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Building the Next Smart City With Mobile Cyber-Physical Systems

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Building the Next Smart City With Mobile Cyber-Physical Systems

  1. 1. BUILDING THE NEXT SMART CITY WITH MOBILE CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS Dr. Mazlan Abbas CEO - REDtone IOT Sdn Bhd Email: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com Cyber-Physical System (CPS 2016), April 19, 2016
  2. 2. OTHER PHRASES THAT YOU MIGHT HEAR • Internet of Things (IoT) • Industrial Internet • Smart Cities • Smart Grid • "Smart" Anything (e.g., Cars, Buildings, Homes, Manufacturing, Hospitals, Appliances)
  3. 3. By 2016 Gartner predicts 6.4 billion devices will be connected to the internet -- and 5.5 million new 'things' will join them each day. 63 devices connected every second HOW BIG IS THE IOT MARKET?
  4. 4. IOT BENEFITS Improve Efficiency Reduce Costs Create Innovative Products New Revenue Streams Consumers Government Businesses • 5B Devices Installed By 2020 • $900M Spent (2015- 2020) • $400 ROI (2015-2025) • 7.7B Devices Installed By 2020 • $2.1B Spent (2015-2020) • $4.7B ROI (2015-2025) • 11.2B Devices Installed By 2020 • $3B Spent (2015-2020) • $7.6B ROI (2015-2025)
  5. 5. ENVIRONMENTS Manufacturing 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement them within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Transportation Connected cars are a top IoT device. We estimate there will be over 220M connected cars on the road by 2020. Oil, gas, and mining 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Insurance 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC
  6. 6. ENVIRONMENTS Defense We estimate spending on drones will reach $8.7B in 2020. In addition, 126K military robots will be shipped in 2020, according to Frost & Sullivan. Agriculture We estimate 75M IoT devices will be shipped for agricultural uses in 2020, at a 20% CAGR. These devices are primary sensors placed in soil to track acidity levels, temperature, and variables that help farmers increase crop yields. Connected Home 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC Food Services 35% of manufacturers already use smart sensors. 10% plan to implement hem within a year, and 8% plan to implement them within 3 years, according to PwC
  7. 7. ENVIRONMENTS Infrastructure We estimate municipalities worldwide will increase their spending on IoT systems at a 30% CAGR, from $36B in 2014 to $133B in 2019. This investment will generate $421B in economic value for cities worldwide in 2019. Retail Beacons, paired with mobile apps, are being used in stores to monitor customer behavior and push advertisements to customers. In the US, we estimate $44.4B will be generated from beacon triggered messages. Utilities Energy companies throughout the world are trying to meet the rising demand in energy. To do this, they will be installing nearly 1 B smart meters by 2020. Hospitality 31% of hotels use next-generation door locks, 33% have room control devices, 16% have connected TVs, and 15% use beacons throughout the hotel, according to Hospitality Technology’s 2015 Lodging Technology survey.
  8. 8. ENVIRONMENTS Logistics Tracking sensors placed on parcels and shipping containers will help reduce costs associated to lost or damaged goods. In addition, robots such as Amazon Kiva robot, help reduce labor costs in warehouses. Banks There are nearly 3M ATMs installed globally in 2015, according the World Bank. Some teller-assist ATMs provide live-stream video of a teller for added customer support. Healthcare We estimate 646M IoT devices will be used for healthcare by 2020. Connected healthcare devices can collect data, automate processes, and more. But these devices can also be hacked, thereby posing a threat to the patients who rely on them. Smart Buildings 43% of building managers in the US believe the IoT will affect how they run their building within the next 2 to 3 years, according to a survey from Daintree Networks.
  9. 9. THE 4 STAGES OF IOT MATURITY Monitor Autonomous OptimizeControl
  10. 10. FIVE BIG REASONS WE FOCUS ON CITIES More than half the world lives in cities. Cities have been the center of civilization, life, and knowledge for centuries. More than 60% of cities have yet to be built. Cities are at the forefront of global innovation. By 2050, 70% of the world’s population will live in cities
  11. 11. WHAT-IF? Citizens Inputs Identify and Solve Issues City’s Indicator Livable Cities Next Smart City’s Solutions
  12. 12. MAKING SENSE OF DATA … BUT WHAT CITY DATA? THE GOLD RUSH
  13. 13. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data More Important Less Important Evaluated understanding Appreciation of Answers to questions. Symbols Understanding Answers to questions WHO WHY HOW WHAT WHERE WHEN VALUE IS CREATED BY MAKING SENSE OF DATA
