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FOLK TALES, FAIRY TALES, AND FABLES Ms. Lichtenstein3rd Grade English/Language Arts
FOLK TALEMade up storyPassed down from oldergenerationsLegends, wise talesStories are superstitious
FAIRY TALEA simple children‟s storyUses your imaginationUsually involves magicPrincesses, fairies, goblins,wizards, etc.
FABLEA short, fictional storyUsually teach a lessonMoralUses animals, creaturesOften see talking animals
THEMESubject for a storyQualities and characteristicsExamples of common themes • Journeys/ adventure • Love/ friendship • Mysteries
MAIN IDEA“Big picture” of a storyMessage in a storyLook for a topic sentence Idea
MORALLesson about right andwrongMorals aren‟t always good • Bad things can teach good lessons
WRITING TOOLSPrediction: what you think willhappenPersonification: giving humancharacteristics to thingsPoint of View: who tells the storySetting: where the story takes place
THE LITTLE RED HEN“Then, probably because she had acquiredthe habit, the Red Hen called: „Who will eatthe Bread?‟ All the animals in the barnyardwere watching hungrily and smacking theirlips in anticipation, and the pig said, „I will,‟and the Cat said, „I will,‟ and the Rat said, „Iwill.‟ But the Little Red Hen said, „No, youwon‟t. I will.‟ And she did.”
THE LITTLE RED HEN CONT.Type of story (folk tale, fairy tale, fable?) • Folk TalePoint of View (who‟s telling the story?) • Red HenSetting: (Where does the story take place?) • Farm
THE PRINCESS AND THE PEA“Well, we‟ll soon find that out,” thought theold queen. But she said nothing, went intothe bed-room, took all the bedding off thebedspread, and laid a pea on the bottom;then she took twenty mattresses and ladthem on the pea, and then twenty eider-down beds on top of mattresses.”
THE PRINCESS AND THE PEA CONT.Type of story (folk tale, fairy tale, fable?) • Fairy TalePoint of view (who tells the story?) • A narrator (unknown character)Setting (where does the story take place?) • Prince‟s Castle
THE TORTOISE AND THE HARE“The tortoise never for a moment stopped, butwent on with a slow but steady pace straightto the end of the course. The hare, trusting tohis native swiftness, cared little about therace, and lying down by the wayside, fellasleep. At last, waking up, and moving as fastas he could, he saw the tortoise had reachedthe goal and was comfortably dozing afterfatigue.”
THE TORTOISE AND THE HARE CONT.Type of Story (folk tale, fairy tale, fable?) • FablePoint of View (who tells the story?) • NarratorSetting (where does the story take place?) • Outside at a race/ competition
REVIEWThere are several different types of stories • Specific things are unique to specific storiesMorals are the lessons/meanings in stories • They can be good or badAuthors use writing tools • Prediction • Personification • Point of View • Setting
WORKS CITED Andersen, Hans Christian. Fairy Tales of HansChristian Andersen. 2008. Print. "BrainPOP Jr. | Main Idea | Lesson Ideas." BrainPOPJr. Web. 27 Feb. 2012.http://www.brainpopjr.com/readingandwriting/comprehension/mainidea/grownups.weml. "Definition of - Merriam-Websters StudentDictionary." Merriam-Websters Word Central. Web. 27Feb. 2012. http://wordcentral.com/cgi-bin/student?book=Student.
WORKS CITED CONT.Various. Childhoods Favorites and FairyStories. Vol. 1. New York: UniversitySociety, 1927. Print. The Young Folks Treasury.Williams, Florance White. The Little Red HenAn Old English Folk Tale. Chicago - Akron, Ohio -New York: Saalfield, 1918. Print.
IMAGES “Light Bulb” Microsoft Clip Art “Pea” Microsoft Clip Art “Rabbit” Microsoft Clip Art “Turtle” Microsoft Clip Art. http://www.alloccasion-clipart.com/free/pea_princess.gif