit and fault zones within a radius of 1 to 3 km around the drilling point,
 Determine the zones of maximum response of signals on the contours of identified deposit,
 Determining the number of useful horizons,
 Determining depth of occurrence of each horizon,
 The gas pressure in the horizons,
 Flooding of horizon and the thickness of the water layer,
 Building deep column at the drilling point,
 Identify the presence of hydrocarbons in the vicinity of the control point in the absence of hydrocarbons at a given point.
The survey period is 30 days

The NMR technology is based on the phenomenon of resonance, which allows direct detection and contouring of hydrocarbon deposits, as well as deep sounding and obtaining data on the occurrence of horizons, the presence of gas caps, gas pressure in them, watering of horizons, to choose the optimal points for drilling, and also to calculate the forecast hydrocarbon resources.

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Use of RSS and NMR for exploration in oil and gas industry but also for refurbish of mature oil fields

  1. 1. 1 Ukraine Institute of Geophysics and Problems of the Earth An Innovative Technology for Remote Sounding of Mineral Deposits
  2. 2. 2 Innovative Technology of Search and Survey of hydrocarbons Contents Introduction 1. About company "Institute of Geophysics and Problems of the Earth " 2. Innovative Geophysical Exploration Technology 3. Technology Features 4. Service Ideology using RSS-NMR technology 5. Diagnostics of territories (2D) 6. Detailed remote survey of deposits (3D) 7. Remote survey of drilling points 8. Conducting an expedition to the area 9. Comparative Effectiveness of Methods 10. Technical Peculiarities and some Know–How of the Technology
  3. 3. 3 Introduction When conducting exploration work, there are always risks of drilling “dry” wells (complete absence of hydrocarbons), or risks of non-commercial discovery of deposits Further, the Presentation provides information on the methods and capabilities of the RSS-NMR technology, as well as options for its application for solving a wide range of Customer tasks Proposed technology for the search and exploration of hydrocarbon deposits can significantly minimize these risks. Compared to traditional methods, our RSS-NMR hydrocarbon prospecting and exploration technology is based on resonance phenomena, which allows us to “directly” identify and quickly explore hydrocarbons on the territory of the Customer. The total effectiveness of our service is 90% or more, which means a significant reduction in financial risks compared to classical methods.
  4. 4. 4 1. About company "Institute of Geophysics and Problems of the Earth " Institute of Geophysics and Problems of the Earth is an innovative scientific and technological production company that provides a wide range of services for the identification and detailed examination of hydrocarbon deposits and various minerals. The main goals of the company are the creation and implementation of high technology innovative technologies that increase the efficiency of exploration of hydrocarbon and other natural resources of the Earth. The Company's strategy for the provision of geophysical services is always the same - achieving the result with the greatest efficiency and with the lowest cost for the Customer, that is: - high performance, - speed of task performance, - inspection of territories without restrictions, - absolute environmental friendliness, - relatively low cost of work.
  5. 5. The technology is based on the principle of resonance, which allows directly identify and record the required substances 5 RSS-NMR technology classification The “direct” method of prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits Resonance Spectral Sounding (RSS) Remote surveying of territories based on resonance processing analog IR space images Work on the ground with using point-to-point NMR sounding of deposits Thus, RSS & NMR technology consists of methods: RSS - for remote surveying of territories, sites, points. NMR - for work on the ground / fieldwork . At the same time, operational research of hydrocarbons, minerals, underground fresh and thermal waters both on large and small territories of land and shelf is provided. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) 2. Innovative Geophysical Exploration Technology
  6. 6. 6 3. Technology Features Territory of use - without restrictions (on land or on the shelf) Survey area - virtually no limits Depths of research - from 0 to 7 km Searched minerals - oil, gas, water and other minerals Efficiency - for hydrocarbons and water> 90% The duration of the stages - up to 1 month. Environmental safety - the method is absolutely safe for people and the environment
  7. 7. 4. Service Ideology using RSS&NMR technology The presence of a highly effective remote research phase in combined with a ground survey of deposits allows implement a unique geophysical service covering almost all possible tasks of the customer. These tasks include: 1. Rapid identification of hydrocarbon deposits on the Customer’s territory and their contouring (“diagnostics” of the territory in 2D format); 2. Detailed remote examination of identified deposits (3D), 3. Testing of drilling points obtained by classical methods; 4. Conducting an expedition for a detailed survey of deposits (3D), etc. A standard approach for examining the territory of the Customer is first to “diagnose” the site and then, if there is a deposit (s) of hydrocarbons, conduct a detailed inspection of them. This approach can significantly reduce time and costs in the event of the identification of "empty" areas.
