Aging is the terminal stage of
one’s life ,which is accompanied
with decreasing energy and body
resources and with infirmities
due to the decaying and waking
of one’s bodily organs, such
infirmities of the aging process
have always been present
among the older people.
3. Meaning of Aged
The bouncing between middle age and oldage cannot be defined
exactly because it shifts according to context and to society.
peoples can be considered old because of certain changes in
their activities or social roles.
The aged in India was considered to be of 55 years the age of
superannuating when the employees retired from service
Subsequently it was raised 58 years but according to prof. W.L.
Wahi, former Director ,postgraduate institute of research and
medical sciences, chandigarh ,with the medical service having
gone up, there is a demand that the govt should raise the
mandatory retirement age from 58 to 60 years”
4. Historical situation of Aged person
Once the aged commanded great respect due to the
traditional norms and values of Indian society..
Historically the aged were taken care properly by their
They were the heads of the households and played a
dominant role in decision making..
In the rural societies they were the patriarchs and
executive head of the household, they were also control the
budget of the family….
Aged people were consulted not only in the family matters
by the members of the family but also in village affairs by
6. How its become a social issue
The industrialization, urbanization and nuclearization
of family have rendered the aged as social problem.
The aged are treated as a problem because they are
not productive and earning member of family.
The fast growing economy and standard of life, the
family is not able to meet the needs of their children,
Therefore the aged being neglected in the family.
7. Present situation of aged person
The institution of joint family has started disintegrating rapid change in
Social structure and economy resulting from industrialization and
urbanization the tradition is change…
The attitude of younger is now become more individualistic and
unquestioned regard for authority and respect to the elder is vanishing.
On the other hand, the elderly people find it difficult to adjust with their
own sons and daughter because of the generation gap and their rare
The result of such situations yield the feelings in the new generation
that elders are become a torture and develop their opinion that they are
8. WALFARE OF AGED
Old age is considered as a social problem and many
national and international organization working for
the welfare of aged….
Even state and central government has taken steps
to provide some facilities to the aged, who are above
There are many programs being organized by
different agencies to give awareness towards the
situation of aged in society.
9. Problems of aged
Economic and Financial Problem
Health and medical care
Familial and Emotional problem
10. Senior Citizens in India: Constitutional Benefits and Facilities
Article 41 of Indian Constitution deals with the
State’s role in providing social security to the
aged. According to this article, "the State shall,
within the limits of its economic capacity and
development, make effective provision for
securing the right to work, to education and to
public assistance in case of unemployment,
OLD AGE, sickness and disablement and in
other cases of undeserved want":
11. Central, State and Ministry responsible for the
welfare of the aged
National policy on older
National Council for Older
Old age and income
National Old Age Pension
12. National Council for Older Persons
A National Council for Older Persons (NCOP) has been constituted
by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to
operationalise the National Policy on Older Persons. The basic
objectives of the NCOP are to…
Advice the Government on policies and programmes for older
Provide feedback to the Government on the implementation of the
National Policy on Older Persons as well as on specific programme
initiatives for older persons….
Provide lobby for concessions, rebates and discounts for older
persons both with the Government as well as with the corporate
• Represent the collective opinion of older persons to the
Suggest steps to make old age productive and interesting…
Suggest measures to enhance the quality of inter-generational
Undertake any other work or activity in the best interest of older
14. National policy on older persons
The Government of India announced a National Policy on Older
Persons in January, 1999. This policy provides a broad framework for
inter- sectoral collaboration and cooperation.
The policy has identified a number of areas of intervention -- financial
security, healthcare and nutrition, shelter, education, welfare, protection
of life and property etc. for the wellbeing of older persons in the country.
While recognizing the need for promoting productive ageing, the policy
also emphasizes the importance of family in providing vital non formal
social security for older persons.
To facilitate implementation of the policy, the participation of Panchayati
Raj Institutions, State Governments and different Departments of the
Government of India is envisaged with coordinating responsibility
resting with the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
15. Old age social and income security
The Ministry has also launched a project called "Old Age
Social and Income Security (OASIS)".
The first report of the Committee and the existing income
security instruments available to older persons have been
The recommendations of the Committee are being examined
by the Ministry of Finance for further action.
Meanwhile, Phase II of the project is looking at the pension
and gratuity schemes of the central government and old age
pension provided under National Social Assistance
16. National Old Age Pension (NOAP) Scheme
o Under National Old Age Pension Scheme, Central Assistance is
available on fulfillment of the following criteria
1> The age of the applicant (male or female) should be 65 years
2>The applicant must be a destitute in the sense that he/she has
no regular means of subsistence from his/her own source of
income or through financial support from family members or
o The amount of old age pension is Rs 75 per month.
o This scheme is implemented in the State and Union Territories
through Panchayats and Municipalities
18. HELP AGE INDIA
Help age India was established in 1978 on the
pattern of help the aged society of England. It is
working nation wide for the cause and care of the
aged people. It is creating awareness among the
young generation about the needs and importance of
aged in the society. It also conducts various events,
competitions, debates for the aged. Help age India
also provide training for those voluntary organization,
who are engaged in old care program.
19. AGE CARE INDIA
Age care is a secular organization which is registered as a
Its India’s leading health care company which believes in
giving support to the old age people, physically challenged
person and families. It effectively makes you independent
by providing their excellent service at your door step.
Age Care India brings a timely checkup facility to your
doorstep to solve all the health related problems. This
company effectively saves your families from trauma and
financial distress as well.
20. OLD AGE HOMES
The central/state government, municipal bodies, voluntary
organization and senior citizen welfare association have
set-up homes for the aged…
Old age homes provides them residential facilities and all
other needs like entertainment, Physical and mental activity
instructor and place.
Old age homes provide all the convenience and comfort to
combat their loneliness and to contact and interaction with
There are 300 something Old age homes in
India, which are mostly in urban areas.
21. Other policies, facilities, allowances & benefits
Pension and family pension
Income Tax Rebate (Section 88B of Finance Act, 1992)
Deduction in respect of medical treatment
Magazines for the elderly
22. Remedies could be taken
Reasonable amount o old-age pension to be suitably steepen.
Concession in the medical treatment cost in government
hospitals and dispensaries and provision of special wards of 2
Housing facilities in the form of homes and arrangement of home
Recreation facilities to relief them of the burden of loneliness etc.
To extend them usual courtesy as a mark of respect and regard
for them which will go a long way in making them feel they are
honourable and much care foe senior citizen.
One of the biggest social problem is faced how to care
for elders when those elders are no longer able to live
independently. Welfare figure out numerous different
strategies for handling eldercare needs. As part of the
process of finding eldercare solutions, they must
consider many different factors, including finding ways to
assess elders' needs, locating care resources that can
address these needs, and managing financial and legal
considerations associated with transitioning elders into
care arrangements. After locating appropriate care, they
must help support their elders and themselves through
the stressful process of transitioning into care.