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Politics and governance

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Politics and governance

  1. 1. Politics and Governance Peejay Babao ‣ Kimverly Torres
  2. 2. Elections 1. Parties and Party System Civil Society and Social Movement2. The Role of Church and Religion 3. Extras: Peejay’s song and TASK SHEET 4.
  3. 3. What is Election ? Election is the means by which the people choose their officials for definite and fixed periods. Elections 1.
  4. 4. History Significantly, our country’s first president, Emilio Aguinaldo, was not elected by the Filipino people. He was elected by his Katipunan comrades and fellow Freemasons. That first election was exercised not to choose a leader to lead a nation but to lead the rebellion against Spain because during that time, the revolucionarios were divided into two factions: the Mágdalo, led by Aguinaldo and his cousin Baldomero Aguinaldo, and; theMagdiwang, led by Mariano Álvarez.
  5. 5. •Executive and senators elected at large. •Existence of legislative districts and local government units. •Electorate: duly registered citizens 18 years of age and above. The Electoral System
  6. 6. The Electoral System The elections in the Philippines have several types. The president, vice-president, and the senators are elected for a six-year term, while the members of the House of Representatives, governors, vice-governors, provincial board members, mayors, vice-mayors, city/municipal councilors, barangay officials are elected to serve for a three-year term.
  7. 7. Every citizen 18 years old or above on Election Day, is a resident of the Philippines for at least a year and for at least six months on the place he is registering, and is not otherwise disqualified by law, may vote. In order to actually vote, a citizen has to register. The COMELEC has a registration period for several months prior to the election. Those who are not registered will not appear on the voters' list and is ineligible to vote despite being qualified to do so. Qualifications
  8. 8. Parties and Party System Civil Society and Social Movement 2.
  9. 9. Political parties in the Philippines are of diverse ideologies and are plentiful in number. Most of these parties do not have actual grassroots membership among ordinary voters but rather that of political figures and leaders. politicalparties
  10. 10. What is a Political Party? A group of people that is organized for the purpose of winning government power, by electoral or other means.
  11. 11. CHARACTERISTICS OF A POLITICAL PARTY: 1. Has an organized structure with lines of authority and power distribution. 2. Seek to attract popular support in the form of votes. 3. Seeks political power directly thru electoral method 4. Prepared to support a candidate and fight for victory in an election. (to gain power)
  12. 12. PARTY MEMBERSHIP 1. For patronage 2. To get special treatment from the government 3. To enhance their own career 4. Economic benefit 5. Personal gratification 6. To have and to use an influence on the others 7. Ideological fulfillment
  13. 13. mainstream non- mainstream 13
  14. 14. Linked to political and economic elites Linked to civil society and grassroots 14
  15. 15. Politics and Governance Thank you!

Notas do Editor

  • means formal attachment to a political party, usually
    involving the assumption of obligations to the party and
    receiving privileges from the party.

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