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Indicators for Monitoring Implementation of a National Human Rights Plan

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Dan O'Donnell

Publicada em: Governo e ONGs
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Indicators for Monitoring Implementation of a National Human Rights Plan

  1. 1. Indicators for Monitoring Implementation of a National Human Rights Plan Dan O’Donnell Consultant, UNDP Kyiv, 20 September 2016
  2. 2. Human Rights Indicator Specific information on … an object, event, activity or outcome that … can be used to assess and monitor the promotion and implementation of human rights.
  3. 3. Reasons to systematically collect data on human rights 1. To prepare a situation analysis, identify objectives and the measures needed to achieve them, and mobilize resources 2. To make the assessment of human rights issues more objective 3. To make communication about human rights “more concrete and effective” 4. To create a culture of accountability and transparency”.
  4. 4. Kinds of indicators  Qualitative(narrative) or Quantitative (statistics)  Fact-based (objective) or judgement-based (subjective)  Structural  Process  Outcome/impact
  5. 5. Sources for the development of indicators  administrative data collected for internal use  data sent to international databanks  reporting guidelines UN treaty monitoring bodies  recommendations of UN/EU bodies to Ukraine  texts of international treaties  texts of other international standards  general recommendations of UN and other bodies
  6. 6. Reflections  … any statistical system … must be user- oriented. Statistics must not be viewed as ends in themselves, but as a means to other ends such as decision-making, research and general enlightenment.  The very idea of a statistics system or programme is ambitious; it implies an enormous amount of planning and coordination. Manual for the Development of a System of Criminal Justice Statistics, UN Statistics Division, 2003
  7. 7. Qualities of a good indicator  the most important quality an indicator should have is relevance  Relevance is “The degree to which statistical information meets the real needs of clients.” (OECD)  The utility of data that an indicator is designed to produce in helping to understanding the extent a human right is enjoyed or effectively protected  the most important quality that data should have is reliability
  8. 8. Qualities of good data  The most important quality that data should have is reliability  Factors that undermine reliability: - ambiguous definitions - deliberate manipulation - incentives to distort information - reluctance of sources to provide information - unrepesentative samples
  9. 9. Other issues  data must be interpreted in context  use the most relevant unit of count  coherence of data from different sources  data to be “based on transparent and verifiable methodology” OHCHR  disaggregation vital for human rights data  data should be timely timaly  validation - “the most important and in many cases most forgotten stage of the data collection process” European Sourcebook Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics
  10. 10. British Human Rights Measurement Framework  developed in 2010 by 2 UK human rights commissions  based on OHCHR methodology but emphasis on national law  Project Management Group of 7 commission staff  Advisory Group of 25 other experts & stakeholders  covers 5 civil and 3 social rights  10 indicators for each right (half outcome indicators)
  11. 11. Steps in development of Framework 1. review of literature and data 2. development of provisional list of rights 3. ‘testing’ and revision by Advisory Group 4. development of a long list of relevant indicators 5. selection of short list of most relevant indicators 6. further consultations with stakeholders and experts 7. development of “evidence base” for each indicator 8. consultation with all sources of data
  12. 12. Priorities and balances Three priorities: - give priority to national law - reinforce the role of existing administrative mechanisms - complement official data with reliable unofficial data Three balances: - data on violations and data on broader trends - objective and subjective indicators - Indicators on positive and negative obligations
  13. 13. Principles on Cost and Feasibility 1. Emphasis on existing sources (administrative data and surveys) 2. Complemetarity- use Indicators in existing human rights databases when relevant 3. Minimize cost – take cost of new indicators into account There must be a balance between the relevance of data collected and the burden on the respondent Manual for the Development of a System of Criminal Justice Statistics
  14. 14. National Strategy for Human Rights The National Strategy has 6 expected results on torture: 1. an effective system of investigation of torture 2. effective legal protection from ill-treatment 3. providing victims effective remedies and rehabilitation 4 conditions of detention and treatment compliant with international standards 5. ensuring effective operation of the NPM 6. observance of principle that no-one may be expelled to a country where he or she may suffer ill-treatment
  15. 15. Torture in the Action Plan  50 measures to achieve the 6 expected results  two-thirds concern law reform, orders or administrative regulations  most indicators on law reform are process indicators  some are vague or subjective  most indicators on secondary norms are structural  few indicators on secondary norms call for adoption and implementation
  16. 16. Impact indicators on torture  The OHCHR Guide recommends at least one outcome indicator for each “expected output”  The British Framework was based on the principle that half of all indicators should be on impact  the Action Plan contains a few impact indicators on infrastructural measures  the indicator for a few administrative measures is reduction of the incidence of torture,