  8. 8. 5. Diagnostics of territories (2D) Survey areas may be from units km square up to tens of thousands of square kilometers. Examination duration lies within 1 month. As a result of the survey we get the following data: - ground contours of identified deposits, - isolines of response levels of signals, - contours of fault zones, - zones and points of maximum signal responses, - maximum gas pressure in the horizons. 450 sq. km
  9. 9. 6. Detailed remote survey of deposits (3D) Survey Areas May range from units to hundreds square km. Examination duration lies within 1 month. As a result of the survey we get the following data: - updated ground contours of deposits and fault zones, - zones and perspective points for drilling wells, - the number of horizons, their thickness and depth, - the presence of gas caps and pressure in them, watering horizons; - transverse and longitudinal sections of deposits, 3D model; - predicted resources of the deposit. Gas Oil
  10. 10. 10 3 Figure 1 shows structural map where black lines longitudinal and cross section of deposits. Figure 2 shows one from longitudinal sections of deposits. Figure 3 shows 3D gas horizon model. 1 2
  11. 11. 11 7. Remote survey of drilling points Survey areas are several km square. Duration surveys lies within 2-3 weeks. As a result of the survey we get the following data: - presence or absence hydrocarbons at a point control, - ground contours of the reservoir, - zones and points of maximum signal responses, - the number of horizons in drilling point, their power, depth of occurrence; - the presence of gas caps and pressure in them, - contours of the nearest deposits in case of a "dry" drilling point.
  12. 12. 1212 Исх. № 02/08-15 10.08.2015 Директор / Director of the company Ю.В. Петров Заключение по результатам дистанционного тестирования точки бурения на нефть В течение апреля 2015 г. украинская компания «Институт геофизики и проблем Земли» провела тестирование точки, заложенной под бурение на нефть на территории Республики Коми. Тестирование точки проводилось дистанционно, на основе прямого геофизического метода обследования территорий с использованием радиационно-химической обработки аналоговых космических снимков инфракрасного диапазона. Проведено сравнение результатов дистанционного тестирования точки с результатами проведенного бурения. Данные тестирования и бурения совпали полностью, показав 100%-ю результативность использованного метода тестирования. Reference on the results of remote testing of the drilling point for oil The Ukrainian company "Institute of Geophysics and Problems of the Earth" tested the point laid down for drilling for oil in the Republic of Komi during April 2015. Point testing was conducted remotely based on the direct geophysical method of territory survey using radiation-chemical processing of analogue satellite images of infrared range. A comparison of results of remote testing of the point with the drilling results was carried out. The data of testing and drilling have coincided completely showing a 100% efficiency of the used testing method.
  13. 13. 8. Conducting an expedition to the area 13 The expedition is conducted on plot with previously identified deposit (s). Survey area ranges from a few km sq. up to tens of km square. Expedition duration and subsequent processing received data lies in within 1 month. The purpose of the expedition is to clarify remote data surved. As a result, we get: - updated ground contours of the reservoir, - deep transverse and longitudinal sections of the reservoir, - refined resources calculation, - affixed to the terrain well drilling points.
  14. 14. 9. Comparative Efficiency for large territories Methods Executable works Results (for an area ~1000 sq. km) Effectiveness Duration Average number of mining holes Traditional methods Space survey Geological survey Geophysical survey Searching boring 30 - 35% 1 – 2 years 6 (From data of Russian State Institute of Oil and Gas) Innovation Тechnology Resonance spectral sounding of the analog space images Nuclear-magnetic resonance sounding of a deposit on-site  80-85%  90-92% 1 month 1 month 1 Comparative Characteristics with 3D Seismography # Parameters 3D-Seismography "IT" 1 Topographical binding + (anomalies) + 2 Construction of 3D models of objects + (anomalies) + 3 Search of unstructured traps of oil and gas --- + 4 Detection of gas "caps" in oil horizons --- + 5 Definition of gas pressure in gas "caps" --- + 6 Definition of presence of oil mobility --- + 7 Detection of water horizons over oil and gas deposits --- + 14
  15. 15. Innovative methods are patented and tested 15 Testing in the USA at 5 wells showed 100% effectiveness and 95% accuracy for depths of horizons
  16. 16. 16 Technical Peculiarities and some Know – How of the Technology
  17. 17. 1. General Idea of the Technology A С D В Oil Test waferOil Reprinter Preliminary the spectrum of the sought-for mineral is recorded on special test wafers Broadband radtation Photograph Тest wafer X-ray film Aerospace photographs Test wafers are used as a resonator during radiation- chemical processing of analogue aerospace photographs of the territory obtained in the infrared range. Result is direct visualization of ground contours of basins and deposits Ground expedition Point-by-point resonance sounding of an area: improvement of deposit contours, obtainment of longitudinal and transverse sections. Selection of optimal drilling points, improved calculation of expected reserves. Test wafers are used for spectral modulation of transmitter’s radiation
