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التعليم المنزلي

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التعليم المنزلي

  1. 1. Home Schooling Presented by Dr. Saleh Meamar
  2. 2. The Content 1. The history of home schooling in U.S.A. 2. Home Schooling’s problems in pictures. 3. The Shortcomings of the Public School. 4. Personal cons of home schooling. 5. The deferent situations of home schooling to be used successfully. 6. The conclusion : what I have learned? 7. Suggested plan to apply home schooling in Saudi Arabia.
  3. 3. 1- The history of home schooling in U.S.A • During colonial; era Some colonial families participated in home schooling to achieve literacy and vocational education. • Famous people and presidents were taught by home schooling : Woodrow Wilson, Franklin
  4. 4. Roosevelt, Thomas Edison, Pearl. Buck, General Macarthur, Pallone, and Rebecca Sealfon 1997 • Home schooling became in the concious of the American public when Rebecca Sealfon won the National spelling Bee in 1997. • What happened in 1999 in Oklahoma concerning killing 12 students and the teacher in a school consider important in home schooling movement.
  5. 5. • It was through the efforts of religion fundamentalists home schooling has become legal in all states. • But later on there have been a shift in the reasons people choose the home schooling : 1. To improve educational result. 2. To improve communication between families and school. 3. To bring meaningful involvement in educational process. 4. 2 % of students population taught by home schooling in USA.
  6. 6. 2- Home Schooling’s problems in pictures.
  7. 7. 3- The Shortcomings of the Public School. • A good number of Americans view schools as falling short of its expectations. • Public school teachers do not have teaching credential, because of the miss education of American teachers. • Some criticize the public education for lack of socialisation; children not living in the real world, while the home school; children spend their day in the real world.
  8. 8. • Some parents believe that public schools do a poor job of teaching the values and morals. • Others believe that public school unable to serve children with unique learning styles or scholarly needs. • Public schools are viewed by some parents, as lacking the ability to maintain a disciplined environment and security for children. • Negative peer pressure in the form of drugs and premarital sex are cited as intrinsic in public edu.
  9. 9. • Spending is in public education is up and achievement is down. Dr. Ray “In strengths of their own” found the average cost per home school student is $565 while the average cost per public schools students 5,325. The average of home school children is 85% while the average of public school children is 50%. On national standardized achievement tests. (Mrantc, Camille A ;An examination of how home schooling program respond to parental concern). • Public school teachers lament that they can not get to know the large majority of their students; Because of large class size, in public schools.
  10. 10. 4- Pros and Cons about home schooling. a. The disadvantages of the home schooling. The National Educations Association States that “home schooling can not provide the student with a comprehensive education experience” The decision to home school usually entails one of the parents to give up a career outside of the home.
  11. 11. Home schooling parents must have self- discipline. If this is accomplished then children well also learn to adopt these habits. Home schooling hampers the acquisition of socialization skills. Home school advocates seek a differention between positive and negative socialisation.
  12. 12. When a child personality develops in a warm atmosphere of love and acceptance he well usually socialize well with all age grups including his own. Home schools overcome the potential for the Isolation through heavy involvement in youth groups by community activities clubs sports participation activities with neighbourhood children and academic contests.
  13. 13. b.The advantages of the home schooling. In home schooling education becomes the substance of life not appendage of it; any given moment could be an educational opportunity. The home school setting allows valuable gifts a parent can give a child which are time and self. Home schooling fosters communications between the parent and the child.
  14. 14. Home schooling strengthen bonds between parents and children. In homes where there are several siblings being home schooled that unique bond extends to siblings relationship. William J. Bennett Reagan, Secretary of Education stated that” All parents are teachers, the all but indispensable teachers.
  15. 15. 5- The deferent situations of home schooling to be used successfully. a.For : Strengthening the partnership between family and school. by: Martin, Emma J; Hagan-Burke Shanna Establishing a home school connection between schools and parents with the explanation of seven steps to facilitate effective communication. Journal citation: preventing school failure, v46, n2 p,26-56 Win 2002.
