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Parts of a research paper educ 241

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PARTS OF A RESEARCH PAPER

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Parts of a research paper educ 241

  1. 1. ALMIRAH S. ACRAMAN MALE-English PARTS OF RESEARCH Education 241 (Methods of Research in Education)
  2. 2. I. What is Research? Research is a systematic inquiry that investigates hypotheses, suggests new interpretations of data or texts, and poses new questions for future research to explore.
  3. 3. II. Why conduct a research?
  4. 4. Slide Title III. PARTS OF RESEARCH 12 1 3 6 9 10 8 2 1 1 4 57
  5. 5. • Title Page • Approval Sheet • Acknowledgement • Dedication • Abstract • Table of Contents • List of Tables and List of Figures • The Title of the Study 1. The Preliminaries 1
  6. 6. • The abstract is a short summary of the entire paper. • This includes goals and objectives, results, and conclusions. It is usually one of the last parts of the paper to be written. Abstract
  7. 7. Things to be considered in creating the title: • signifies a very timely and significant contribution to the needs of an agency; • adequately conveys what the study is all about; • indicates the major variables covered; • expresses the key ideas or concepts expected to be contained in the research outcome; and • gives an indication of the research method used The Title of the Study
  8. 8. 1. Rationale A. Introduction/ Background of the Study Purpose of the Study B. Theoretical Framework C. Conceptual Framework D. Statement of the Problem/ Research Questions E. Research Hypothesis F. Scope and Limitations/ Delimitations of the Study G. Definition of Terms 2. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND 2
  9. 9. 1. Rationale A. Introduction/ Background of the Study This includes purpose and reason behind the conduct of the study. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  10. 10. Significance of the Study Purpose/ Objective of the Study A statement of "why" the study is being conducted, or the goal of the study. The goal of a study might be to identify or describe a concept or to explain or predict a situation or solution to a situation that indicates the type of study to be conducted (Beckingham, 1974). CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  11. 11. B. Theoretical Framework A brief discussion of the theory your quantitative research study is investigating, or a brief discussion of the theoretical perspective of your qualitative research. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  12. 12. C. Conceptual Framework This consists of concepts (and their relationships) on which the study is anchored. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  13. 13. D. Statement of the Problem A statement of the problem is a claim of one or two sentences in length that outlines the problem addressed by a study. “What is the problem that the research will address?” CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  14. 14. E. Research Hypotheses A research hypothesis is the statement created by researchers when they speculate upon the outcome of a research or experiment. “A hypothesis can be defined as a tentative explanation of the research problem, a possible outcome of the research, or an educated guess about the research outcome.” (Sarantakos, 1993: 1991) CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  15. 15. E. Research Hypotheses NULL HYPOTHESES (H0 or HN) The null hypothesis represents atheory that has been put forward, either because it is believed to be true or because it is to be used as a basis for argument, but has not been proved. ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESES (H1 or HA) Has serious outcome if incorrect decision is made. The alternative hypothesis is a statement of what a hypothesis test is set up to establish. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  16. 16. F. Scope and Limitations/ Delimitations of the Problem Limitations are those conditions beyond the researcher's control that may put restrictions on the conclusions of the study and their application to other situations. Delimitations refer to the boundaries of the study and are subject to the researcher's control. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  17. 17. G. Definition of Terms The part which defines technical terms based on how they are used in the study, specifically in the title. CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
  18. 18. 3
  19. 19. A. Review of Related Literature A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. This includes books, journals, monographs, magazines, encyclopedia and other publications. 3. CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES 4
  20. 20. 1. Review of Related Literature • information seeking: the ability to scan the literature efficiently, using manual or computerized methods, to identify a set of useful articles and books • critical appraisal: the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES 5
  21. 21. 2. Review of Related Studies These are studies, inquiries, or investigations already conducted to which the present proposed study is related or has some bearing or similarity. These cover unpublished materials such as manuscripts, theses, and dissertations. They may be classified as Local or Foreign Studies. CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES 6
  22. 22. A. The Research Design B. Research Environment/ Locale of the Study C. Sources of Data/ Respondents of the Study D. Sampling Procedure E. Data Collection/Data-Gathering Procedure F. Research Instruments G. Statistical Treatment 4. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 7
  23. 23. A. Research Design This refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring that the research problem will be effectively addressed. It constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  24. 24. B. Research Environment/ Locale of The Study This part presents the detailed description of the place where the study is conducted. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  25. 25. C. Sources of Data/ Respondents of the Study Target population and the sample that will be used for generalizing about the target population. This includes the demographics of the respondents/subjects. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  26. 26. D. Sampling Procedure This section describes how the subjects or the respondents are selected from a target population through a step-by-step procedure on how the sample size is determined. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  27. 27. E. Data Collection This section will operationalize the variables to be included in the proposed evaluation. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  28. 28. F. Research Instruments Instrument is the generic term that researchers use for a measurement device (survey, test, questionnaire, etc.). Instrument is the device and instrumentation is the course of action (the process of developing, testing, and using the device). CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  29. 29. G. Statistical Treatment Statistical analysis is at the heart of most experiments. Statistical treatment of data is essential in order to make use of the data in the right form. CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  30. 30. A. Results and Findings B. Summary C. Conclusions D. Implications E. Recommendations 4. CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 8
  31. 31. A. Results and Findings This section presents and sicusses the results and findings of the study in a systematic and in an unbiased way. CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
  32. 32. B. Summary of Findings This summarizes the interpretation of data given in Chapter 4. These should directly answer your statement of the problem. C. Conclusions This provides the answers for every statement of the problem. This is where you will prove your hypotheses and assumptions. CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  33. 33. D. Implications These are the meanings of the conclusions for the body of knowledge, theory, and practice. CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  34. 34. E. Recommendations • This should be directly based on the significance of the study. • This includes the recommended actions that should be done after the conduct of the study such as further assessment of the subject, focus on other factors, etc. CHAPTER 5 SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  35. 35. The purpose of this chapter is to summarize the collected data and the statistical treatment, and/or mechanics, of analysis. 5. CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
  36. 36. 6. BIBLIOGRAPHY This lists the different references used in the study such as books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, journals, magazines, periodicals, theses and dissertations (published or unpublished), legal bases (Republic Act, Presidential Decree, Memorandum Order, Laws), and websites.
  37. 37. 7. Appendices This includes pertinent papers and materials related to the study, such as the authorization letter, letter of transmittal, the research instruments, statistical breakdowns, the curriculum vitae or biographical sketch.
  38. 38. Barad, D. What, Why and How The Literature Review. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/ dilipbarad/literature-review-review-of-related-literature-research-methodology Fischer, A.S. Writing Chapter 3: Methodology. Nova Southeastern University School of Education. Retrieved from http://education.nova.edu/Resources/uploads/app/35/ files/arc_doc/writing_ chpt3_qualitative_research_methods.pdf Literature review. (2017, January 31). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:01, February 12, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Literature_review&oldid=762841559 Methodology. (2017, February 10). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:01, February 11, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Methodology&oldid=764732136 Milford, T. 2013. Writing Chapters 4 & 5 of the Research Study. Northern Carribean University. Retrieved from http://cel.ncu.edu.jm/Portals/0/Lunchtime%20Seminar%20Chapters%204% 20&%205%20(1).pdf Pajares, F. (2007). Elements of a proposal. Prado, N.I. et al. 2014. Research Methods. CMU IMDC. Research paper. (2016, August 29). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:00, February 12, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Research_paper&oldid=736747339 Types of research methods and disciplines. (2017, February 16). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 03:01, February 15, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Types_of_ research_methods_and_disciplines&oldid=765717300 References

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