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The Simple Present Tense
Uobičajenaradnja, tj.radnjakoja se ponavlja u razmacima:
I go to the gym on Monday and Friday.
I live in Belgrade, but he lives in London.
Present Continuous (to be /am, is, are/ + verb ing)
Radnjakoja se događaupravo u trenutkugovorenja:
Are you sitting or standing? I’m sitting.
She’s listening to you.
The Present Perfect (have/has + past participle)
a) Radnjakoja je počela u prošlosti i traje u trenutkugovorenja:
We have known each other for years.
I’ve lived here for 10 years.
b) Svršenjaradnja, alivremenski period u kojem se dogodilajošuvektraje: (this year, this
Have you done much work today?
I’ve been to the cinema twice this week.
It has been very cold this winter.
Have you ever eaten snails?
Have you ever been to China?
Have you ever tried sushi?
d) Odredbe: just, already, since, yet, ever
I haven’t eaten anything since breakfast.
I’ve just seen him.
I've already done it!
Haven't you got ready yet?
The Present Perfect Continuous (have/has + been + verb ing)
Radnjakoja je započeta u prošlosti i traje i dalje u sadašnjosti: (ilikoja se trajaladuževremena u
She’s been studying French for two years.
I don’t feel like going out this evening. I’ve been working all day.
What have you been doing this morning? I’ve been looking at the traffic and people.
Razlikaizmeđu Simple i Continuous je što Simple iskazujestanje, a Continuous radnju:
I have been working for this company since 2001. - radnja
I have lived here since May. - stanje
The Simple Past Tense
Radnjazakoju se tačnoznakada se dogodila u prošlosti i kojaničimnijevezanazasadašnjost:
He visited London three years ago.
I bought this dress in Belgrade.
What did you do yesterday?
I saw my friend last Sunday.
You watched TV last night.
The Past Continuous Tense (was/were + verb ing)
a) Prošlaradnjakoja je bila u tokukada se dogodiladrugaradnja:
When I arrived home the children were watching TV.
It was still raining when I came in.
As I was leaving my office, the phone rang.
b) Radnjakoja je dužetrajala u određenomprošlomvremenskomperiodu:
She was reading all evening.
I was watching TV from 7 till 11 o’clock last night.
The children were playing all afternoon.
c) Dveili vise radnjikojesu se događaleistovremeno u određenomprošlomvremenskomperiodu:
I was cleaning my room and mother was cooking the dinner.
They were playing cards, while I was reading a book.
He was playing piano and we were dancing.
The Past Perfect Tense: (had + past participle)
Svršenaradnjakoja se dogodila pre drugeradnje u prošlosti:
When I arrived, the match had already started.
When she returned home, she remembered that she had forgotten to buy coffee.
I had studied English before I came to England.
When they arrived to the station, the train had left.
The Past Perfect Continuous Tense (had + been + verb ing)
Prošlaradnjakoja je trajaladuževremena pre negošto se drugaprošlaradnjadogodila:
I had been walking for five hours before I saw the first house.
It had been raining for hours the day before we came.
I had been waiting for hours before the bus arrived.
She had been reading a book for an hour before she remembered that she had to go shopping.