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American melting pot You, Whoever You Are You, whoever you are!...All you continentals of Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, indifferent of place! All you on the numberless islands of the archipelagoes of the sea! All you of centuries hence when you listen to me! All you each and everywhere whom I specify not, but include just the same! Health to you! good will to you all, from me and America sent! Each of us is inevitable, Each of us is limitless—each of us with his or her right upon the earth, Each of us allowd the eternal purports of the earth, Each of us here as divinely as any is here. Walt Whitman
Melting pot vs. Salad BowlMelting Pot→All immigrants mixedtogether form the ”American”Salad Bowl →All immigrants areAmerican, yet keep their cultural heritagefrom their ”home”
Why did they come? What is theattraction of a country they have never• These people were seen? fleeing crop failures,• land and job shortages• rising taxes and famine• escaping religious or political persecution.• Available land• Plenty of work• Move up social ladder
How did they travel?• It took 3 months to travel to America at the beginning of the 1800’s• In steamships (which began to be used in the mid-nineteenth century)it took 14 days to cross the Atlantic• Most passangers bought passage in steerage – the cheapest option
Statue of LibertyGive me your tired, your poor,Your huddled masses yearning tobreathe free.The wretched refuse of your teemingshore.Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,I life my lamp beside the golden door. Emma Lazarus- Intended as a sign of friendshipbetween the United States and Franceand as a monument to political libertyin both nations,- a symbol of refuge and hope forimmigrants
Ellis and Angel Island• Ellis Island—New York • Angel Island—San – This is where European Francisco immigrants first landed – Chinese and Asian in the U.S. and were immigrants first landed processed to decide if here for processing. they were eligible to – This could take weeks or stay. months – Processing could take – Conditions were much hours harsher on Angel Island – 12 million immigrants than on Ellis Island. passed through – 175,000 immigrants
African-Largest racial minority in the United States.Now, more than 35 million Americans claimAfrican ancestry, -come from Sub-Saharan Africa ,West and CentralAfrican, descendants of enslaved Africans-discrimination-Rosa Parks, Malcom X, Muhammad Ali, M. L.King, Jr.
German-They were aboard the first boats that cameashore at Jamestown-comprise about 50 million people, or 17% of theU.S. population-live mostly in California, Texas and Pennsylvania,-established the first kindergartens in the UnitedStates, introduced the Christmas treetradition, and originated popular American foodssuch as hot dogs and hamburgers-John D. Rockefeller, William Boeing, WalterChrysler, Dwight D. Eisenhower-German words in English:angst, kindergarten, sauerkraut, doppelganger, gemütlich, lederhosen, poltergeist, strudel, schnaps, Übermensch, schnitzel, Wanderjahr
Irish-religious conflicts, lack of political autonomyand dire economic conditions- Settled in New York (too poor to travel)- -discriminated against- Took the jobs no one wanted- "Let Negroes be servants, and if not Negroes, let Irishmen fill their place..."- - Paddy Wagon, donnybrook, fighting Irish
Scandinavian• Leif Erickson came to Canada almost 5 centuries before Columbus• Immigration increased in the late 19th century due to mounting economic pressures and overpopulation• Scandinavian immigrants settled primarily in the Midwest. Norwegians favored Minnesota, Wisconsin, and North Dakota.• 4.5 million people of Norwegian ancestry today• regional wars and agricultural disasters created tremendous instability in everyday life, official corruption, the policies of powerful state churches, and an increasing disparity between the rich and the poor• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x- XEHwUBubk&feature=fvwrel
Italians• It was an Italian who began the story of immigration to America• Italians stopped in New York and made their home there.• Little Italy, Mannhattan• Famous people with Italian origin: Jon Bon Jovi, Hulk Hogan, Madonna, Robert DeNiro, Danny DeVito, Al Pacino, Frank Sinatra, Mario Puzo
Russian/ Polish • 3.13 million Russian Americans • 10 million Polish Americans • In 1880, more than six million of the worlds 7.7 million Jews lived in eastern Europe. By 1920, close to 23 percent of the worlds Jews move to the US. • -Babushka, balalaika, gulag, matryoshka, samovar, Ushanka • -schmuck, schmatta, schlub, yarmulka, kielbasa, pierogi
Japanese-Japanese immigration increased between 1900 and1919-First immigrants settled in Hawaii, worked in sugar canefields-On December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor. Americans startedarresting prominent Japanese Americans—businessmen, journalists, teachers, and civic officials—assecurity risks.-By the end of the war in 1945, 125,000 people, half ofthem children, had spent time in what even Rooseveltadmitted were concentration camps (California andmuch of Washington and Oregon)-the postwar years saw dramatic improvements-Today, the Japanese American community is nearly 1million strong
Mexican -Mexican immigration occupies a complex position in the U.S. history. -Spanish-speaking people have lived in North America since the Spaniards colonized Mexico in the16th century - Mexicans first arrived in present-day New Mexico in 1598 and founded the city of Santa Fe in 1610. - 1846 U.S. and Mexico over the U.S. annexation of Texas - Texas, as well as parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Nevada to America - 20th century – increase of immigrants - projections show that, by the next two generations, more than 25 percent of the U.S. population will be of Latin American origin. - Influence on English: adios, amigo, barbecue, canoe, desperado, fiest a, guerilla, macho, patio, potato, tornado -Tex-Mex – chees, beans, meat and spices - chili con carne, chili con queso, nachos, chili gravy, and fajitas
Chinese• Came to America to discover gold• China suffered poverty and famine• Gold fever turned out to be an illusion, they had no money to come back• Central Pacific Railroad• Chinese laundries• Chinatowns - San Francisco Chinatown - the oldest Chinatown in North America and the largest Chinese community outside Asia• http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=cW6f96SgknY&feature=player_ embedded
Puerto Rican/Cuban• Puerto Rico American • Cubans fled political since 1917 persecution; Fidel• Started migrating in the Castro; Cold War 20th century because of • Miami - the capital of poverty and economic Cuban America and the depression Latin American world