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Conjunctive Adverbs

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For Level 7 students - MiraCosta College

Publicada em: Educação
  • Thank you for uploading this, Our lecturer used this today to teach us about conjunctive adverbs. Very helpful.
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Conjunctive Adverbs

  1. 1. Conjunctive Adverbs Kristi Reyes MiraCosta College Noncredit ESL Program
  2. 2. Review: Conjunctions • Do you remember? F A N B O Y S
  3. 3. Conjunctions • Can join two or more … • Words: soup or salad • Phrases: go to school, go to work, and go to bed • Sentences: I want to get a better job, so I am learning English.
  4. 4. Conjunctive Adverbs •Similar to conjunctions, but … •Typically join only sentences •Have different punctuation options •More academic, formal
  5. 5. What are the conjunctive adverbs? • There are many; here are a few and what they mean (on handout): • Furthermore • Moreoverand • However • Nevertheless • Nonetheless but/ yet • Therefore • Consequently • Hence • Thus so
  6. 6. Let’s look at some examples 1. You want to introduce your friend to your teacher. You can’t think of your teacher’s name! Joined by a conjunction: …teacher, but you can’t remember your teacher’s name! Joined by a conjunctive adverb: You want to introduce your friend to your teacher; however, you can’t remember your teacher’s name! OR You want to introduce your friend to your teacher. However, you can’t remember your teacher’s name!
  7. 7. Examples 2. I was worried about memory loss. I decided to look into the problem. Joined by a conjunction: … loss, so I decided… Joined by a conjunctive adverb: I was worried about memory loss; therefore, I decided to look into the problem. OR I was worried about memory loss. Therefore, I decided to look into the problem.
  8. 8. Examples 3. Glucose helps maintain memory function. Mental activity helps prevent memory loss. Joined by a conjunction: …memory function, and mental activity… Joined by a conjunctive adverb: Glucose helps maintain memory function; furthermore, mental activity helps prevent memory loss. OR Glucose helps maintain memory function. Furthermore, mental activity helps prevent memory loss.
  9. 9. Sentence formation and punctuation The form for using conjunctive adverbs is often one of the following: • Sentence 1; conjunctive adverb, sentence 2. • Sentence 1. Conjunctive adverb, sentence 2.
  10. 10. Why use conjunctive adverbs? • No more but, but, but, and, and, and… • Speak and write in a more academic, sophisticated manner… Who, me?
  11. 11. Any questions? • Let’s practice …

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