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Last trends in architecture (new)

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Last trends in architecture (new)

  1. 1. Last Trends in Architecture Revision
  2. 2. Introduction • Since mid 20th century Architecture has experience great change. • The increasing interest in urban planning – not only involves the construction of the buildings themselves, but – it also asked for its inclusion in an area and in consonance with deep studies of their physical, social and economic impact. • The development of new and revolutionary materials has made possible the creation of some buildings that in a recent past would have been unthinkable.
  3. 3. Innovative Architecture • It combines the imagination of the architects and engineers with the aesthetic impact of materials such as reinforced concrete. • Structural solutions are revolutionary and, in addition to use industrial materials – they created sophisticates spaces through the distribution of light and – the use of materials not frequent in architecture, underlining their tactile qualities.
  4. 4. Innovative Architecture • The pioneer of this architecture would be Alvar Aalto. Other architects working in this way are Eero Saarinen, Nervi, Utzon or Kahn. • Their sign of identity is the use of industrial material to solve difficult structural problems.
  5. 5. International Style • It has its roots in the works of the Bauhaus and it developed in the US thanks to the influence of Mies van der Rohe and his disciples. • It is well suited to large metropolitan apartment and office towers. • These building proved to have a commercial potential and were extremely efficient for large- scale construction in which the module could be repeated indefinitely.
  6. 6. International Style • Inner spaces became standardized, predictable, and profitable and exterior reflected the monotony of the interiors. • The blank glass box became ubiquitous. • These buildings are considered examples of an austere classicism, but also coldly impersonal. • Architects working in this style are Stirling, Kenzo Tange, or Philip Johnson.
  7. 7. Post-modern Architecture • Between about 1965 and 1980 architects and critics began to espouse tendencies resulting in a style that is not cohesive but that has a distinct set of principles. • Postmodernists value – individuality, – intimacy, – complexity and – occasionally even humour.
  8. 8. Post-modern Architecture • Some architects, such as Venturi, defended an architecture that can produce any kind of buildings, ( filling stations or fast-food restaurants). • Some works have references to old style and can use vivid colours. • Other architects of this movement are Graves, Meier, Jahn or Moore.
  9. 9. High-Tech • The High-Tech style came to prominence in the 1970s and 1980s. • Representatives of this movement are the architects Richard Rogers, Renzo Piano and Norman Foster. • Its origins lie in the 19th century when new industrial techniques and materials, previously used on engineering projects such as bridges, began to be applied to architecture.
  10. 10. High-Tech • High-Tech buildings – are typically constructed of steel and glass, – make innovative use of technology and are often likened in appearance to the machines – draw attention to structural and functional elements. • Postmodernism is not the major strand in the most recent avant- garde architecture. • High-Tech makes expressive use of the constructional and operational aspects of a building, with features such as supporting members or heating pipes fully exposed to view.
  11. 11. Deconstructivism • Deconstructivism is the term used to characterize buildings in which elements such as – fractured forms or – warped planes undermine conventional notions of stability and harmony.
  12. 12. Deconstructivism • The works of Frank Gehry or Zaha Hadid can be considered good examples of this style.
  13. 13. Gehry • Characteristics: – Innovative use of materials – Expressive forms, easy to identify • First works had the fast rhythm of L.A. Ginger and Fred, Praga 8 Sprud Street
  14. 14. Gehry • He used cubic form and varied material to build houses: – Wood sheets – Metallic fabric – Waved metal • These works are linked to the deconstructive movement. Houses Gehry’s house
  15. 15. Gehry • When he started working in big projects, his forms became curved • In his last works he mixes deconstructive elements with flow forms. Vitra Design museum, Germany Luo Duvo Brain Institute, Las Vegas
  16. 16. Gehry • In order to design and build his project he has used aero-spatial technology programmes. • He uses technologic materials. Pritzker Pavillion, Chicago Experience Music Project, Seattle
  17. 17. Gehry • He has a personal and different style • He has created metallic mountains • In his last works he used complex lines made with other materials • His works characterize the environment in which are located. Marques Riscal Hotel, Elciego Guggenheim Biodiversity museum, Panama
  18. 18. DZ Bank, Berlin Experience Music Project, Seattle