  16. 16. b.For: The bare foot hours out-of school program by: Boss, Suzie The Bare Foot Hours: out of school programs offer to make the most of kids free time, turning potentially risky afternoon into golden house of opportunity. This program to reduce juvenile crime and risky behavior. Journal citation: North west Educationnv1, n4 p2-7 sum2002.
  17. 17. c.For : special education( gifted children) Is Home schooling right for your highly gifted child? By: (Morse Karen). This article describe the most common teaching strategies that home schools have successfully used. Journal citation: understanding our gifted v14 n1 p25-26 fall 2001.
  18. 18. d.Can be used during war. Meeting E.F.A Afghanistan Home. Based schools: case study. By Kirt, Jackie and Winthron, Rebecca 2006. Formal schools fail to reach many of the country children. 5 days ago, U.N. announced that half of school children in Afghanistan out of schools. Non governmental organization in Afghanistan are promoting home education. www.aed.org/Toolsand Publication.
  19. 19. e.For decreasing illiteracy. Invisible Teacher of literacy: collusion between siblings and teachers in creating classroom culture. By: Geogory, Eve. In East London siblings have been found to be efficient leaders of home schooling as well as literacy practices. (1% of U. K. school students are home schooled literacy v38 n2 p97-105 Jun, 2004.
  20. 20. f.For students who suffer from stress. Alternative education in Japan: brief orientation. By: Needle, Nat. Home scholling in Japan is slow and it is beginning. It is for students suffer from stress . It is after school program. Paths of learning: option for families and communities n5 p41-45 Jun, 2000.
  21. 21. g.For school readiness (pre schooling in Russian education) New approaches to organizing assistance to families. By: Merozona. Home school used in Russia to prepare children to attend regular class. Russian Education and society v41 n5 p65- 83 May,1999.
  22. 22. h.For those who have socioeconomic problems (in Malaysia). The socioeconomic context of home Basd learning by women in Malaysia (By Lee Loh-Ludher). It present that education usually take place at home in Malaysia for the benefit of the poor and needy as a form of distance Education. They took benefit of the information and communication technology (I C T). Distance Education v28 n2 p179-193 Aug, 2007.
  23. 23. i.For those who have psychological problems . Personal, social and family characteristics of Angry student. By: fryxell, Dale, Smith, Douglas c. Journal citation, professional school consenting v4 n2 p80-94 Dec 2000.
  24. 24. j.For those who live in grazing properties. Every day life in distance education: one family’s home schooling experience ( Australia) By: Green, Nicole c. In Queensland, Australia, most of the families own or manage sheep and beef grazing properties There children receive education by correspondence and home tutor by the support of school staff. It shoes what home schooling is a like as a component of living and working on sheep or cattle properties Distance Education v27 n1 p27-44 May 2006.
  25. 25. 6- The conclusion Those families who choose home schooling need to take benefit from educational professional and exchange ideas and methods with them and with other home schooling families. Parents and school teacher should be trained to build abetter education relationship. One size of home schooling does not fit all: (deference models, deference styles). To get acceptance and have legal regulations; the pioneers of home schooling should start “home school schooling legal defence association as called in the United State (HSlOA). U.S. Home Schooling Push Movement Around the World. By: zehr, Mary Ann. Scours: education week; v4 2006, vol25 issue 16, p8
  26. 26. 7-Why and How I chose to do a research on home schooling? (an article on home schooling). First, 8 years ago I read a translated article in one of the Arabic magazine about the subject. Its title “ Home schooling: Is it your best alternative?”. It reminded me with the old informal education, but it showed me the home schooling in the United State is more developed and more organized and it has different level of legal regulations
  27. 27. Dr. Harld Chane (The impact of futurism and alternative school) Second, I have learned from educational practice and from some courses in 80th. Specially, from Doctor Harld Chane one of the greatest scholars in the futurism movement and alternative school in U.S.A. I have learned that the term “alternative” in education does not mean changing the existing system with a completely new one but it means improving the existing. For this reasons, I decided to make a research in this area to share in improving education system in K.S.A
  28. 28. 8- Suggested Plan to Apply Home Schooling in Saudi Arabia.
