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NAME: MISHMA AKHTAR
ROLL. NO. : 10190
Definition of Leadership
The ability of a superior to influence the
behavior of subordinates and persuade them to
follow a particular course of action.
It is a major way in which people change the
minds of others and move organizations forward to
accomplish identified goals.
What Do Leaders Do?
Create a climate of trust, respect, innovation and
Where Do Leaders Learn To Lead?
Leaders learns from Experience
Leaders learn from Example
Leaders learn from Education
Leadership style is the manner and approach of
providing direction, implementing plans, and
There are three major leadership styles:
Autocratic or authoritarian
Participative or democratic
Delegative or laissez-fair
The authoritarian leader makes decisions alone as
power is centralized in one person.
Decisions are enforced using rewards and the fear of
It is an abusive style called “bossing people around”.
High degree of dependency on the leader
Create de-motivation and alienation of staff
The participative leader includes one or more
employees in the decision making process.
Leader maintains the decision making authority
Communication flow freely
Suggestions are made in both directions
Provides mutual benefit
Consults before decisions are finalised
The leader gives power to subordinates to make the
However leader is still responsible for the decisions
that are made.
Leader sets priorities of the tasks.
Relies on good teamwork
Positive Approach towards Leadership
Positive leaders use rewards such as
education, independence, pays etc. to motivate
Negative Approach towards Leadership
Negative employers(leaders) emphasize on penalties
like loss of job, days without pay etc.
They act as a dictator
Consider themselves as a superior person
Morale falls that leads to low productivity
Earlier it was thought that leaders were born with
inherent physiological and personality traits:
o Emotional stability
Trait Theory Contd…
But Stodgill identified several general factors that
differentiate leaders from non-leaders
Participation and involvement
Focuses on actions of leaders and not on mental
qualities or internal states
People can learn to become leaders through teaching
Anyone who adopts the appropriate behavior can be
a good leader.
Several people deciding together make better
decisions than one person alone.
The social commitment to one another is greater.
People are less competitive and more collaborative
when they are working on joint goals.
Significance of Leadership
Developing team work
Representing the group