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street furniture and landscape design

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street furniture and landscape design

  1. 1. TOPIC NO: 25 STREET FURNITURE AND LANDSCAPE DESIGN 1
  2. 2. WHAT IS SITE PLANNING ?  Site planning refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process.  It involves the organization of land use zoning, access, circulation and other factors. This is done by arranging the compositional elements of landform, planting, water, buildings and paving in site plans.  Information about slope, soils, hydrology, vegetation, parcel ownership, orientation, etc. are assessed and mapped.  To achieve a successful design, site analysis is a must & should be done carefully. 2
  3. 3. 3  Street furnishings create the settings for resting, sitting and eating, and social meetings with others.  In order to plan the design of street furniture, one must first plan establish and define the type of space under consideration.  The location of the furnishings should be based on their functions, and clear with the patterns and designs of the hard surfaces at the site.  Furniture items designed for outdoor spaces must be constructed of safe materials and designed to prevent injury, without sharp edges or exposed fasteners.  (for example, using surface mounting, i.e. attaching a bench to a concrete slab) STREET FURNITURE  Street furniture is a collective term for objects and pieces of equipment installed along streets and roads for various purposes.
  4. 4. MATERIALS USED IN STREET FURNITURE 4  The most popular materials used are steel and wood  There are various other materials used in the street furniture. 1. STEEL 2. WOOD 3.CONCRETE 4. STONE 5. PLASTIC 6. COLOR
  5. 5. OBJECTS USED IN STREET FURNITURE  It includes benches, traffic barriers, post boxes, phone boxes, streetlamps, traffic lights, traffic signs, bus stops, tram stops, taxi stands, public lavatories, fountains, watering troughs, memorials, public sculptures, and waste receptacles.  BENCH: A bench is a long seat on which multiple people may sit at the same time. Benches are typically made of wood, but may also be made of metal, stone, or synthetic materials.  TRAFFIC BARRIER: A Traffic barriers keep vehicles within their roadway and prevent them from striking with dangerous obstacles such as rocks, sign supports, trees, bridge abutments, buildings, walls, and large storm drains, or from traversing steep (non-recoverable) slopes or entering deep water. 5
  6. 6. Continue….  POST BOX: A post box also known as a collection box, mailbox, letter box or drop box (American English) is a physical box into which members of the public can deposit outgoing mail intended for collection by the agents of a country's postal service. The term post box can also refer to a private letter box for incoming mail. 6  STREET LIGHT:A street light, light pole, lamppost, street lamp, light standard or lamp standard is a raised source of lights on the edge of a road or path.
  7. 7.  WASTE CONTAINER: A waste container is a container for temporarily storing waste, and is usually made out of metal or plastic. Some common terms are dustbin, garbage can, and trash can. 7  FOUNTAIN: A fountain is a piece of architecture which transfers water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
  8. 8. LANDSCAPE DESIGN 8
  9. 9. What Is Landscape Design? pavers, rocks, landscaping flowers Landscape design is the art of arranging the features of an area of land for aesthetic and/or practical reasons. It is often divided into two major components: hardscape (the nonliving elements, such as pavers) and soft cape (the living elements, such as flowers). An independent profession and a design & art tradition practiced by landscape designers, combining nature and culture
  10. 10. ELEMENTS OF LANDSCAPING 10 COLOR: It is the center part of design. Color bring life and help to create the mood. We can bring color into our design by adding plants, pavers, retaining walls and fences. SCALE: It is the relationship between plants and your design with rest of your property. Our design should consider the size of our property and any existing landscaping. FORM : It is the shape of plants in our design
  11. 11. 11 TEXTURE: It is the touch of visual surface of the plants and hardscape in our design . The plants in our design can be fine or course , smooth or rough . Texture can be seen in the plant’s leaves , flower’s and bark. BALANCE: It ensures that colors are in check, the scale of the plants is in proportion , the shape of the plants work and the texture of the plants compliment the design . Are of two types. SYMMETRICAL It is more formal approach . ASYMMETRICAL It is more of a informal approach to our design . UNITY: It is the elements that manages consistency and repetition in our design. It can be achieved by consistently using plants with similar color, scale, form, texture and balance.
  12. 12. 12 LIGHTNING IN LANDSCAPING LANDSCAPE LIGHT: Landscape lighting or garden lighting refers to the use of outdoor illumination of private gardens and public landscapes. For the enhancement and purposes of safety, night time aesthetics, accessibility, security, recreation and sports, and social and event uses.  LIGHTING TECHNIQUES: 1. PATH LIGHTING 2. UNDERWATER LIGHTING 3. DOWN LIGHTING 4. ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING
  13. 13. 13 1. PATH LIGHTING 2. UNDERWATER LIGHTING
  14. 14. 14 3. DOWN LIGHTING 4. ARCHITECTURAL LIGHTING
  15. 15. TYPES OF LANDSCAPING 15 1. Artificial 2. Natural 3. Hard 4. Soft
  16. 16. 16 TYPES OF PLANTS MOSTLY USED IN THE LANDSCAPING 1. BONSAI 2. CLIMBERS 3. HERBS 4. SHRUB OR BUSH 5. GRAFTING 6. LOOPING
  17. 17. 17 BONSAI CLIMBERS HERBS SHRUB OR BUSH GRAFTING LOOPING
  18. 18. 18

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