Lendo e escrevendo e
Anne Frank
Este caderno de atividades pertence a:
Caderno de Atividades 1
Oi!
Neste caderno de atividades você vai saber mais sobre
Anne Frank. Anne é uma garota judia. Em seu décimo-
terceiro ani...
A Vida de Anne Frank
Quando Hitler
chega ao poder,
em 1933, Anne
tem quase quatro
anos. A família
Frank resolve…
Em 10 de ...
Dois anos escondidos
no Anexo Secreto
Este é Fritz Pfeffer.
Ele era um conhecido
das famílias Frank e
van Pels. Ele também...
???Anne adora ler. Ela lê um
montão de livros no Anexo
Secreto. Às vezes, ela
escreve sobre esses livros
em seu diário.
No...
O que aconteceu
com a família Frank?
Todas as pessoas do esconderijo são presas
pela polícia. O diário de Anne é deixado
p...
Anne não foi a única.....
Houve muito mais crianças judias como Anne Frank.
Nem todas encontraram um lugar para se esconde...
Imagine que você está sentindo uma grande aflição. O que você faz?
Escreva sua resposta neste quadro em branco.
..............
“My father, the most adorable
father I’ve ever seen, didn’t marry
my mother until he was thirty-six
and she was twenty-fiv...
Complete as frases abaixo:
Agora é a sua vez!
Como você se sente quando lê um livro de que você gosta?
Quando leio um livr...
Rapidamente, Anne preenche seu diário. Você sabia
que o diário de Anne não é só um livro, mas também
inclui os cadernos e ...
6
5
Como você lê?
Quando eu leio, geralmente: leio baixinho – leio em voz alta – leio para mim
mesma/o – leio para meu irm...
A leitura e a escrita formam uma boa dupla.
Se você lê bastante, com certeza vai escrever melhor.
Circule os tipos de livr...
A surpresa!
1 Volte para as frases que você já escreveu neste caderno
de atividades. Elas se encontram nas páginas 8 e 10....
Texto
Casa Anne Frank
Lies Schippers
Sanne Verstraete
Realização
Josephine de Man
Inger Schaap
Projeto
Joost Luk
Skepja, P...
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  1. 1. Lendo e escrevendo e Anne Frank Este caderno de atividades pertence a: Caderno de Atividades 1
  2. 2. Oi! Neste caderno de atividades você vai saber mais sobre Anne Frank. Anne é uma garota judia. Em seu décimo- terceiro aniversário, ela ganha um diário. Anne adora ler e escrever. Nesse diário, ela quer registrar as coisas que são importantes para ela. Você quer saber mais sobre a vida dela? Leia mais sobre a vida de Anne Frank na exposição. Não deixe de fazer todas as atividades deste caderno, pois uma agradável surpresa aguarda você no final! No Interior da exposição você vai encontrar tudo sobre os livros prediletos de Anne e os livros que ela mesma escreveu. Na parte externa da exposição você vai ver a linha do tempo. Acima da linha do tempo você vai encontrar informações sobre Anne Frank e a família dela. Abaixo da linha do tempo você vai aprender sobre a história da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Boa Sorte! Este símbolo quer dizer que você deve escrever ou desenhar. Quando aparece este símbolo, você tem algo para ler. Agora vá até a exposição e procure a resposta. Cada atividade deste caderno vem com uma figura. Cada figura mostra um símbolo que explica o que você deve fazer. A figura está sempre na parte superior esquerda.na partena parte superior esquerdana parte Cada atividade deste caderno vem com uma figura. Cada figura mostra um símbolo que explica o que você deve fazer. A figura está sempre superior esquerda.