  18. 18. 2. Remote survey (RSS method) Receiving space images Record EM spectrums of minerals on test wafers Obtaining samples of the desired minerals Resonance-spectral processing of satellite images of the study area Preparing of report Object contour visualization Laboratory production of test wafers Kirlian camera, computer Transfer the coordinates of a satellite image to terrain maps Fixation object and analytical data processing Preliminary work Search Object Identification Photogram- metric Calibration Field contour visualization Fixing the desired object Technological scheme Generalized scheme
  19. 19. 19 № The list of technological operations 1 Preparatory works Order and obtaining of aerospace photographs of the investigated territory and ultra-pure chemical reagents. Laboratory manufacture of test gel-wafers. Recording of electromagnetic spectrum of the sought-for substance on test wafers. 2 Object identification Spectral resonance processing of satellite images in the presence of test plates in accordance with patented technology. Chemical processing of X-ray films that have undergone resonant effects. 3 Contour object deciphering Visualization of the contours of identified objects using the Kirlian camera. Getting a computer 2D image of objects. 4 Photogrammetric calibration of computer image of the object (geographic connection of the image’s points and the area). 5 Object’s fixation – definition of its size, form and location on the area. Transfer the contours of an object to a geographical map. 6 Analytical data processing to obtain 3D parameters of the reservoir and the calculation of forecast resources. 7 Preparation of report and providing the Customer with it
  20. 20. 20 Companies Halliburton and Schlumberger + Direct measurement of T1 to identify fluids, porosity and permeability of reservoirs - Small survey radius, powerful magnets, powerful transmitter (r =0,05-0,2m, f =0,6–1,2 MHz, В0=0,1-3Т, Р =50-300W) 3. Expedition (NMR method) Known methods: Nuclear Magnetic logging Method (1) Magnetic Resonance Sounding Method (MRS) (2) Т/R MRS response Water horizon Resonant signal Loop IRIS instruments and others + Direct measurement of Т2 parameter for identification of water horizons, depth and reservoir porosity -- Shallow survey depth (up to 150m), powerful transmitter (impulse 4000 W, 600 А) Disadvantages caused by weak directionality of antennas: Dipole Gain coefficient G ≤ 4 Low-suspended horizontal frame antenna
  21. 21. 21 Our way - Increase of Radiating Power The considered systems use sinusoidal resonance signal. However, oil consists of ~1,000 substances, therefore in order to reach maximum identification of the sought-for mineral it is necessary to excite resonance in all types of molecules of the sought-for substance, that is, to provide resonant spectral sounding. Application of superdirective antenna Prad у Superdirective antenna Dipole (frame) х R Antenna’s radiating power: Рrad = ηА .GA .Рtr where Рtr is transmitter power, ηА – antenna’s coefficient of efficiency, GA – antenna gain For dipole GА ~ 4, For directive antenna: GA = S1/SA = 4π .R2 / SA, where SA is effective antenna area. With R = 1m and SA = 10-6 m2 we receive power increase of superdirective antenna GA = 4π .106 ~ 12 . 106 Increase of Prospecting Accuracy Superdirective antenna predetermines point-to-point and not acreage sounding of deposits
  22. 22. The transmitting part of the mobile equipment complex Work on the ground is absolutely safe for people and the environment Thus, deep-seated sounding of the reservoir is carried out pointwise, using a narrowly directed spectrally modulated signal, which causes resonance in the desired substance
  23. 23. Response signal ℓ2 ℓ1 1st horizon 2nd horizon Modulation signal α h1 h2 Measuring ribbonTest wafer In measuring point the modulated laser beam is directed towards deposit under α angle. Modulated signal spreads under ground from test wafer. Оperator moves along the measuring ribbon with receiver. Response signal is registered at distance from ℓ1 tо ℓ2. Occurrence depths of a horizon are calculated with the help of the following formulae h1 = ℓ1 . tg α, h2 = ℓ2 . tgα. Horizon thickness ∆h = h2 - h1 = (ℓ2 - ℓ1) . tg α, By placing test wafers with recording of own frequencies or natural gas at different pressure, we are able to determine presence of gas cap and gas pressure in it. Diagram of Measurement of Deposit Parameters 23
  24. 24. Seismography Innovative method Using shock impacts on the ground surface Effectiveness - about 30% There are restrictions on the type of terrain, Long duration of work and data processing, Unfavorable to the environment and humans. Study of the Earth's crust on the basis of artificially excited acoustic waves Study of mineral deposits on the basis of nuclear-magnetic resonance Using signals that excite resonance in sought-for substances Effectiveness about 90-92% There are no restrictions on the type of terrain, Short duration of work and data processing, It has no harm to humans and the environment. 1 2 3 Transmitter of shock impacts Receivers of acoustic waves Anomaly Seeking mineral 1 Transmitter of resonance spectra Receiver of the Larmor frequencies Anomaly Sought-for mineral Comparative analysis of terrestrial technologies 24
  25. 25. We believe that application of the Technology will have a significant economic impact which can be achieved within very short time! Thank you for your attention Landline +591-33257175 Mobile +591-716-96657 (WhatsApp) VoIP: + 1-786-352-8843 Skype mlf10357 Home Bolivia: +591-3-3330971 Michel.friedman@fands-llc.biz

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