The evolution of research on English as a lingua franca (ELF) is characterized by three major paradigm shifts from ‘variety’ to ‘communicative use’ to ‘translanguaging practice’. These shifts are accompanied by pedagogical suggestions for ELT, which all have in common that they are generally met with suspicion and resistance from ELT professionals (e.g. “Do you want me to teach incorrect English?”). In my talk I will address this conflict between ELT and ELF with the aim of reconciliation. From the perspective of a social constructivist understanding of language learning and communication, special attention will be given to a reconceptualization of Communicative Language Teaching focusing on three issues: a creatively open pedagogical orientation towards Standard (Native Speaker) English, speaker satisfaction as an endonormative criterion of communicative success, and implementation of English (or any other target language) as a pedagogical lingua franca. Results from pedagogical research projects in the European secondary school context will be used to discuss the pedagogical potential of telecollaboration for involving learners of English in authentic intercultural communication and thereby helping them to develop an emancipated non-native speaker identity and thus to become speakers of English.