  3. 3. A Vida de Anne Frank Quando Hitler chega ao poder, em 1933, Anne tem quase quatro anos. A família Frank resolve… Em 10 de maio de 1940… No dia 12 de junho de 1929… Em 6 de julho, a família Frank vai para o esconderijo na Prinsengracht, em Amsterdã. Eles passam mais de ...... anos lá. Dia primeiro de setembro de 1939, a Alemanha invade a Polônia. A Inglaterra e a França reagem e declaram… Comece aqui >> Procure as datas na exposição. Anote as datas e os fatos que aconteceram. 1 Anne leva seu diário para o esconderijo. 1941 1931 1932 1934 1935 19361938 1937 Quando Hitler chega ao poder, em 1933, Anne tem quase quatro anos. A família Frank resolve… Em 10 de maio de 1940… No dia 12 de junho de 1929… Dia primeiro de setembro de 1939, a Alemanha invade a Polônia. A Inglaterra e a França reagem e declaram… Comece aqui >> Procure as datas na exposição. Anote as datas e os fatos que aconteceram. Anne leva seu diário para o esconderijo. 1941 1931 1932 1934 19361938 1937 1929 1930 1933 1939 1940 1942
  4. 4. Dois anos escondidos no Anexo Secreto Este é Fritz Pfeffer. Ele era um conhecido das famílias Frank e van Pels. Ele também precisa se esconder. Fritz divide o quarto com Anne. Anne não gosta muito dessa situação. O quarto é tão pequeno! Há outra família à procura de um lugar seguro para morar. Eles são Hermann e Auguste van Pels, e seu filho Peter. Passados três dias no Anexo Secreto, Anne continua a escrever em seu diário. Ela tem muitas coisas para contar, então escreve: “Aconteceu tanta coisa, que é como se o mundo inteiro tivesse virado de cabeça para baixo. [...]” 2 O que você faria se tivesse que ficar bem quietinha/o durante todo o dia? Se tivesse que falar sussurrando e quase não pudesse andar durante o dia? Desenhe ou escreva nos quadros em branco o nome de três coisas que você levaria consigo para o Anexo Secreto. Desenhe ou escreva nos quadros em branco o nome de três coisas que você levaria consigo para o Anexo Secreto. Eles são HermannEles são HermannEles são HermannEles são Hermann e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels, e seu filho Peter. e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels, Este é Fritz Pfeffer.Este é Fritz Pfeffer. Ele era um conhecido e seu filho Peter.e seu filho Peter. e Auguste van Pels,e Auguste van Pels, e seu filho Peter.e seu filho Peter. van Pels. Ele também Ele era um conhecido Desenhe ou escreva nos quadros em branco Desenhe ou escreva nos quadros em branco
  5. 5. ???Anne adora ler. Ela lê um montão de livros no Anexo Secreto. Às vezes, ela escreve sobre esses livros em seu diário. No outono de 1943, Anne frequentemente sente-se muito triste: “Quando é que essa guerra vai finalmente chegar ao fim?” Miep Gies Bep Voskuijl Johannes Kleiman Victor Kugler No verão de 1943, Anne começa a gostar muito de escrever. Começa a escrever contos. Às vezes, inventa histórias, mas também escreve sobre coisas que aconteceram de verdade no Anexo Secreto. Otto dá uma dica a Anne. Ele sugere que ela copie frases bonitas de livros que já leu. Anne gosta da ideia e começa o seu caderno de Citações Favoritas. 3Lendo e escrevendo no Anexo Secreto ??Otto dá uma dica a Anne. frases bonitas de livros que já leu. Anne gosta da ideia e começa o seu caderno de ?? ! ? !! ? ! ? ! ? ! ? No dia 4 de agosto de1944, a polícia invade oAnexo Secreto e prendetodos os escondidos.Alguém os traiu. Até hoje não se sabe quem foi. As pessoas do esconderijo recebem ajuda de quatro funcionários de Otto. Eles trazem comida e às vezes livros e revistas para o Anexo Secreto. Quais são os ajudantes que levam livros para o esconderijo? Encontre a resposta no interior da exposição! funcionários de Otto. Eles trazem esconderijo recebem ajuda de quatro de Otto. Eles trazemde Otto. Eles trazem Anne adora ler. Ela lê um montão de livros no Anexo Secreto. Às vezes, ela escreve sobre esses livros em seu diário. Miep GiesMiep Gies Bep VoskuijlBep Voskuijl Johannes Kleiman Victor KuglerVictor Kugler em seu diário. Miep GiesMiep Gies Anne adora ler. Ela lê um montão de livros no Anexo Secreto. Às vezes, ela escreve sobre esses livros em seu diário. Johannes KleimanJohannes Kleiman de Otto. Eles trazemde Otto. Eles trazem esconderijo recebem
  6. 6. O que aconteceu com a família Frank? Todas as pessoas do esconderijo são presas pela polícia. O diário de Anne é deixado para trás. Miep Gies resgata o diário de Anne e o guarda para ela. Siga o caminho, vá na direção das setas de 1 a 3. 1 3 2 333 1 2 De lá, são transportadas em trens para o campo de concentração de Auschwitz-Birkenau, na Polônia. Aí, Otto é separado de Anne, Margot e Edith. A seguir, Anne e Margot são levadas para o campo de concentração de Bergen-Belsen, na Alemanha. 1 3 2 Primeiro, as pessoas do esconderijo são levadas para o campo de Westerbork, na Holanda. 4 Anne morre de febre tifoide, uma doença infecciosa, em março de 1945. Sua mãe e sua irmã também morrem. De todas as pessoas do esconderijo, só Otto Frank sobrevive à guerra.
