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Sentences simple and compound

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Sentences simple and compound

  1. 1. SENTENCES TYPES OF SENTENCES: SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES COMPLEX SENTENCES
  2. 2. SENTENCES Learning Objective: Identify and be able to write and punctuate simple, compound and complex sentences
  3. 3. SIMPLE SENTENCES
  4. 4. SIMPLE SENTENCES • SUBJECT – NOUN – ARTICLE – ADJECTIVES + PREDICATE - VERB - ADVERBS - OBJECTS
  5. 5. SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SUBJECT: Two or more people, places, or things with the same predicate Examples: John and Sussy like ice cream. Madrid and Paris are two beautiful cities. These tables and chairs are painted white.
  6. 6. SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND PREDICATE: One subject doing two or more things Examples: Pablo danced and sang all night. The pretty blue bird drank and ate fast.
  7. 7. SIMPLE SENTENCES Can you write some examples of simple sentences with: - One simple subject and one simple predicate - Compound subject - Compound predicate - Compound subject and predicate
  8. 8. COMPOUND SENTENCES
  9. 9. COMPOUND SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES: Two simple sentences brought together using a connective and a punctuation mark. Examples: Santiago cried with the movie. Laura liked the movie a lot. Santiago cried with the movie, but Laura liked it a lot.
  10. 10. COMPOUND SENTENCES Connectives which can be used: Short Long
  11. 11. COMPOUND SENTENCES Connectives which can be used: Short Long , ; ,
  12. 12. COMPOUND SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCE PUNCTUATION (Two simple sentences brought together using a connective and a punctuation mark.) Short connective: Simple sentence 1 , connective simple sentence 2. Long connective: Simple sentence 1; connective , simple sentence 2.
  13. 13. COMPOUND SENTENCES • Write compound sentences about the following topics. Use long and short connectives, and the correct punctuation. • 1. I love ice cream • 2. Anna likes singing • 3. A fast car rushed by • 4. Studying is so necessary • 5. They got a telephone call
  14. 14. COMPLEX SENTENCES
  15. 15. COMPLEX SENTENCES DEFINITION: An independent clause and a subordinate clause in the same sentence. Independent Clause = simple sentence Subordinate Clause = a phrase - not a complete sentence - gives additional information
  16. 16. COMPLEX SENTENCES DEFINITION: An independent clause and a subordinate clause in the same sentence. The subordinate clause can be placed at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a sentence. Punctuation changes in each case.
  17. 17. COMPLEX SENTENCES Punctuation: If the subordinate clause is at the beginning of the sentence: Connective + subordinate clause , independent clause.
  18. 18. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. because if therefore so in order to since The driver crashed into the house. Why? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  19. 19. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. when while until after before The driver crashed into the house. When? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  20. 20. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. because if therefore so in order to since The hunter was looking for deer. Why? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  21. 21. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. when while until after before The hunter was looking for deer. When? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  22. 22. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. because if therefore so in order to since King kitten prayed for someone to come home. Why? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  23. 23. Use one of the connectives in the box to change this short, simple sentence to a longer complex sentence. when while until after before King kitten prayed for someone to come home. When? Can you make a complex sentence with a connective at the beginning?
  24. 24. COMPLEX SENTENCES Punctuation: If the subordinate clause is in the middle of the sentence: Independent , subordinate clause , clause.
  25. 25. COMPLEX SENTENCES Independent clauses = simple sentences 1. Mr Farrell always gives great lessons. 2. Liverpool is an amazing city. 3. That red Porsche is really fast.
  26. 26. COMPLEX SENTENCES Join one independent clause and one subordinate clause in complex sentences. The subordinate clause should be in the middle of the sentence. Please do not forget to write commas in the correct place. Independent clauses. 1. Mr Farrell always gives great lessons. 2. Liverpool is an amazing city. 3. That red Porsche is really fast. Subordinate clauses: which is where I live which is my brother’s favourite who is our English teacher
  27. 27. COMPLEX SENTENCES 1. Mr Farrell, who is our English teacher, always gives great lessons. 2. Liverpool, which is where I live, is an amazing city. 3. That red Porsche, which is my brother’s favourite, is really fast.
  28. 28. COMPLEX SENTENCES Look at the following independent clauses. Think about a subordinate clause for each one so you make them in to complex sentences. Please do not forget to write commas in the correct place. Independent clauses. 1. Harry Potter is a wizard. 2. The door screeched open. 3. That car rushed past us. 4. The teacher is angry . 5. Friday was my birthday.
  29. 29. COMPLEX SENTENCES Punctuation: If the subordinate clause is at the end of the sentence: Independent clause subordinate clause . No comma!
  30. 30. COMPLEX SENTENCES Think about subordinate clauses to write after the following independent clauses to form complex sentences. Remember that if the subordinate clause is at the end of the complex sentence, there is no need for a comma. 1. The girl ran from the bear. 2. I was afraid of my teacher. 3. We brought the carrot soup. 4. That is an ugly dog.
  31. 31. Practice • Simple sentence ( one subject and on predicate) FOOD
  32. 32. Practice • Compound sentence with a long connective Vacations
  33. 33. Practice • Complex sentence with the subordinate clause in the middle Movies
  34. 34. Practice • Compound sentence with a short connective Animals
  35. 35. Practice • simple sentence with compound predicate A party
  36. 36. Practice • Compound sentence with a short connective Animals
  37. 37. Practice • Complex sentence with the subordinate clause at the beginning A grumpy teacher
  38. 38. Practice • Complex sentence with the subordinate clause at the end A nice teacher
  39. 39. Practice • Simple sentence with compound subject and compound predicate

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