Evaluation of land administration challenges and gaps.pptx
1. Group Term Paper: Land Administration Practices, Challenges and
Gaps in Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Department of Land Administration Surveying
MSc in Geomatics
Course: Fundamentals of Land Administration (GMLa 5011)
Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
1. Mamaru Wondifraw
2. Minyichil Teshome
3. Tadegew Sega
Submitted to: Dr. Achamyelh G. (Ass. Prof.)
Results and Discussion
land tenure system in d/t times
During Derg Regim (1966 to 1983 E.C)
Current land tenure system
Challenges and gaps of land administration
Conclusion and Recommendation
• Land tenure system (or LAS) in different countries
can describes the social, and cultural background
national community and it governs the economical
development of state.
• In particular; the Ethiopian including Amhara
regional land tenure system have been undergone
numerous reforms over the century to reflect the
policies of different regimes.
The main objective of this term paper is to examine the
LA practices, challenges and gaps in Amhara Region,
To assess the land tenure system
To examine the gaps and challenges in the existing LAS
To show the organizational structure of current LAS
5. Methods and Data Sources
Qualitative research approach is used.
Secondary sources (from online):
• Related Books,
• FDRE Constitutions,
• Rural Land Proclamation
6. Results and Discussion
Land Tenure System
Land tenure in Ethiopia has a long legacy of state intervention.
It has plays a multi-dimensional relations in to:
Legal and Political Aspects
7. Land Tenure System in Amhara Region
Land tenure system in Amhara region has undergone
numerous reforms over different regimes.
the Imperial period before1975,
the Derg or Socialist Period (1966 – 1983E.C) and
Current LTS (EPDRF Period Since 1983 E.C)
8. Under imperial Regime (up to 1974)
Complex land tenure system due to d/t factors:
Cultural Diversity, and
Most commonly recognized tenure types are:
Private (Rist Or “Gult” --- kinship),
Church land tenure,
State Holding Systems (‘maderiya’ and ‘mengist’).
9. Private: (The rist system)
The dominant tenure system in Amhara region.
Access to land (use rights & transfer rights without land
alienation) for offspring's from a common ancestor.
Reduced landlessness and tenancy
diminution of holdings, land fragmentation and
persistent litigation over land access were among its
10. Gult /grant system/
Gult is not a right on the land, rather a right to tax the
benefits from land.
Gult is not transferable whereas rist is transferable.
• Referred to as ‘gebbar tenures’.
Recognized as the most dominant system during the
final days of the Imperial regime.
11. Church tenure/ Samon land tenure
Land owned by the church obtained through grants
from the crown.
The extent of church holdings was not clearly
known due to:
• Complexity form of church ownership,
• Decentralization nature of ownership and
• Secrecy of the church’s central treasury.
12. State/ government land tenure
land is owned by the government
Mengist land tenure:
land registered as government property.
Maderia land tenure:
• land granted mainly to:
War veterans, and
Other patriots in lieu of a pension or salary
The major problems of land tenure under this regime
• Exploitative Tenancy,
• Land Concentration And Underutilization,
• Tenure Insecurity,
• Diminution And Fragmentation Of holdings.
14. During the Derg Regime (1974 - 1991)
Based on proclamation on (No 31/1975) “Public Ownership of
Rural Land” nationalized all rural land redistribute it to its tillers
and to organize farmers in cooperatives, thereby abolishing
exploitative landlord-tenant relations so pertinent under the
• All Land was under state ownership (nationalization).
– The government nationalized rural land without compensation,
• Equity and giving access to land to all
The proclamation prohibits on transfer-of-use rights
• Mortgage or lease, except upon death and only then to a
wife, husband or children of the deceased; and
In the case of communal lands, possession rights over the land
are given for those working the land at the time of the reform.
16. Most Commonly Land Tenure Problems
Continuous land redistribution practice; thereby:
Diminution and fragmentation of holdings,
Tenure insecurity and all its consequences,
Inefficient allocation of land by way of
restrictions on land transfer and
Lack of appropriate land use and administration.
17. Current Land Tenure System
The land issue was settled in favor of public ownership
of land based on EFDR con. art 40(3).
• Ownership of all rural and urban land,
• All natural resources,
is exclusively vested in the state and in the people of
In current land tenure system the right:
• To rent or lease,
• To bequeath, and,
• Where the right of use expires - to remove his
• Transfer his title, or claim compensation for it
• In current land tenure system rural land title
registration is on progress in pilot woredas
across the region.
• Which secures land tenure and realize
sustainable land development.
20. Challenges and Gaps of Land
In practical there are no fundamental d/ces b/n the Derg
and the present government on rural land issues like:
• Land despite resolving system,
• Land use planning implementation,
• Land development planning,
• Inconsistency in registration B/N woredas,
• Sustainable planning and implementation….
Land tenure is an important part of social, political, and
land tenure system in Amhara region is highly influenced
by the cultural, ethnical, and social background of the
land tenure system were the main backbone for political
and religious as well as community elders throughout
• Land tenure (LAS) is a very critical pillar for socio
politics stability so the region shall adopt a well defined
LAS to maintain land disputes and conflict interest so
as to achieve sustainable development.
• Best land use and development planning is necessary
to improve transparent land transactions for nonfarm