  7. 7. Anne não foi a única..... Houve muito mais crianças judias como Anne Frank. Nem todas encontraram um lugar para se esconder. Nem todas escreveram um diário. Seis milhões de judeus foram mortos na Segunda Guerra Mundial, entre eles 1,5 milhão de crianças. Em 5 de maio de 1945, o exército alemão rende-se. A Holanda é libertada. Quando Otto Frank volta para casa em Amsterdã, Miep Gies lhe entrega o diário de Anne. Otto publica o diário dois anos mais tarde. Anne Frank queria ser escritora. Você acha que seu sonho se tornou realidade? Escreva sua resposta aqui. ................................................................. ................................................................. Porgue .................................................... ................................................................. ................................................................. ................................................................. 761 dias no Anexo Secreto!.... Anne passa 761 dias no Anexo Secreto. Mais de dois anos! Durante esse tempo, ela escreve seu diário, seu livro de contos e seu caderno de Citações Favoritas. Foi assim que ficamos sabendo sobre o que ela teve de enfrentar, o que ela sentia e o que queria ser quando ficasse mais velha. 5
  8. 8. Imagine que você está sentindo uma grande aflição. O que você faz? Escreva sua resposta neste quadro em branco. ....................................................................... ....................................................................... ....................................................................... ....................................................................... O bem mais precioso de Anne é seu diário. Escrever é muito importante para ela. Quando você é obrigada/o a ficar quieta/o e não pode sair, escrever realmente ajuda a desabafar. “A melhor coisa é poder escrever todos os meus pensamentos e sentimentos; do contrário, iria me sufocar.” Anne escreveu isto em16 de março de 1944. O bem mais precioso de Anne 6
  9. 9. “My father, the most adorable father I’ve ever seen, didn’t marry my mother until he was thirty-six and she was twenty-five. My sister Margo was born in Frankfurt am Main in Germany in 1926. I was born on 12 June 1929”. “I started right away at the Montessori nursery school. I stayed there until I was six, at which time I started in the first form”. “Our lives were not without anxiety, since our relatives in Germany were suffering under Hitler‘s anti-Jewish laws”. Anne Frank, a German-Jewish Girl Leaving Germany for Holland Concerned for Family in Germany Wedding picture of Otto Frank and Edith Holländer, 12 May 1925. Three-year-old Margo holding Anne. Frankfurt, Germany, 1929. The Franks are Jewish. They occasionally attend synagogue and celebrate Jewish holidays together. CRISIS In 1929, things in Germany are going badly. There is a worldwide economic crisis. The crisis starts in the United States, but soon spreads to other countries, effecting people in Germany. A politician named Adolph Hitler claims to have the solution to all of Germany’s problems. ADOLF HITLER, LEADER OF GERMANY Hitler and his Nazi Party come to power in 1933. They start discriminating against the Jewish community. Hitler and his generals also start making secret plans for war. HITLER’S RACIAL LAWS Hitler’s government starts introducing racial laws. According to the Nazis, ethnic Germans belong to a type of super race. There is no place in Nazi Germany for Jews, Roma and Sinti, blacks, gays, Slavs or anyone with a disability. Many Germans are out of work and live in poverty. In addition, Germany has debts from the First World War (1914-1918). Germany is forced to pay a lot of money to the victors of the war and has lost part of its territory. Adolph Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers’ Party are anti-Semitic. They hate the Jews and blame them for all of Germany’s problems. Those that join Hitler’s party are called Nazis. Although the Franks feel safe in Amsterdam, they worry about what might happen to their relatives in Germany. Anne’s parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decide to leave Germany. They no longer feel safe there because of the Nazis. In addition, things aren’t going so well for the Frank family bank, where Otto works. 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 This boy’s name is Hans Massaquoi. He lived in Nazi Germany. One day, a teacher told him “Once we’ve finished with the Jews, it’s your turn”. Anne and her friends Eva Goldberg and Sanne Ledermann play on Merwedeplein, in Amsterdam. Children playing with money that has lost all its value. Anne quickly masters Dutch. There are also other German-Jew ish children in her class. “I lived in Frankfurt until I was four. Because we‘re Jewish, my father emigrated to Holland in 1933, when he became the Managing Director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam…Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, where I was plonked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot”. Otto’s company sells a preparation called Opekta, which is used in making homemade jam. Those are happy years for Anne and Margo. They adore their father, who can tell the best stories. “Papa with his offspring” is the caption Anne later gives this picture in her album. 