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MELE
HWST 107
MELE
• Song/chant form of kaʻao/moʻolelo
• Mele are more poetic in form and has more
technical components than kaʻao/moʻol...
TYPES OF MELE
•

2 main categories
1) Mele oli: mele meant to be chanted or recited,
unaccompanied by any instrument
2) Me...
LILI`U Ē:
A MELE INOA
Lili`u ē noho nani mai
Ko kino e ki`i milimili

Oh Lili`u sitting so beautifully
Your person we fond...
MANU ʻŌʻŌ:
A MELE HOʻOIPOIPO
‘O ka manu ʻōʻō i mālama
A he nani kou hulu ke lei ʻia
Mūkī kī ana ʻoe i ka pua lehua
Kāhea a...
KO MAʻI HŌʻEUʻEU:
A MELE MAʻI
Ko maʻi hōʻeuʻeu
Hōʻekepue ana ʻoe
Hōʻike i ka mea nui
‘O Hālala i ka nuku manu

Your lively...
I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KE OLA,
I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KA MAKE
(In the word there is life; in the word there is death)

• Traditional Hawai...
I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KE OLA,
I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KA MAKE
(In the word there is life; in the word there is death)

• As in moʻolelo an...
KAONA
• The mana (spiritual power or life force) of a mele lies
in its intended, but often concealed, references to a
pers...
SYMBOLISM
• References to fern, flowers, wind and rain are
typically symbolic of sweethearts
• Water and rain are also sym...
COMMON COMPONENTS FOUND IN MELE
•

Imagery
– Vivid descriptions used to produce mental pictures
– Descriptive language tha...
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Mele

  1. 1. MELE HWST 107
  2. 2. MELE • Song/chant form of kaʻao/moʻolelo • Mele are more poetic in form and has more technical components than kaʻao/moʻolelo such as imagery, metaphor, simile
  3. 3. TYPES OF MELE • 2 main categories 1) Mele oli: mele meant to be chanted or recited, unaccompanied by any instrument 2) Mele hula: mele intended for dance and/or musical/instrumental accompaniment • There are many different types of mele that fall into these categories (according to its purpose), including, but not limited to those listed below: – – – Mele inoa: a name chant honoring a god, chief or individual Mele hoʻoipoipo: love songs Mele maʻi: song in honor of a genitals (typically composed for a chief upon his/her birth)
  4. 4. LILI`U Ē: A MELE INOA Lili`u ē noho nani mai Ko kino e ki`i milimili Oh Lili`u sitting so beautifully Your person we fondly touch Ko maka e nōweo nei Ko pāpālina e kukū ana Your eyes sparkle Your cheeks stand out Ko po`ohiwi ani pe`ahi Ko poli e nahenahe wale Your shoulders wave like a fan Your bosom is so soft Ko kuli e nuku moi `oe Ko wāwae pahu a`e i luna Your knees are like the snout of a moi fish Your feet are lifted up Hā`ina `ia mai ana ka puana Lili`u ē noho nani mai Tell the refrain Of Lili`u sitting so beautifully E ō e Lili`u i kou inoa Ka hae kalaunu o Hawai`i nei Answer Lili`u to your name The crowning glory of Hawai`i Lili`u ē is a mele inoa for Queen Lili`uokalani, the last reigning monarch of Hawai`i. It is said to be composed by Antone Kaoʻo as a way to express his loyalty and aloha for Queen Lili`uokalani.
  5. 5. MANU ʻŌʻŌ: A MELE HOʻOIPOIPO ‘O ka manu ʻōʻō i mālama A he nani kou hulu ke lei ʻia Mūkī kī ana ʻoe i ka pua lehua Kāhea ana ʻoe i ka nui manu Hui Hō mai, ʻoni mai Ko aloha ma nēia Kī hene lehua Precious honey eater Your feathers are woven into a beautiful lei You sip lehua blossoms And call out to other birds Chorus Come, fly hither To your beloved lehua cluster No Hilo e ka ua Kanilehua Popohe lehua ai Hanakahi Hoʻokahi aʻu mea nui aia ʻoe ʻO kou aloha ua hiki mai You are from Hilo of the Kanilehua rain Shapely is the lehua at Hanakahi The one that I desire is you Your lover has come In this mele, the girl is compared to the manu ʻōʻō, a bird whose feathers were prized for featherwork. The lover likens himself to the lehua blossoms.
  6. 6. KO MAʻI HŌʻEUʻEU: A MELE MAʻI Ko maʻi hōʻeuʻeu Hōʻekepue ana ʻoe Hōʻike i ka mea nui ‘O Hālala i ka nuku manu Your lively maʻi That you are hiding Show the big thing Hālala to the many birds ‘O ka hana ia o Hālala Ka hapapai kī kala Aʻe a ka lawe aʻe ʻoe A i pono iho o Hālala What Hālala does Raise the hips And take you Right below Hālala Ko maʻi hoʻolalahū I kai ʻale pūnana mele ‘O ka hope ʻoi iho ai A i pehu ai ko nuku Your maʻi swells Sea swells a nest of songs And finally Your swollen mouth Ua pā kīʻ aha paha Ke noenoe mai nei Hāʻina mai ka puana ‘O Hālala i ka nuku manu Take a drink perhaps Foggy then Tell the refrain Of Hālala and the many birds This is a mele maʻi that was composed shortly after the birth of the honoree, King Kal ākaua. His ma ʻi is named Hālala, meaning ‘overly large.’ It is a lively and fun mele that speaks of the importance of the sexual aspects of life for procreation.
  7. 7. I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KE OLA, I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KA MAKE (In the word there is life; in the word there is death) • Traditional Hawaiians recognize the power of words. • Words, phrases and metaphors are selected with deliberate care as some words have double meanings – For example, the palani (fish) has a very strong odor. If it is mentioned in a mele, it may refer to someone who is very strong smelling
  8. 8. I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KE OLA, I KA ‘ŌLELO NŌ KA MAKE (In the word there is life; in the word there is death) • As in moʻolelo and kaʻao, the names used in mele are chosen carefully • Please note that the Hawaiian people had specific names for wind and rain of certain areas – Kanilehua rain of Hilo – Kī puʻupuʻu wind and rain of Waimea – ʻĀ paʻapaʻa wind of Kohala, etc. • They also named trees and rocks of legendary importance, ocean currents, etc.
  9. 9. KAONA • The mana (spiritual power or life force) of a mele lies in its intended, but often concealed, references to a person, place or thing. Hawaiians often weave deep meanings into poetic patterns of words. • Kaona is the term used to describe the subtext -- the hidden or veiled meaning -which adds to the power and effect of the words. • Its double meaning can bring good or bad fortune. • It is often used to express great depths of feeling. • Only the composer knows the kaona, or true meaning/intent of the mele
  10. 10. SYMBOLISM • References to fern, flowers, wind and rain are typically symbolic of sweethearts • Water and rain are also symbolic of life, fertility, growth, grief and hardships • Rain, storms and cold are often symbolic of hardship and trouble
  11. 11. COMMON COMPONENTS FOUND IN MELE • Imagery – Vivid descriptions used to produce mental pictures – Descriptive language that evokes sensory experience – Metaphors and similes are forms of imagery • Metaphor – A direct comparison between two seemingly unrelated subjects – ie: You are my sunshine Her face is a garden • Simile – Comparison using “like” or “as” – ie: He sings like a canary Her eyes are as bright as the stars
  • MarvinLikoPuha

    Sep. 29, 2016

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