Clinic and camps can privately or publically
managed and funded. Typically it covers the
primary health needs of local communities.
Some clinics grow to be institution as large as
major hospitals. It is popular due to their range
of out patient services and their accessible rural
3. DEFINITION OF CLINIC
It is small private or public health
facilities that is devoted to the care of
people, often in community in contrast to
large hospitals. Clinics mainly focus on
community outpatient care
4. TYPES OF CLINIC
1. General clinic
In this clinic all cases are seen , these clinic are
specialized in general diagnosis and treatment, primary,
acute and on going care is typically offered.
2. Antenatal clinic
Meant for pregnant women
3. Specialist clinic
It is more beneficial for special care than a general out
patient clinic. Eg: Fertility clinic
5. 4. Polyclinic
This is place where a wide range of health
care facilities can be obtained without need
of overnight stay.
5. Well baby clinic
Services like health assessment,
immunization, growth monitoring are the
6. Morbidity clinic
Chronic non communicable diseases are
treated and drugs are advised by the
Doctor. Routine investigation are done here.
Eg: DM, Hyper tension & Epilepsy
6. USEFULNESS OF CLINIC
• Women who can’t find time to seek
treatment from hospitals located in far of
• Sick children who can’t walk and have no
caretakers to carry them.
• Old people with illness
• Physically challenged
• Poor people who are unaffordable to seek
treatment from hospital due to high cost.
7. DETERMINANTS OF CLINIC
Training of health worker
Affordability and number of clinics in
Winning the confidence of the
Cost of the service
9. ORGANIZING CLINICAL
• Reception and registration area: People
wait for their turn after registration.
• Assessment room: Range of assessment
activities are performed here, like checking
height, weight, head & mid arm
circumference, vitals and BP checking.
This will be recorded in health card.
• Consultation room: Consulting, advising
diagnostic tests and prescribing treatment.
10. • Laboratory: It has the provision for basic
blood investigation, sputum, urine, skin test
for leprosy etc.
• Procedure room: Dressing, injection,
examination by Doctor are provided here.
• Dispensing: This is should be located near
to the registration counter. Dispensers are
responsible for explaining drug dosage,
frequency, duration and route. Here patients
will wait so health education can be
11. DEFINITION HEALTH CAMP
Medical services provided by NGO’s and
governmental organization to introduce
availability of reliable and quality
12. TYPES OF CAMP
1. General health camp: can be organized in once in 3 – 6
2. Disease screening camp: Focuses to screen for specific
diseases. Eg: cervical cancer using pap test.
3. Health camp for old age: Focuses of non communicable
4. Reproductive health camp for women: Tubectomy camp
5. Immunization camp: To administer all immunizations
6. Eye surgery camp: For conducting cataract surgeries.
13. PREPARATORY ACTIVITIES OF
1. Fixing the location, date , frequency for conducting the
2. Estimating the number of visitors that should attend the
3. Providing the medical supplies- Equipment, screens,
chairs, medicines etc.
4. Public announcement: announcement can made in places
like bus stops, railway station through PA systems. Issue
of public notices, information through tum tum, puppet
shows, brouchers, banners and use of dhais, anganvadi
15. DETERMINANTS OF SUCESSFUL HEALTH
1. Organize camps on holidays or weekend.
2. Organize general camps always.
3. Take help from local red cross or rotary club or
NGO’s to impart credibility to camp.
4. Make sure to carry adequate medicine.
5. Always market camp as general screening
6. Build up hype for camp at least 7 days before
the event. ( banner, TV, radio, pre camp press,
16. 7. During camp manage the crowd in
8. Ensure running AV clips in OPD area,
while the camp is on.
9. Follow the camp with press conference.
10. Feedback about the camp.
17. COMPARE BETWEEN CLINIC AND
Fixed location Mobile location
Better infrastructure Infrastructure compensated for mobility
More effective Not very much effective
More clinical / individual approach More mass/ public health approach
Less patient over a time Higher patient load over a time
Can’t serve distant area Can serve distant or remote areas
Accessibility depends on location More accessible
One time setup of infrastructure Multiple setting up
Organizing clinics and camps mainly to
help the needy people in the community.
It is not always possible for all sick
individuals to attend hospitals because of
affordability, time and accessibility.
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Medicine, 25rd edition , Banarsidas Bhanot
2. Shyamala, D. ( 2018). Text book of community health
nursing –II , 1st edition, CBS Publishers
3. Neelam Kumari,(2011) A textbook of community health
nursing –II First Edition, S vikas & Company Medical
4. Sunderlal, (2013), Text book of community health
nursing, 6th edi, Jaypeebrothers pub