1929 father, the most adorable I’ve ever seen, didn’t marry mother until he was thirty-six he was twenty-five. My sister rgo was born in Frankfurt am ain in Germany in 1926. I was born on 12 June 1929”. “I started right away at the Montessori nursery school. I stayed there until I was six, at which time I started in the first form”. “Our lives were not without anxiety, since our relatives in Germany were suffering under Hitler‘s anti-Jewish laws”. k, a ewish Girl Leaving Germany for Holland Concerned for Family in Germany rank and 25. Three-year-old Margo holding Anne. Frankfurt, Germany, 1929. The Franks are Jewish. They occasionally attend synagogue and celebrate Jewish holidays together. CRISIS In 1929, things in Germany are going badly. There is a worldwide economic crisis. The crisis starts in the United States, but soon spreads to other countries, effecting people in Germany. A politician named Adolph Hitler claims to have the solution to all of Germany’s problems. ADOLF HITLER, LEADER OF GERMANY Hitler and his Nazi Party come to power in 1933. They start discriminating against the Jewish community. Hitler and his generals also start making secret plans for war. HITLER’S RACIAL LAWS Hitler’s government starts introducing racial laws. According to the Nazis, ethnic Germans belong to a type of super race. There is no place in Nazi Germany for Jews, Roma and Sinti, blacks, gays, Slavs or anyone with a disability. Many Germans are out of work and live in poverty. In addition, Germany has debts from the First World War (1914-1918). Germany is forced to pay a lot of money to the victors of the war and has lost part of its territory. Adolph Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers’ Party are anti-Semitic. They hate the Jews and blame them for all of Germany’s problems. Those that join Hitler’s party are called Nazis. Although the Franks feel safe in Amsterdam, they worry about what might happen to their relatives in Germany. Anne’s parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decide to leave Germany. They no longer feel safe there because of the Nazis. In addition, things aren’t going so well for the Frank family bank, where Otto works. 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 This boy’s name is Hans Massaquoi. He lived in Nazi Germany. One day, a teacher told him “Once we’ve finished with the Jews, it’s your turn”. Anne and her friends Eva Goldberg and Sanne Ledermann play on Merwedeplein, in Amsterdam. Children playing with money that has lost all its value. Anne quickly masters Dutch. There are also other German-Jew ish children in her class. “I lived in Frankfurt until I was four. Because we‘re Jewish, my father emigrated to Holland in 1933, when he became the Managing Director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam…Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, where I was plonked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot”. Otto’s company sells a preparation called Opekta, which is used in making homemade jam. Those are happy years for Anne and Margo. They adore their father, who can tell the best stories. “Papa with his offspring” is the caption Anne later gives this picture in her album. 1929 The Annexe Betrayal Franks Go into Hiding The Helpers INTO HIDING Many Jews attempt to escape the Nazis by going into hiding. But this is not as easy at it sounds. This family uses an underground shelter as a hiding-place. THE DUTCH FAMINE 1943 1944 1942 The liberation of Holland from German occupation comes too late for the Franks. The Secret Annexe inhabitants are betrayed by an informant, whose identity would never be established. They are arrested by SS Officer Karl Josef Silberbauer. Within a week, the three members of the Van Pels family join the Franks in the Annexe. In November, Fritz Pfeffer is the eighth member to join the group in hiding. He is a Jewish acquaintance of the two families. Hitler and the Nazis secretly decide to kill all the Jews in Europe. They build extermination camps, a type of concentration camp that has been specially designed to kill people efficiently. Jews are transported to these camps by train. None of them know what fate awaits them. In the winter of 1944-1945, twenty-thousand people die of starvation and cold in the Netherlands. Conditions are at their worst in big cities, where there is almost no food left. The Secret Annexe inhabitants are aided by Miep Gies (L), Bep Voskuijl, (R), Victor Kugler (L) and Johannes Kleiman. They are the only company employees to know that the Franks are in hiding. In addition, Miep’s husband Jan Gies and Bep’s father Johan Voskuijl know about the Secret Annexe inhabitants. “Not being able to go outside upsets me more than I can say, and I‘m terrified our hiding place will be discovered and that we’ll be shot. That, of course, is a fairly dismal prospect”. “Is this really the beginning of the… liberation? The liberation we‘ve all talked so much about, which still seems too good, too much of a fairy tale ever to come true? Will this year, 1944, bring us victory?” “Hiding…where would we hide? ...When, where, how…? ... Preoccupied by the thought of going into hiding, I stuck the craziest things in the satchel, but I‘m not sorry. Memories mean more to me than dresses”. This is probably the last picture taken of Anne and