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Empowering Citizens to Fight Corruption

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A presentation created by Shaazka Beyerle of the International Center on Nonviolent Conflict.

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Empowering Citizens to Fight Corruption

  1. 1. New Tactics Online Dialogue: EMPOWERING CITIZENS TO FIGHT CORRUPTION <ul><li>Shaazka Beyerle, Senior Advisor, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>August 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. CORRUPTION IS -- the misuse of entrusted power for private gain. Transparency International a system that involves a complex set of relationships, some obvious and others hidden, with established vested interests, that can cut across political, economic and social forces. <ul><li>… the external manifestation of the denial of a right, an entitlement, a wage, a medicine… </li></ul><ul><li>Aruna Roy, Co-founder, Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) movement </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>CIVIC POWER (PEOPLE POWER) </li></ul><ul><li>power that comes from significant numbers of people organized together </li></ul><ul><li>CIVIL RESISTANCE </li></ul><ul><li>(NONVIOLENT STRUGGLE) </li></ul><ul><li>the expression of civic power – through the use of nonviolent strategies and tactics </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>NONVIOLENT TACTICS </li></ul><ul><li>the methods of civil resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 tactics have been documented, including varieties of : </li></ul><ul><li>noncooperation </li></ul><ul><li>civil disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>low-risk mass actions </li></ul><ul><li>displays of symbols </li></ul><ul><li>street theatre and stunts </li></ul><ul><li>songs, poetry and humor; </li></ul><ul><li>citizen “report cards” for public services </li></ul><ul><li>civic “report cards” for political candidates </li></ul><ul><li>monitoring of officials, institutions, budgets, spending and public services </li></ul><ul><li>social audits </li></ul><ul><li>social networking technologies (e.g., Facebook organizing, blogging) </li></ul><ul><li>education, training and youth recreation </li></ul><ul><li>social and economic empowerment initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>creation of parallel institution </li></ul><ul><li>anti-corruption pledges </li></ul><ul><li>public awards </li></ul><ul><li>protests, petitions, vigils, marches, sit-ins; strikes and boycotts </li></ul><ul><li>nonviolent blockades </li></ul><ul><li>nonviolent accompaniment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Civic power is wielded through the sustained, strategic application of a variety of nonviolent tactics that: <ul><li>Strengthen citizen participation, and grass-roots organization and capacity; </li></ul><ul><li>Disrupt systems of corruption, including dishonest relationships, illicit practices and the status quo; </li></ul><ul><li>Weaken the sources of support and control for unaccountable and corrupt power holders; entities, and their enablers; </li></ul><ul><li>Win people over to the civic campaign or movement, from the public and from within the corrupt system (e.g. honest officials). </li></ul>
  6. 6. GENERAL GOOD PRACTICES <ul><li>Moving from abstract issues </li></ul><ul><li>to everyday concerns – </li></ul><ul><li>to win public support and </li></ul><ul><li>engage citizens </li></ul><ul><li>2. Skills, strategies & planning - </li></ul><ul><li>can overcome difficult </li></ul><ul><li>conditions and </li></ul><ul><li>situations </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>3. Honest image – the association of </li></ul><ul><li>groups in society perceived as </li></ul><ul><li>incorruptible and honest can </li></ul><ul><li>have a galvanizing effect. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Campaign creativity – necessary to overcome obstacles, adapt to changing circumstances, develop </li></ul><ul><li>effective tactics, and maximize the impact of </li></ul><ul><li>its resources. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>5. Tactical innovation – critical </li></ul><ul><li> to overcome intimidation, </li></ul><ul><li> repression, human rights abuses, </li></ul><ul><li> and maintain campaign resilience www.facebook.com </li></ul><ul><li>6. Education and </li></ul><ul><li> training – often neglected </li></ul><ul><li> but always essential for </li></ul><ul><li> building campaign capacity </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>7. Communications – strategically important to build </li></ul><ul><li>awareness, win support, involve </li></ul><ul><li>citizens in actions. </li></ul>CANVAS (Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies)
  10. 10. <ul><li>8. Information </li></ul><ul><li>-- its collection, access, and use can be a powerful tool when combined with civil resistance </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>9. Unity – </li></ul><ul><li>of grievances, goals and people </li></ul><ul><li>10. Ownership – </li></ul><ul><li>cultivating a sense that everyone is part of the fight against corruption and everyone can play a role </li></ul>
  12. 12. ANTI-CORRUPTION TOOLS <ul><li>Social audit </li></ul><ul><li>Budget analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Right to information (RTI) submissions </li></ul><ul><li>United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) </li></ul><ul><li>internationalbudget.org </li></ul><ul><li>newtactics.org </li></ul><ul><li>informationactivism.org </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Eighty percent of the world’s governments fail to provide adequate information for the public to hold them accountable for managing their money, according to the Open Budget Index 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.openbudgetindex.org/ </li></ul>
  14. 14. Did you know? <ul><li>Governments that make available the least information on how they spend the public's money also tend to have the weakest oversight institutions, creating opportunities for waste, mismanagement, and corruption. </li></ul>