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OERu unplugged: From vision to reality

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Invited presentation for #ASCILITE 2014

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OERu unplugged: From vision to reality

  1. 1. The OER universitas (#OERu) The OERu unplugged: From vision to reality Wayne Mackintosh Anthony Mackintosh
  2. 2. The OER Foundation The Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that provides leadership, networking and support for educators and educational institutions to achieve their objectives through open education. “OER is a sustainable and renewable resource”
  3. 3. Creative Commons New Zealand Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand (CCANZ) is the guardian of the New Zealand Creative Commons licences that enable the voluntary sharing of copyright material in Aotearoa. CCANZ is a kiwi remix on an international movement toward open access licensing and are here to support the use Creative Commons licences in New Zealand.
  4. 4. 5 The great pavlova debate pavlova n.(Cookery) a meringue cake topped with whipped cream and fruit [named after Anna Pavlova (1885­1931), Russian ballerina] Country of origin: New Zealand http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Christmas_pavlova.jpg Wikipedia logo is a Tradmark of the WIkimedia Foundation E CollabOERate http://www.flickr.com/photos/ofsmallthings/7834790174
  5. 5. Australasian OERu partners
  6. 6. The sustainability challenge ...
  7. 7. Growth isn't a sustainable model Demand Price Success Public funding Jon Radoff http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Koru_Unfurling.JPG Mathew Bedworth https://flic.kr/p/eGLy7V Recycle Reduce Reuse Eric Kounce - Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Texas_Pumpjack.JPG
  8. 8. Filters for sustainable business models Increase revenue? Reduce cost? Improve quality? Diversify curriculum? Social inclusion? 401(K) 2012 https://flic.kr/p/brd1ja Images Money https://flic.kr/p/a2Y6J8 Sustainable resources for operations? Images Money https://flic.kr/p/9kMUQb
  9. 9. Confessions of a bean counter Bean counter Noun informal a person, typically an accountant or bureaucrat, perceived as placing excessive emphasis on controlling expenditure and budgets. Ingredients for OERu sustainability ● Compelling vision aligned with core values of the academy ● Low running cost (resist 3rd party donor funding for operations) ● Incremental design (prototypes small enough to fail) ● Leverage networks to share risk ● Foster coopetition (new business for partners) ● Open source everything Daniel Schwen http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jelly_Beans_macro_1.jpg Steven Depolo https://flic.kr/p/99icyP MarkSweep - Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roasted_coffee_beans.jpg
  10. 10. A self-sustaining OER project?
  11. 11. OERu fiscal sustainability
  12. 12. OER is a renewable & sustainable resource How do we achieve sustainable OER projects? How will your institution remain sustainable without OER? Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/ James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957
  13. 13. The absurdity of copyright ...
  14. 14. Appropriating the public domain Your copyRIGHT Statute of Queen Anne 1709 +3000 years old © University of Auckland, Department of Anthropology, Anthropology Photographic Archive Al
  15. 15. Sharing knowledge freely 2008 Bourewa excavations Directed by Prof Patrick Nunn P. Nunn
  16. 16. Open policy and copyright exceptions for education Majority agreement that learning materials funded from public money should be released freely and majority support for educational copyright exceptions International New Zealand 95% 96% 5% 4% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Agree Disagree Content funded from taxpayer revenue should be released freely for use by everyone International New Zealand 81% 72% 19% 28% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Agree Disagree It is fair and reasonable for educators to have unrestricted permissions to COPY materials for teaching & learning
  17. 17. Perceived barriers to OER adoption International New Zealand 22% 12% 78% 88% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Agree Disagree I'm reluctant to share teaching materials because I don't have time International New Zealand 22% 12% 78% 88% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Agree Disagree I'm reluctant to share teaching materials because there are no incentives for me to do so International New Zealand 13% 0% 87% 100% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Agree Disagree I'm reluctant to use OER because there is no guarantee of the quality
  18. 18. The problem ...
  19. 19. Unsatisfied demand for HE 100 million additional places By 2025 Slide 10 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  20. 20. BIG vision for a small charity But what if ... Institutions assembled only 2 courses from OER Agreed to provide assessment services for formal credit Jimmy Flink http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimmyroq/146827389/ juicyverve http://www.flickr.com/photos/juicyverve/2531105062/ bucklava http://www.flickr.com/photos/9229859@N02/2762432629/ Francisca Uloa http://www.flickr.com/photos/alosojos/346887379/
  21. 21. The concept ...
  22. 22. Smart philanthropy Giving is receiving Parallel learning universe|New business Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.James Cridland http://www.flickr.ccoomm//pphhoottooss//jjaammeessccrriiddllaanndd//22227722770011112222 Asenat29 http://www.flickr.com/photos/72153088@N08/6510934443/
  23. 23. The OERu concept Adapted from Taylor 2007 Free learning opportunities for all students worldwide
  24. 24. OER & the sustainable disaggregation of services Traditional tertiary education package OERu package
  25. 25. Technology challenges …
  26. 26. Requirements for OERu technology LMS agnostic? (reuse) Collaborative authoring? Low cost? Scalable? Simon Law https://flic.kr/p/kFToD
  27. 27. OERu personal learning environment
  28. 28. Blending with parallel mode delivery Institutional LMS Open web
  29. 29. Wiki course outline
  30. 30. OERu website snapshot
  31. 31. OERu responsive design
  32. 32. Generating sustainable OdeL value ...
  33. 33. So what about MOOCs? Credible credentials? “You may not take any Online Course offered by Coursera or use any Statement of Accomplishment as part of any tuition-based or for-credit certification or program for any college, university, or other academic institution without the express written permission from Coursera. Such use of an Online Course or Statement of Accomplishment is a violation of these Terms of Use.” Coursera terms of use. DS106 “Day of the MOOC Poster” by David Kernohan Fiscally sustainable?
  34. 34. Cost levers for OERu Marginal Cost = ZERO Collaborative development = Cheaper the going it alone Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122
  35. 35. Reasons for joining the OERu
  36. 36. Bridging the sustainable value challenge Long­term value the OERu network generates Tangible short­term benefits OERu partners can extract from the network
  37. 37. Blending an OERu mOOC within a postgrad course SP4Ed 13.05 (Prototype): 50 Participants from 14+ countries SP4Ed 13.07: 121 Participants from 32+ countries (incl. 20 University of Canterbury postgrads) Estimated average page views for all tutorial pages per registered participant SP4Ed 13.07: Participation from all interaction sources was 62% - 200% better than SP4Ed 13.05 SP4Ed 13.07: Average No. of blog posts per poster 5.78 (6 comprehensive E-Activities)
  38. 38. OERu SCENARIO 1 Reuse for full-fee students Example Change with digital technology in education GDTE Elective
  39. 39. OERu SCENARIO 2 Parallel mode delivery Example Scenario Planning for Educators mOOC OER Foundation / University of Canterbury
  40. 40. OERu SCENARIO 3 Multi partner parallel mode delivery
  41. 41. CNaelxibt Next rsatetipnsg steps … sustainable innovation … No new money required Recurrent cost recouped OERu is low cost, low risk But high IMPACT innovation Slide 20 Dongio: Watercolour painter dedicated to the public domain Hugiene Matters http://www.flickr.com/photos/hygienematters/4273036775/
  42. 42. Free learning for all students worldwide “This is not theoretical speculation, it is entirely viable.” Jim Taylor AM You are free to join us ... Paul (Dex) http://www.flickr.com/photos/dexxus/3146028811/ Compilation: Chad Miller, James Almond, Wayne Mackintosh See: http://wikieducator.org/File:OER-University-concept.png