Margot. Bep Voskuijl’s father constructs a special movable bookcase in order to hide the entrance to the Annexe. Otto used this map to keep track of the advance of the Allied Forces in France. Olympiaplein in Amsterdam, 20 June 1943. Children receiving food at a soup kitchen. The majority of Allied troops were American, British, Russian, French, Canadian and Polish. Pictured here are British soldiers. People who do not know about the Secret Annexe inhabitants continue to work in the Opekta warehouse. The communal living and dining area. The room also serves as a bedroom for Hermann and Auguste Van Pels. Anne and Fritz Pfeffer’s (Fritz Dussel’s) room. Otto and Edith keep a record track of how much their daughters have grown during the period they were in hiding while in the Annexe. Over the course of two years, Anne grows around thirteen centimetres and Margot around five. The Frank family’s hiding-place, the Annexe behind Otto’s company headquarters. 6 July 1942 The Franks go into hiding in the empty rear area, known as the Annexe, located behind Otto Frank’s company. Jewish children in Westerbork Camp. Jewish mothers and children being sent to the gas chamber. On the platform at Auschwitz-Birkenau station, Nazi doctors examine people to see who is able to work and who isn’t. 8 August 1944 The Franks, Van Pelses and Fritz Pfeffer are transported by train to Westerbork, a transit camp in the Netherlands. 3 September 1944 The Secret Annexe inhabitants are placed on the last transport to concentration and extermination camp Auschwitz in occupied Poland. Otto is separated from Edith, Margot and Anne. 1 October 1944 Anne and Margot Frank are transferred to Bergen-Belsen, another camp in Germany. Otto and Edith are kept at Auschwitz. Otto Frank is the only former resident of t war. On the long journey from Auschwitz back to Amst finds out that his wife and children are dead. Miep Gies gives him Anne’s diary, which she found after the family’s arrest and had kept all that time. Otto decides to publish the diary. In 1947, Contact Publishing Company publishes Anne’s diary as “The Annexe”, a title that Anne had thought of herself. The diary has since been published in over 70 languages worldwide. “…will I ever become a j or writer? I hope so, oh, very much, because wri me to record everythi thoughts, ideals and Hermann Miep Gies Bep Voskuijl Johannes Kleiman Victor Kugler Fritz Auguste Peter Hermann, Auguste and Peter Van Pels. In Anne’s diary they are known as the Van Daans. Fritz Pfeffer. In Anne’s diary he is known as Albert Dussel. 5 September 1944 Mad Tuesday. The Allied Forces are advancing towards the Netherlands. Celebrations break out everywhere – but the Dutch rejoice too soon. The liberation doesn’t end up going as swiftly as expected. Despite high hopes, most of the Netherlands remains under German occupation for months and the day comes to be known as ‘Mad Tuesday’. The southern part of the Netherlands is liberated a few weeks later, but a severe winter awaits the north. 5 May 1945 The Netherlands is liberated on 5 May 1945. The diary has since been published in over 70 languages wor 6 June 1944 Allied troops landing on the coast of Normandy in France. The Allies want to liberate the occupied countries of Europe. That day would come to be known as D-Day. The people in hiding At Home in the Netherlands Sent to a Jewish School After the Nazi invasion, anti-Jewish laws are also introduced in the Netherlands. Anne and Margot are forced to attend a Jewish Secondary School in Amsterdam, segregated from their non-Jewish peers. A Call-Up THE NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS In Germany, the Nazis strike out violently against the Jewish population. On the night of 9 November 1938, they loot Jewish shops and destroy synagogues. The night would come to be known as Kristallnacht or the Night of Broken Glass. In the days that follow, the Nazis round up 30,000 Jewish men and transport them to concentration camps. ANTI-JEWISH LAWS In 1941, all beaches and public parks become prohibited areas for Jews. THE YELLOW STAR As of May 1942, all Jews in the Netherlands above the age of 6 are required to wear a yellow Star of David with the word “Jew” on their clothing. This allowed the Nazis to quickly identify who was Jewish and who was not. Jewish men are rounded up and sent off to the East. Nobody knows what is going to happen to them. The Nazis start carrying out raids, which means that they close off a street or neighbourhood and search every house. 1937 1939 1940 1938 1941 1942 A synagogue in flames on Kristallnacht. Frankfurt. November 1938. Anne (second from left) with friends, July 1937. Anne and Margot feel at home in their new country. They have fun playing with new friends and their parents often take them to the beach. Otto Frank’s firm relocates to Prinsengracht 263. Because he is Jewish, Otto is not permitted to own a business and he hands his company over to Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman. From then on, it is called Gies & Co. Otto tells Johannes Kleiman and Victor Kugler of his plans to go into hiding. He also later confides in his secretaries Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl. When Otto asks for help, Miep Gies immediately answers by saying “Of course”, even though she is putting herself in grave danger