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Smart farms : Five Factors which makes a farm Smart.

The first edition of Innovate for sustainability launched. This issue discusses the latest smart technologies which are used in recent years for automation of common tasks of an agricultural system. This issue also highlights the traditional methodologies of making your house cool. It introduces two new indicator which monitors your energy consumption and climate of your area.

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Smart farms : Five Factors which makes a farm Smart.

  2. 2. Content Smart farms : five factors which make a farm smart Innovative ways to use IOT in agriculture Climate Change Indicator : A simple app to identify change in climate of your area Energy Consumption Indicator : A simple app to identify severity of consumption of energy by you How to reduce your room temperature without any ac or other cooling machines ? How do ancient human “cool their house” ? How to sponsor a tree and save some amount of carbon to prevent global warming ?
  3. 3. SMART FARMS : FIVE FACTORS WHICH MAKE A FARM SMART In recent years every other novel innovation is invented to make a system SMART. In agriculture also all the recent innovation is related to IoT which is the technique with which we are converting a conventional farm into a "Smart Farm". In case of smart firms there are five essential factors which is important for making a farm "SMART". Advertisement Place your Ad Here Contact Me Advertisement Place your Ad Here Contact Me
  4. 4. FARM MANAGEMENT Farm management is the collective term for numerous management strategies and methods that are applied to maintain a farm thriving and rewarding. Even among farms, the procedures will vary relying on the form of farming business included and the size of the operation as a whole. For more details click on to https://www.farmmanagement.pro/what-is- farm-management/
  5. 5. TASKS MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING: There are a pair of elements in the handling of irrigation projects. One is the combined management function, which has much in common in any administration of any other kind of organization. It is apprehensive with the direction and coordination of the decision- making processes within the project area, and its purpose is to get all those involved in the process (farmers, staff, external government agencies) to work towards the accomplishment of the project's objectives. The remaining element is the management of specialized activities like water distribution, maintenance, irrigation assistance services etc. which are particular to irrigation projects. These techniques have specific characteristics which require particular kinds of management skills and deign of operation. Advertisement Place your Ad Here Contact Me Advertisement Place your Ad Here Contact Me
  6. 6. Contd. Both supply and demand data can be compiled to estimate the probabilities of reconciliation in the objectives and choices of different interest groups - farmers, irrigation officials, agricultural officials, higher-level government agencies - to reach agreement on the forthcoming seasonal plan. The required adjustment in the interest of equitable water distribution, motivating staff (through rewards and sanctions) to resist pressures from farmers to mis-allocate water; also rewarding farmers for good watercourse operation and maintenance and punishing them for misappropriations. The development of easy information and control systems with clearly-defined criteria of performance and suitable objective indicators can be monitored and accordingly the process can be adjusted through : ◦ i)Planning ◦ ii)Execution ◦ iii)Monitoring
  7. 7. HYDRO-CLIMATIC FACTORS: The availability and convenience in acquiring the required water resources mainly depends on climate and environment of the area. The unevenness in rainfall and temperature has obvious impact on stream flow level and time of hydrologic events. As for example the factors of environment and hydrology can be enlisted as below : ◦ i)Rainfall ◦ ii)Runoff,
  8. 8. Contd. The approximation must include annual or longer-term variations, minimum yield and reliability. The rate and quantity of runoff are generally required for the design of drains, canals and other channels, prediction of water levels in streams and rivers and when storage is involved for irrigation, power generation, river transport etc.
  9. 9. Contd. Quality of runoff is increasingly a matter of concern due to chemical pollution from health and environmental aspects; sedimentation, because of interference with drainage, land use, irrigation and power generation and degraded quality of runoff will degrade the quality of yield. A high pH runoff can make a field alkaline and the low pH will made it acidic. Both of which is unsuitable for a healthy yield of healthy and common crops. That is why this factor need to predict, simulated and optimized to develop a smart farm management plan. Download Free Trial of Data Recovery
  10. 10. EROSION OR SOIL LOSS Estimating soil loss is especially complicated because there are multiple variables on which soil erosion changes. As a result, models, whether empirical or process-based, are necessarily complex if they are to include the effects of all variables. The Universal Soil Loss Equation(USLE) will shortly be replaced by the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), which is comparable with the previous equation of soil loss estimation but with more advanced inputs and designed for operation on personal computers.
