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Scaffolding Students Writing

Just as builders put scaffolding around a building while it is being built, so scaffolding can be used to support a person's learning of written language. ..

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Scaffolding Students Writing

  1. 1. © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Scaffolding StudentS ‘ Writing Scaffolding StudentS ‘ Writing
  2. 2. Roadmap  Writing in the guidelines  Writing in “Focus”  Defining writing  The importance of writing  Common writing tasks  Scaffolding writing  The writing process © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Scaffolding StudentS ‘ Writing Scaffolding StudentS ‘ Writing
  3. 3. By the end of the year learners will demonstrate the ability to.. * write a single paragraph with a topic sentence that expresses a basic idea, with several sentences that develop or support the main idea; * write a paragraph describing a person, a place, or a thing * write a letter or an email to give information; * write a simple conversation or dialogue. (Guidelines, p.p: 20-1) © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Writing in the guidelinesWriting in the guidelines
  4. 4. Writing is a process where symbols have to be arranged according to certain conventions to form words and words arranged to form sentences, thus, translating thoughts into language.  Writing is the most difficult skill for L2 and requires paying attention to skills such as planning, organizing, spelling, punctuation, word choice, etc. © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Defining WritingDefining Writing
  5. 5. writers are readers as they read their own texts. Readers are writers as they make responses on a written text. Content and subject matter do not exist without language. The form of a text is determined by the interaction of writer, reader, and content. Language inevitably reflects subject matter, the writer, and the writer's view of the reader's background knowledge and expectations. (Raimes, 1983) © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Recognition of the Complexity of ComposingRecognition of the Complexity of Composing
  6. 6. Copying Doing exercises Guided writing Free writing Common Writing TasksCommon Writing Tasks © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014
  7. 7. SCAFFOLDINGSCAFFOLDING In education, scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process. In education, scaffolding refers to a variety of instructional techniques used to move students progressively toward stronger understanding and, ultimately, greater independence in the learning process.
  8. 8. One of the main goals of scaffolding is to reduce the negative emotions and self-perceptions which students may experience when they get frustrated, intimidated, or discouraged when attempting a difficult task without that amount of assistance, direction, or understanding they need to complete it. One of the main goals of scaffolding is to reduce the negative emotions and self-perceptions which students may experience when they get frustrated, intimidated, or discouraged when attempting a difficult task without that amount of assistance, direction, or understanding they need to complete it. Cont...Cont...
  9. 9. By studying examples of texts, discussing appropriate or useful language, doing practice exercises and using structured outlines, all in collaboration with the teacher and peers, students can build bridges between reading and writing which they could not normally build on their own. © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Scaffolding WritingScaffolding Writing
  10. 10. • Discuss with learners the objectives of writing. • Let them know that their writing can speak for them when they are not there. • Show them samples of forms of writing. • Tell them that writing is an complex process. © Ed-Links-Morocco, December 2014 Cont...Cont...
  11. 11. The Writing Process  Prewriting Find idea / Build on idea / Plan and structure  Writing Start writing / forget about word count and grammar   Revising   Add / Rearrange / Remove / Replace  Editing Check for clarity, grammar, spelling and punctuation     Publishing Celebrate your accomplishment ! 

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