by doing so. The Nazis severely punish those who are caught assisting Jews. Anne is in grade 5 / year 7 at the Montessori school. The Franks in front of their house on Merwedeplein. “After May 1940, the good times were few and far between: first there was the war, then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans, which is when the trouble started for the Jews”. Victor Kugler Bep Voskuijl Miep Santrouschitz (Gies) 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland. England and France declare war on Hitler. This is the start of war in Europe. Hitler promises not to invade the Netherlands, but many people, especially Holland’s Jewish population, fear he will not keep his word. 10 May 1940 The German army invades Holland, despite Hitler’s promise. After five days of fighting, the Germans bomb Rotterdam and the Dutch army surrenders. 25 February 1941 The February Strike: In February, the Nazis round up 427 Jewish men and transport them to concentration camps. Many people in Amsterdam strike in order to protest against the Nazis’ actions. The Nazis strike the protesters down with extreme violence. “Afterthepogromsin1938,mytwo uncles(mymother’sbrothers)fled Germany,findingsaferefugeinNorth America.Myelderlygrandmother cametolivewithus”. “Our freedom was severely restricted by a series of anti-Jewish decrees: Jews were required to wear a yellow star; Jews were required to turn in their bicycles; Jews were forbidden to use trams; […] “I was stunned. A call-up: everyone knows what that means. Visions of concentration camps and lonely cells raced through my head”. 5 July1942 Margot receives a call-up notice from the SS. She has to go to a labour camp in Nazi Germany. Her parents decide to go into hiding. At Home in the Netherlands Sent to a Jewis School After the Nazi invasion, anti-Jewish laws are also introduced in the Netherlands. Anne and Margot are forced to attend a Jewish Secondary School in Amsterdam, segregated from their non-Jewish peers. THE NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS In Germany, the Nazis strike out violently against the Jewish population. On the night of 9 November 1938, they loot Jewish shops and destroy synagogues. The night would come to be known as Kristallnacht or the Night of Broken Glass. In the days that follow, the Nazis round up 30,000 Jewish men and transport them to concentration camps. ANTI-JEWISH LAWS In 1941, all beaches and public parks become prohibited areas for Jews. THE YELLO As of May 1942, all Jews in the N age of 6 are required to wear a y the word “Jew” on their clothin to quickly identify who was Je Jewish men are rounded up and sent off to the East. Nobody knows what is going to happen to them. The Nazis start carrying out raids, which means that they close off a street or neighbourhood and search every house. 1937 1939 1940 1938 1941 1942 A synagogue in flames on Kristallnacht. Frankfurt. November 1938. Anne (second from left) with friends, July 1937. Anne and Margot feel at home in their new country. They have fun playing with new friends and their parents often take them to the beach. Otto Frank’s firm relocates to Prinsengracht 263. Because he is Jewish, Otto is not permitted to own a business and he hands his company over to Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman. From then on, it is called Gies & Co. Otto tells Johannes Kleima Kugler of his plans to go in also later confides in his s Gies and Bep Voskuijl. W for help, Miep Gies imme by saying “Of course”, e putting herself in grave so. The Nazis severely are caught assisting J Anne is in grade 5 / year 7 at the Montessori school. The Franks in front of their house on Merwedeplein. “After May 1940, the good times were few and far between: first there was the war, then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans, which is when the trouble started for the Jews”. Victor Kugler Bep Voskuijl Miep Santrouschitz (Gies) 1 September 1939 Germany invades Poland. England and France declare war on Hitler. This is the start of war in Europe. Hitler promises not to invade the Netherlands, but many people, especially Holland’s Jewish population, fear he will not keep his word. 10 May 1940 The German army invades Holland, despite Hitler’s promise. After five days of fighting, the Germans bomb Rotterdam and the Dutch army surrenders. 25 February 1941 The February Strike: In February, the Nazis round up 427 Jewish men and transport them to concentration camps. Many people in Amsterdam strike in order to protest against the Nazis’ actions. The Nazis strike the protesters down with extreme violence. “Afterthepogromsin1938,mytwo uncles(mymother’sbrothers)fled Germany,findingsaferefugeinNorth America.Myelderlygrandmother cametolivewithus”. “Our freedom was severely restricted by a series of anti-Jewish decrees: Jews were required to wear a yellow star; Jews were required to turn in their bicycles; Jews were forbidden to use trams; […] “I was stunned. A call-up everyone knows what th means. Visions of concentr camps and lonely cells ra through my head”. 