  11. 11. Contd. In recent years, there has been a expansion of mathematical simulation models, based on the various physical processes involved in soil detachment, transportation and deposition. Most have unrealistic titles constructed to provide an unpronounceable acronym. The complexity of the erosion process, and the need for huge data banks to compile the many algorithms which are included in the models, mean that most of this type of model requires a powerful mainframe computer. Amount of soil loss is another important factor which need to be recorded, estimated and optimized to create a smart farm management plan as more loss in soil will make the field less cultivable.
  12. 12. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT Sediment movement in streams and rivers takes two forms. Suspended sediment is the finer particles which are held in suspension by the eddy currents in the flowing stream, and which settle out only when the stream velocity decreases, such as when the stream gradient flattens, or the stream discharges into a pond or lake. Larger particles are rolled along the stream-bed and form the bed-load. When a farm takes the water from a stream or river for irrigation the quality of yield among many other factors also depend on the presence of suspended solids in irrigation water. Larger the concentration less preferred is the water for application as the suspended materials can choke the soli pores and reduce the aeration in the soil layers which is required for a healthy cultivation. That is why, one of the major drivers of smart farm is to monitor and predict the sediment transport of the stream or river which is treated as the source of irrigation. Host your home page Wear our Designs
  13. 13. Concluding Remarks To make a farm smart one has to control, predict and monitor the variations in these five factors which are the five pillars of intelligent farms. Wear Us
  14. 14. INNOVATIVE WAYS TO USE IOT IN AGRICULTURE Smart agriculture sensors, Drones, Livestock tracking, Remotely controlled Greenhouses and predictive framework for estimating production rate or farm management software(FMS) are the five major ways by which IoT is applied in agriculture and feedstock management to achieve the objective of maximum yield under minimum cost. This article will highlight five farm management software utilized by many farmers for smart monitoring and decision making regarding the crop to be cultivated, location for cultivation, approximate profitability and many other aspects of "smart farming". Below is the list of well-known FMS which is capable to execute all the events required to make a farm "Smart" like : tasks management and planning, hydro-climatic and environment factors measurements and prediction, information delivery, Crop/Livestock, Inventory and account management, procurement processing, supplier management, location selection ability, monitors yield and profit from the yield, risk management and platform flexibility. In addition to these features the user will also consider the procuring cost, ease of use, customer support and number of features available before he start to use the software.:
  15. 15. AGRIVI Agrivi farm management software helps you strategy, monitor and analyse all lifestyle on your farm easily. Tillage, planting, crop protection etc. and all other activities are maintained with a few clicks. More Info : https://www.agrivi.com/en/success-stories Wear Us
  16. 16. CONSERVIS Conservis is a comprehensive, easy-to-use farm management software suite for managing both row and permanent crops by tracking field activities, controlling inventories, understanding costs and analysing yields. More Info : https://conservis.ag/ Self-paced Certificate Courses
  17. 17. FARMBRITE Farmbrite is an easy to use, all-in-one online natural and conventional Farm & Livestock Management Software. Farm Scheduling, Employee Task Management, Equipment Records, Asset Tracking & Logging, Co-op management, Sell your products online are some of the features of this software. More Info : https://www.farmbrite.com/ Self-paced Certificate Courses
  18. 18. GRANULAR "Historical field performance guidance", "Crop health data from Pioneer’s global field testing" and "Estimates for land value and expected yields" are the three main features of Granular which is more suitable for commercial farmers. More info : https://granular.ag/advantages/ Self-paced Certificate Courses
  19. 19. FARMERP Farm Management Software is implementable for multiple types of users, location and cropping pattern or crops. It has separate modules for "Purchase, Inventory, Production, Post production, Contract farming, Biotech, HR, Accounts, Maps, Quality Control, and Farm analytics". More info : https://www.farmerp.com/ Backup you data
  22. 22. HOW TO REDUCE YOUR ROOM TEMPERATURE WITHOUT ANY AC OR OTHER COOLING MACHINES ? You can reduce the temperature of your room if you have the following : 1.An Aquarium full of fish and live plants 2.Silica Gel 3.Dwarf Bamboo Tree When you put the above three items in your room just under the window, room temperature will be reduced drastically.
