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Ppt on poverty, poverty, poverty in india, poverty in world, world poverty, poverty in india and world, poverty and famine, causes of poverty, images on poverty, countries in poverty, poverty and its causes
Ppt on poverty, poverty, poverty in india, poverty in world, world poverty, poverty in india and world
What is PovertyWhat is Poverty
•Poverty is the world at itsPoverty is the world at its
worst when people areworst when people are
deprived of basicdeprived of basic
everyday things that weeveryday things that we
take for granted like food,take for granted like food,
water shelter, money, andwater shelter, money, and
PovertyPoverty is ais a HorrifyingHorrifying
Causes of povertyCauses of poverty
oLack of education
oLack of money
Poverty is also
caused by DRUGS &
ALCOHOL as some
all their money on
addictions like this.
Major causes of extreme povertyMajor causes of extreme poverty
Hunger & Malnutrition
Limited access to quality health care
Insufficient access to sanitary water
Effects of poverty
High Mortality Rates.
Increased health risks and
perpetuation of epidemics such as
HIV/AIDS and Malaria.
Hampers children’s ability to grow &
develop properly and contributes to a
cycle of poverty
Inhibits education and social
Increased armed conflict
FACTSFACTS1.4 BILLION people in developing1.4 BILLION people in developing
countries live on $1.25 or lesscountries live on $1.25 or less
3 out of every 4 people live on3 out of every 4 people live on
less than $1.25 a dayless than $1.25 a day
22,000 children die every day22,000 children die every day
due to povertydue to poverty
8MILLION people die from lack8MILLION people die from lack
of food and nutrition – aboutof food and nutrition – about
24,000 deaths each day24,000 deaths each day
60% of world’s hungry are women60% of world’s hungry are women
Lack of proper maternal care results inLack of proper maternal care results in
300,000 maternal deaths annually300,000 maternal deaths annually
1 out of 6 infants are born with a low birth1 out of 6 infants are born with a low birth
rate in developing countriesrate in developing countries
Malnutrition causes 1/3 of all child deathsMalnutrition causes 1/3 of all child deaths
resulting in 2.6MILLION deaths per yearresulting in 2.6MILLION deaths per year
Every 5 second a child dies of hunger relatedEvery 5 second a child dies of hunger related
FACTSFACTS98% of the world’s undernourished people live in98% of the world’s undernourished people live in
developing countries.developing countries.
2/3 of yhe worlds hungry people live in just 72/3 of yhe worlds hungry people live in just 7
countries: BANGLADESH, CHINA, DEMOCRATICcountries: BANGLADESH, CHINA, DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF CONGO, ETHIOPIA, INDIA,REPUBLIC OF CONGO, ETHIOPIA, INDIA,
INDONESIA and PAKISTAN.INDONESIA and PAKISTAN.
35MILLION people are living with HIV/AIDS out35MILLION people are living with HIV/AIDS out
of which 65% are women.of which 65% are women.
More than 11MILLION children die fromMore than 11MILLION children die from
preventable health issues such as malaria,preventable health issues such as malaria,
Diarrhoea and pneumonia.Diarrhoea and pneumonia.
TWO WAYS OF POVERTYTWO WAYS OF POVERTY
• Under Relative poverty theUnder Relative poverty the
economic conditions ofeconomic conditions of
different regions ordifferent regions or
countries is compared. Thecountries is compared. The
capita income and thecapita income and the
national income are the twonational income are the two
indicators of relativeindicators of relative
poverty. According to thepoverty. According to the
UNO those countries areUNO those countries are
treated poor whose pertreated poor whose per
capita income is less thancapita income is less than
US $725 per annum.US $725 per annum.
• Absolute povertyAbsolute poverty
refers to the measurerefers to the measure
of poverty , keepingof poverty , keeping
in view the per capitain view the per capita
intake of calories andintake of calories and
minimum level ofminimum level of
consumption .consumption .
• Per capita income :Per capita income :
National incomeNational income
MEASUREMENT OF POVERTYMEASUREMENT OF POVERTY
• Under this the minimumUnder this the minimum
food requirements forfood requirements for
survival is estimated.survival is estimated.
• The food value is convertedThe food value is converted
into calories.into calories.
• The caloric value of food isThe caloric value of food is
then converted into thethen converted into the
money value i.e. in rupees.money value i.e. in rupees.
• The total equivalent amountThe total equivalent amount
is considered as theis considered as the
poverty line.poverty line.
INCOME METHODINCOME METHOD
• This method is used by theThis method is used by the
government while distributinggovernment while distributing
food through PDS at the localfood through PDS at the local
• Under this a poverty line is fixedUnder this a poverty line is fixed
by the government.by the government.
• All the families whose totalAll the families whose total
income is less than the povertyincome is less than the poverty
line fixed by the government areline fixed by the government are
considered as BPL.considered as BPL.