5 July1942 Margot receives a call-up notice from the SS. She has to go to a labour camp in Nazi Germany. Her parents decide to go into hiding. “I started right away at the Montessori nursery school. I stayed there until I was six, at which time I started in the first form”. “Our lives were not without anxiety, since our relatives in Germany were suffering under Hitler‘s anti-Jewish laws”. Leaving Germany for Holland Concerned for Family in Germany ADOLF HITLER, LEADER OF GERMANY Hitler and his Nazi Party come to power in 1933. They start discriminating against the Jewish community. Hitler and his generals also start making secret plans for war. HITLER’S RACIAL LAWS Hitler’s government starts introducing racial laws. According to the Nazis, ethnic Germans belong to a type of super race. There is no place in Nazi Germany for Jews, Roma and Sinti, blacks, gays, Slavs or anyone with a disability. Many Germans are out of work and live in poverty. In addition, Germany has debts from the First World War (1914-1918). Germany is forced to pay a lot of money to the victors of the war and has lost part of its territory. Adolph Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers’ Party are anti-Semitic. They hate the Jews and blame them for all of Germany’s problems. Those that join Hitler’s party are called Nazis. Although the Franks feel safe in Amsterdam, they worry about what might happen to their relatives in Germany. Anne’s parents, Otto and Edith Frank, decide to leave Germany. They no longer feel safe there because of the Nazis. In addition, things aren’t going so well for the Frank family bank, where Otto works. 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 This boy’s name is Hans Massaquoi. He lived in Nazi Germany. One day, a teacher told him “Once we’ve finished with the Jews, it’s your turn”. Anne and her friends Eva Goldberg and Sanne Ledermann play on Merwedeplein, in Amsterdam. s value. Anne quickly masters Dutch. There are also other German-Jew ish children in her class. “I lived in Frankfurt until I was four. Because we‘re Jewish, my father emigrated to Holland in 1933, when he became the Managing Director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam…Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, where I was plonked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot”. Otto’s company sells a preparation called Opekta, which is used in making homemade jam. Those are happy years for Anne and Margo. They adore their father, who can tell the best stories. “Papa with his offspring” is the caption Anne later gives this picture in her album. CRISIS In 1929, things in Germany are going badly. There is a worldwide economic crisis. The crisis starts in the United States, but soon spreads to other countries, effecting people in Germany. A politician named Adolph Hitler claims to have the solution to all of Germany’s problems. Children playing with money that has lost all its value. 1929 ADOLF HITLER, LEADER OF GERMANY Hitler and his Nazi Party come to power in 1933. They start discriminating against the Jewish community. Hitler and his generals also start making secret plans for war. 1933 ANTI-JEWISH LAWS In 1941, all beaches and public parks become prohibited areas for Jews. 1941 The February Strike: In February, the Nazis THE NIGHT OF BROKEN GLASS In Germany, the Nazis strike out violently against the Jewish population. On the night of 9 November 1938, they loot Jewish shops and destroy synagogues. The night would come to be known as Kristallnacht or the Night of Broken Glass. In the days that follow, the Nazis round up 30,000 Jewish men and transport them to concentration camps. 1938 HITLER’S RACIAL LAWS Hitler’s government starts introducing racial laws. According to the Nazis, ethnic Germans belong to a type of super race. There is no place in Nazi Germany for Jews, Roma and Sinti, blacks, gays, Slavs or anyone with a disability. 1935 This boy’s name is Hans Massaquoi. 1 Circule uma destas palavras: 2 Procure esta palavra na exposição. 3 A que ano corresponde a sua palavra? ....... batida policial esconderijo estrela amarela Vá para a parte de fora da exposição A que ano corresponde a sua palavra?A que ano corresponde a sua palavra?A que ano corresponde a sua palavra? 7 In the winter of 1944-1945, twenty-thousand people die of starvation and cold in the Netherlands. Conditions are at their worst in big cities, where there is almost no food left. Children receiving food at a soup kitchen. Jewish men are rounded up and sent off to the East. Nobody knows what is going to happen to them. The Nazis start carrying out raids, which means that they close off a street or neighbourhood and search every house. Hitler and his Nazi Party come to power in 1933. They start discriminating against the Jewish community. Hitler and his generals also start making secret plans for war. Jewish men are rounded up and sent off to the East. Nobody knows what is going to happen to them. The Nazis start carrying out raids, which means that they close off a street or neighbourhood and search every house. A synagogue in flames on Kristallnacht. Frankfurt. November 1938. There is no place in Nazi Germany for Jews, Roma and Sinti, blacks, gays, Slavs or anyone with a disability. This boy’s name is Hans Massaquoi. He lived in Nazi Germany. One day, a teacher told him “Once we’ve finished with the Jews, it’s your turn”. Explique com suas próprias palavras o que a sua palavra quer dizer. ....................................................................... .......................................................................