  23. 23. HARMFUL EFFECT OF AC Freon is a fluorocarbon gas which is non-flammable but releases CFC(reacts with Carbon die Oxide of air) in air which is extremely degradable for our environment. Increase the electricity bill drastically. Creates Noise Pollution. Constant exposure to this artificial cooling can disturb heat balance of our body and often causes cold and coughs.
  24. 24. What is the plan ? Keeping in view with the harmful effects of an AC the following governing law of nature was utilized to reduce the inner temperature of a room below the outside temperature: Heat will always flow from higher to lower temperate region. In summer, outside temperature is more than room temperature. So, heat enter our room and increase the temperature so that an equilibrium can be achieved. But in turn this incoming heat raise the temperature of the room. During summer air is full of moisture. When the relative humidity is very high we face a sultry condition. So to reduce the incoming heat we will need something more cooler than our room. And to reduce the moisture we need something that can absorb it.
  25. 25. Logic Aquariums are much cooler than our room. The fish in the aquarium cools it further as they are cold blooded. Thus making the adjacent places cooler. You can feel this phenomena by visiting any gift shop. You will feel that places where the fish tanks are kept are more cooler than the places far away from them, in the same gift store. Generally our rooms are not as big as the gift store. So a simple rectangular glass tank with some live plants are enough to reduce the room temperature.
  26. 26. Contd. If your room is big you need a big aquarium and if small ,general aquariums will serve the purpose. Silica Gel will absorb the moisture in your room. Place 250 grams of silica gel just beside the aquarium. More oxygenated air in your room will increase the CI (Comfortability Index) of your room. More Carbon di Oxide will do the opposite. Any plant will consume Carbon di Oxide to make food and release Oxygen as the by-products. So a plant in your room will always increase oxygen and reduce Carbon di Oxide and thus increasing the CI.(But the problem is at night-time plant will absorb Oxygen and release Carbon di Oxide )
  27. 27. Contd. Dwarf Bamboo trees can provide release large amount of oxygen in the room. So keep 2 dwarf bamboo tree just beside the aquarium. So, Moisture : Absorbed by Silica Gel Heat : Reduced by Aquarium CI : Increased by the Dwarf Bamboo Tree.
  28. 28. Contd. Even after you place all these, your room will not be as cool as an A.C room. But you will not face the ill effects of the scorching heat and humid conditions that are common in Summer . As moisture is absorbed and the thermo- stat like cooling is done by aquariums ,you can keep A.C out of your house.
  29. 29. How do ancient human “cool their house” ? Sprout waters on the roof and when the water evaporates it cools the rooms below. It is followed even today in the villages of Rajasthan,Jaipur. Kings of Jaipur uses jewels and mirrors in the walls and ceiling of their palace to regulate temperature. 'Mirrored and bejewelled ceilings and walls retain warmth or render a room cool as the season demands.'(from Travel Photo Essay: Dreaming of Rajasthan, India by Sujatha Bagal) An earlier form of air cooling, the wind-catcher (Bâd gir), was invented in Persia (Iran) thousands of years ago in the form of wind shafts on the roof, which caught the wind and passed it through water and blew the cooled air into the building.