  14. 14. COMPLEXITY OF SMART CITIES • Date/Time • Location • Communication pattern • Services Accessed • Location and time of use • Number of passengers • Journey time • Potential delays • Location • Cell Tower Information • Services Accessed • Length of time and extent of use • Usage patterns of subscribers • Temperature • Environmental data • Usage patterns • Demographics • Routes • Geospatial Information • Number of mobile subscribers on bus in neighborhoods • Usage patterns of public transport in different neighborhoods • Load on mobile network in certain neighborhoods during different events, eg. crime reporting or concerts • Demographics of Mobile Internet usage • Mapping of cities digital divide Improved decision making • Feedback to improve public transport services • Improving crime response rate • Improving crime response time Product for sale • Feedback to improve public transport services • Reducing cost of delivery of government services • Improving crime response time Knowledge ProductsInformation ComponentRaw DataReal-time data inputs
  15. 15. HOW-TO PROVIDE A SMART CITY SOLUTIONS? HOW-TO
  16. 16. BUILDING 3 TYPES OF CITIES ROI-driven Carbon-driven Vanity-driven
  17. 17. DATA OWNERSHIPS Personal / Household Private Public Commercial Sensor Data Provider
  18. 18. Home Health Transport OfficeWaste WHAT-IF – WE CAN DO DATA BLENDING Creating New Compound Applications
  19. 19. Smart City Agenda For city leaders wanting to pursue a smart city agenda, citizen inclusion is critical
  20. 20. CITIZEN-FOCUSED • BUILDING TRUST Citizen-Centric Data-Driven Decision Smart Tools Responsive Cost Effective Accountable Transparent Collaborative
  21. 21. VISION OF THE CITY OF THE FUTURE Open source and open data Make visible the invisible Sensing the city Provide tools for the citizens to interpret and change the workings of the city Technology may help mitigate the “black hole” problem.
  22. 22. SMARTPHONE – MOBILE CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS Significant computational resources Readily-available application distribution mechanisms Multiple communication mechanisms End-user maintenance and upkeep High-level programming languages
  23. 23. CITIZEN ENGAGEMENT CROWDSENSING VIA
  24. 24. POTHOLES PREVENT BEFORE BECOMING UNBEARABLE
  25. 25. FLASH FLOOD THE DANGERS OF UNKNOWN
  26. 26. ZIKA VIRUS HELP TO IDENTIFY AEDES MOSQUITO AREAS
  27. 27. CATCH THE ACT OF VANDALISM DESTRUCTION OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PROPERTY
  28. 28. Ad Hoc Chaotic Unmanaged SMS Whatsapp Facebook Twitter Radio TV
  29. 29. BE THE EYES OF THE CITY REPORT TO THE CITY COUNCILS
  30. 30. LET ALL CITIZENS BE THE CITY’S “EYES”
  31. 31. SAVES TIME TO REPORT A PICTURE IS WORTH A 1000 WORDS
  32. 32. BUT NOT FEEL LIKE A COMPLAINT REPORT AN ISSUE BUT NOT FEEL LIKE A COMPLAINT
  33. 33. CITIACT APP FOR ACTION, NOT TALKING
  34. 34. MOBILE APPLICATION
  35. 35. CRIME AREAS FLASH FLOODS NOISE LEVEL ROAD QUALITY PROFILING OUR CITIES GAINING INSIGHTS • OPTIMISING RESOURCES
  36. 36. HOW TO ACHIEVE SMART NATION TRAITS MOBILE APPLICATION PORTAL CITISENSE.COM CASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CONTRACTOR APP COLLABORATIVE COST EFFECTIVE ACCOUNTABLE TRANSPARENT RESPONSIVE DASHBOARD
  37. 37. TOP CITIZENS’ PAIN POINTS
  38. 38. HOW-TO BUILD YOUR NEXT SMART CITY SOLUTIONS? HOW-TO
  39. 39. SMART WASTE MANAGEMENT TIMELY SCHEDULE ALERT “I’M FULL” UNATTENDED GARBAGE RIGHT ROUTES
  40. 40. SMART PARKING Smart Parking With Sensors Location of Parking Availability Parking Utilization Tiered Pricing Parking
  41. 41. SMART STREET LIGHTING Prevent Crime with Proper Lighting
  42. 42. Smart Parking Smart Waste Management Smart Street Light Smart Transportation Open Data Parking Garbage Collection Lighting Public Transport Smartphone Users Smart City Hub Social Media IOT Applications Sensor Data Users CitiAct
  43. 43. IoT in Smart City Environmental Monitoring Multiple Sensors Outdoor Parking Management Parking sensors River Monitoring Water Quality and Flood Warning Traffic Intensity Monitoring Devices located at main entrance of city Guidance to free parking lots Panels located at intersections Smart Citizen Crowdsensing Smart Waste Management Sensors in waste bins and garbage trucks • Temperature • CO • Noise • Car Presence • Ferromagnetic sensors • Water level • Weather • Flow sensor • pH sensor • Measure main traffic parameters • Traffic volumes • Road occupancy • Vehicle speed • Queue Length • Taking information retrieved by the deployed parking sensors in order to guide drivers towards the available free parking lots • GPS • Infra-red sensors • User generated feedback with smartphones that help to make cities better
  44. 44. “WHEN WE COUPLED BOTH IOT TECHNOLOGY AND HUMAN SENSITIVITY, IT GAVE A TOTALLY DIFFERENT DIMENSION - NOTHING BEATS THE DATA GENERATED THAT HAS A HUMAN EMOTION INSIDE” - DR. MAZLAN ABBAS-
  45. 45. THANK YOU @REDtoneIOTREDtoneIOT • EMAIL: mazlan.abbas@redtone.com • TWITTER: @mazlan_abbas • FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/drmazlanabbas • LINKEDIN: my.linkedin.com/in/mazlan/ • SLIDESHARE: www.slideshare.net/mazlan1 • ABOUT ME: about.me/mazlan.abbas

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