  10. 10. Complete as frases abaixo: Agora é a sua vez! Como você se sente quando lê um livro de que você gosta? Quando leio um livro ................................................. ....................................................................... ....................................................................... Que tipo de histórias você mais gosta? Prefiro ler meu livro: .................................................. ....................................................................... ....................................................................... Na cama – no gramado - no sofá - numa poltrona - .... Como você se sente quando lê um livro de que você gosta? ................................................. ................................................................ 2 e 8 .................................................. ................................................................ 3 8
  11. 11. Rapidamente, Anne preenche seu diário. Você sabia que o diário de Anne não é só um livro, mas também inclui os cadernos e as folhas soltas? Anne também escreve um livro de contos. Às vezes, copia lindas frases de outros livros para seu Caderno de Citações Favoritas. copia lindas frases de outros livros para seu Caderno de Citações Favoritas. Procure na exposição uma história sobre uma pulga. Leia o resto da história e escreva um final. Ontem peguei uma na parte mais alta de minha perna; dez minutos mais tarde, outra mais embaixo, e à noite, na cama de Dussel, havia outra correndo pela minha perna.” Ela escapou pelos meus dedos, esses animaizinhos são rápidos demais [...] catei ela e .......................................................... ....................................................................... ....................................................................... ....................................................................... Não é só um livro 9 Vá para o interior da exposição
  12. 12. 6 5 Como você lê? Quando eu leio, geralmente: leio baixinho – leio em voz alta – leio para mim mesma/o – leio para meu irmãozinho ou irmãzinha ....................................................................... ....................................................................... Quando você mais gosta de ler? ....................................................................... ....................................................................... Anne lê muitos livros no Anexo Secreto. O que foi que Anne escreveu? 1 ....................................................................... 2 ....................................................................... 3 ....................................................................... ................................................................ ................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ 66 ................................................................ ................................................................ 5 leio baixinho – leio em voz alta – leio para mim ................................................................ ................................................................ 10
  13. 13. A leitura e a escrita formam uma boa dupla. Se você lê bastante, com certeza vai escrever melhor. Circule os tipos de livros que você mais lê: Ou então: Não leio livros, mas gosto de ler: .......................................... ................... ............................................................. livros de aventura livros sobre animais livros de contos de fada livros sobre esportes livros românticos livros sobre o universo livros aterrorizantes livros de história livros engraçados Seu livro favorito 11 Circule os tipos de livros que você mais lê: livros de aventura livros sobre animais livros de contos de fada livros sobre esportes livros românticos livros sobre o universo livros aterrorizantes livros de história livros engraçados Procure um lugar confortável para você escrever
  14. 14. A surpresa! 1 Volte para as frases que você já escreveu neste caderno de atividades. Elas se encontram nas páginas 8 e 10. 2 Encontre o número no círculo colorido. 3 Copie todas as frases abaixo. Tenha o cuidado de escrevê-las no lugar certo! Número 2 na linha 2, número 8 na linha 8, e assim por diante. 1 Quando leio meu livro 2 .......................................................................... 3 .......................................................................... 4 Quando leio meu livro 5 .......................................................................... 6 .......................................................................... 7 Quando leio meu livro 8 .......................................................................... 2 5 8 3 6 12 Querido(a) escritor(a), Você compôs um rondó, um poema de oito versos. Copie tudo na página seguinte. Muito bem!!! Você é um(a) verdadeiro(a) poeta! Você compôs um rondó, um poema de oito versos. Copie tudo na página seguinte. Muito bem!!! Você é um(a) verdadeiro(a) poeta! Querido(a) escritor(a),
  15. 15. Texto Casa Anne Frank Lies Schippers Sanne Verstraete Realização Josephine de Man Inger Schaap Projeto Joost Luk Skepja, Pieter Mineur Fotografia Juul Hondius Revisão Mans Kuipers Tradução Plataforma Brasil Holanda Marilucia Hoogendoorn Direitos Autorais Fotos de família © Anne Frank Stichting, Amsterdã/Fundo Anne Frank, Basileia Texto Anne Frank © Fundo Anne Frank, Basileia © Juul Hondius fotografia Ficha Técnica

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