  30. 30. Contd. The ancient Egyptians were known to circulate aqueduct water through the walls of certain houses to cool them. As this sort of water usage was expensive, generally only the wealthy could afford such a luxury. Medieval Persia had buildings that used cisterns and wind towers to cool buildings during the hot season: cisterns (large open pools in a central courtyards, not underground tanks) collected rain water; wind towers had windows that could catch wind and internal vanes to direct the airflow down into the building, usually over the cistern and out through a downwind cooling tower. Cistern water evaporated, cooling the air in the building.
  31. 31. How to sponsor a tree and save some amount of carbon to prevent global warming ? Let's first take a test. Can you answer the following questions : 1.Carbon dioxide gas can increase the atmospheric temperature because : 1.It traps heat energy 2.It traps air 3.It traps the outgoing energy and also reflect some of it back to earth 2.Plant absorbs Carbon dioxide in day and emits the same in night : 1.True 2.False 3.The absorption of Carbon dioxide gas by plant can reduce the amount of the gas from the atmosphere : 1.True 2.False
  32. 32. 4.If Carbon dioxide is completely removed from the atmosphere then earth will freeze : 1.True 2.False 5.Industries are the highest emitter of Carbon dioxide in atmosphere. 1.True 2.False 6.If industry is more and area of plants are less then Carbon dioxide will rise : 1.True 2.False
  33. 33. 7.A big tree is equivalent to its sapling if CO2 absorption capacity is compared : 1.Yes 2.No 8.Carbon credit is giga ton of carbon saved by some entity and which can be sold to some who is emitting that amount of Carbon. 1.Yes 2.No 9.Carbon dioxide is the only green house gas in the world. 1.True 2.False
  34. 34. 10.If a tree is sponsored by someone from sapling to its adulthood how much Carbon is he helping to save ? 1.About 30 Giga ton per day 2.About 18 Giga ton per day 3.5 Giga ton per day If you know the answer or if you can retrieve the correct answer from internet then move to the next page to know how you can help in this aspect and make Earth greener and healthier for the future generations. Read My Book on Climatic Vulnerability
  35. 35. Conclusion W h e n s o m e o n e s p o n s o r s a t r e e h e i s p r e v e n t i n g e a r t h t o b e c o m e w a r m . C o s t o f s p o n s o r i n g a t r e e i s v e r y c h e a p . A n y o n e c a n s p o n s o r a t r e e f o r o n l y $ 1 0 p e r y e a r. I t i s e v e n l e s s t h a n t h e a n n u a l c o s t o f h o s t i n g a w e b s i t e . T h e p r o c e d u r e i s s i m p l e . S e l e c t a t r e e s p e c i e s p r e f e r a b l y Te c t o n a G r a n d i s o r E u c a l y p t u s S p . ( t h e i r c a p a c i t y t o a b s o r b c a r b o n i s h i g h e r t h a n t h e o t h e r s p e c i e s ) . C h o o s e a N G O a n d a s k t h e m t o p l a n t f e w t r e e s i n y o u r n a m e . T h e y w i l l p l a n t t h e t r e e s a n d e n g r a v e y o u r n a m e i n f r o n t o f i t . s o y o u w i l l g e t y o u r p r o m o t i o n a s w e l l a s s a v e o u r n a t u r e f r o m t h e w r a t h o f g l o b a l w a r m i n g . F o r m o r e i n f o y o u m a y c o m m e n t o n m y p o s t a n d I c a n g i v e y o u s o m e c o n t a c t s . Books from Amazon Host to Earn
  36. 36. Thank you and see you in the next edition Contact Us or Inquire about Advertisement/Announcements or Subscribe through Baipatra : http://www.baipatra.ws https://researchmethodology2012.blogspot.com/ You May Also Like : ◦ WE Nexus Letter : https://waterandenergynexus.blogspot.com/ ◦ Hydro-Geek Newsletter : https://hydroideas.blogspot.com/ ◦ Research Meth Newsletter: http://energyinstyle.website Scan the QR Code Scan the QR Code Promo : Buy