  29. 29. 1. The Suggested Plan • This model depends on providing the following: allocating a budget providing administrative assistance and technical support suitable for such a program and the services it provides. This model also depends on creating a major unit for teaching and education under the supervision of the deputy development of ministry of education. It is suggested that several mini units or subdivisions will branch out of this major unit, in accordance, or to accommodate the number of school administrations in the kingdom. This major unit in the Ministry of Education and subdivision in the school administration will have the following departments: • 1. Department for Educational Evolvement and Teaching Resources • 2. Department for National Families • 3. Department for Communications and Transportations • 4. Home Schooling Association
  30. 30. 1. Department of Educational Devolvement and Teaching Resources • This is the main department of the home schooling program within the Ministry of Education. It is divided into several departments in accordance to the number of schools administrations in the Kingdom. • The main responsibility of this department is to plan for future programs and solve any sudden obstacles during its administration. Another responsibility is to evaluate, monitor and assure the continuation of the program by the National Families, Home School Association, and the Communication and Transportation Departments. In order to develop this program and assure its success the above departments need to establish and information center that provides a list of all satellite learning channels, program schedules and contents after being reviewed and evaluated by the National Families. Also, provide information about the Internet and websites that offer free tutoring programs for home schooled children. Furthermore, need to establish and provide information about testing and ways to improve it through research and development. Another responsibility may include planning and scheduling educational field trips for home-schooled children with similar interests. This can be used to provide a suitable environment outside the home to enhance and enrich their learning experience. Also provide educational training for parents through public services associated with Teacher Training Center in teacher colleges and the Colleges of Education.
  31. 31. 2. National Families Department (NFD) • The most important function of this department is; preparing and arranging for programs, curriculums, assessments/examinations, and providing the necessary tools or equipments. Special preparation should be made to educate and train home-schooled parents. Another duty includes issuing certificates and keeping a log of all students who are interested in the research in the practical field and in the scientific studies. They can also form a network of national and international personnel to benefit from the experience in this field of study. • The National Families Department will be composed of several advisors interested in this alternative teaching, under the supervision of these advisors in the NFD. The NFD is composed of the following departments: • 1. National Family for Religion curriculum. • 2. National Family for Languages curriculum. • 3. National Family for Science and Mathematics curriculum. • 4. National Family for Social Studies curriculum. • 5. National Family for Fine Art and Sports curriculum. • 6. National Family for training parents • 7. National Family for teacher training to work and keep close communication with parents.
  32. 32. 3. Department of Communications and Transportations • As mentioned previously, the home schooling branch inside the Ministry of Education is composed of this and other departments except, this department has many subdivisions. These subdivisions carry the same tile and are numbered according to how many school administrations are available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The sole responsibility of this department is to keep a log and list of names and addresses of all home schooled children and their families in order to exchange information and share their experiences. Another responsibility includes providing free transportation to home schooled children during their field trips, exchanging visits, community and social events and sport activities. This department may include an information center with names and addresses of volunteers willing to provide free tutoring via email, and give support during social events or sport activities.
  33. 33. 4. Home Schooling Associations • This association consists of home schooled parents, education supervisors, school principals, teachers, business men and owners of industries and factories that are available in every city, town directors, government administrations, Deans of the College of Education, and etcetera. Furthermore the duty of this association is to provide information, suggestions, advanced new ideas and concepts, and encourage fields and scientific researches for this field and keep close contact with international organizations and learn from their experiences in order to submit final reports to the responsible parties. The members of these associations and the works should be done with some financial support and administrative help voluntarily.
  34. 34. The End