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Unit 2 week 4

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Unit 2 week 4

  1. 1. Unit 1 Wrap-up, p. 12 Lesson C Zero Conditional Unit 1 – Zero Conditional Review (Week 4)
  2. 2. Please turn on your cell phones and log into www.socrative.com (Socrative Student) Unit 1 – Zero Conditional Review
  3. 3. Socrative.com
  4. 4. Socrative.com
  5. 5. socrative.com Our room number is ZCREVIEW ZCREVIEW
  6. 6. socrative.com
  7. 7. Unit 2 – Personal Stories (Week 4)
  8. 8. -many kinds of personal stories -many kinds of speaking styles
  9. 9. -Sentence adverbs are adverbs that describe the idea of the entire sentence. -Adverbs usually add –ly to an adjective. (Review lists on p. 152) Page 14
  10. 10. 2 4 1 3 7 6 8 5
  11. 11. Lesson A: Language in Context, p.14 “Lights out!”
  12. 12. Page 15
  13. 13. Positive Negative Question I / you / he / she / it we / they I spoke. I learned. I did not speak. (didn’t) I did not learn. (didn’t) Did I speak? Did I learn? Simple Past Forms/Structures For irregular verbs, use the past form (see list of irregular verbs, p.151). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.
  14. 14. Simple Past Uses 1. Completed action in the past Example: He finished his work an hour ago. 2. Completed actions in the past that took place one after the other Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down. 3. Action in the past that interrupts another action in progress Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.
  15. 15. Positive Negative Question I / he / she / it was + verb -ing I was speaking. I was not speaking. (wasn’t) Was I speaking? you / we / they were + verb -ing You were listening. You were not listening. (weren’t) Were you listening? Past Continuous Forms/Structures
  16. 16. Past Continuous Uses 1. Describes an action in progress in the past Example: He was playing football. 2. Two actions happening at the same time in the past Example: While she was preparing dinner, he was washing the dishes. 3. Action going on at a certain time in the past Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.
  17. 17. Simple Past Past Continuous irregular verbs: see list of irregular verbs on p.151 I spoke regular verbs: verb + ed I worked past form of 'be' + ing form of verb (was/were)+ verb –ing I was speaking you were speaking he / she / it was speaking we were speaking they were speaking Verb Forms/Structures Simple Past vs. Past Continuous
  18. 18. Simple Past Exceptions Past Continuous Exceptions when adding 'ed' :  when the final letter is ‘e’, only add ‘d’. Example: love – loved  after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Example: admit – admitted  final ‘l’ is always doubled in British English (not in American English) Example: travel – travelled  after a consonant, final ‘y’ becomes ‘i’. (but: not after a vowel) Example: worry - he worried but: play - he played Exceptions when adding 'ing' :  silent ‘e’ is dropped (but: does not apply for -ee) Example: come - coming but: agree – agreeing  after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Example: sit – sitting  final ‘l’ is always doubled in British English (not in American English) Example: travel – travelling  final ‘ie’ becomes ‘y’. Example: lie - lying
  19. 19. Certain Verbs The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Past (NOT in the continuous form). state: be, cost, fit, mean, suit Example: We were on holiday. possession: belong, have Example: Sam had a cat. senses: feel, hear, see, smell, taste, touch Example: He felt the cold. feelings: hate, hope, like, love, prefer, regret, want, wish Example: Jane loved pizza. brain work: believe, know, think, understand Example: I did not understand him. introductory clauses for direct speech: answer, ask, reply, say Example: “I am watching TV,“ he replied.
  20. 20. Use the simple past or past progressive tense. 1. I dropped a cup while I ________________ (wash) the dishes. 2. Jon and Bill were washing the car when they _________________ (see) their friend Alex. 3. Tony came to see me while I __________________ (do) my homework. 4. The children __________________ (play) when their father came home. 5. When Inga was driving, she _____________________ (notice) an animal in the road. 6. Annie _________________ (call) when Kerry was studying. 7. They were waiting for the bus when the accident ___________________ (happen). 8. Caroline ____________________ (ski) when she ________________ (break) her leg. was washing saw was doing were playing noticed called happened was skiing broke
  21. 21. Grammar Exercise, p. 15 Past Continuous vs. Simple Past
  22. 22. Page 15
  23. 23. began was using was writing went Did lose needed did break was skiing Did called hurt was waiting brought
  24. 24. What was happening? P. 125 Work alone or with a partner! Read the questions and describe what was happening when it started to rain. Then write full sentences describing what was happening when it started to rain.
  25. 25. Guess what! Guess what! Hey, I need to get going.
  26. 26. 1 2 34 X X won retire

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