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Whales facts

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Whales facts

  1. 1. WHALES FACTS Done by: Saif Alkharousi Group 2
  2. 2. <ul><li>The difference between baleen and toothed whales has to do with their methods of feeding . Toothed whales eat large fish and squid, using their teeth . Baleen whales use baleen like a strainer and feed on smaller animals such as krill and crustaceans </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>This PowerPoint shows different types of whales: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Blue whales The largest animal in the world
  5. 5. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cruises 8-10 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surges up to 20 knots for ten minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bluish gray with grayish patches on back and sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Underside of flippers are white </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 105 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the largest animal that has ever lived </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 200 tons ( larger than 30 elephants ( </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About every 4-7 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spout is high and columnar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They feed on krill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can hold over one ton of food in its stomach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It needs 3,000,000 calories a day </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Blue whales are a totally protected species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tongue may weigh 22 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart may weigh 1,500 lbs . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; Hitch - hikers &quot; found attached to the body of the Blue whale - Barnacles - Fleas and Round worms live in the baleen plates - Remora or Suckerfish - Pacific Lamprey </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sperm Whales Largest brain in the animal kingdom
  9. 9. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8-10 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short bursts up to 20 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark bluish - gray to black </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May have white on belly and lower jaw </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male up to 65 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Female 50-55 feet </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males up to 59 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Females up to 36 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dive lasts up to 90-minutes, dives may be as deep as 3,200 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single blow hole located to the left of the midline, far forward on the head </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly octopus and squid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also eats sharks and other fish </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The most hunted whale in the 1800's </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has the largest brain in the animal kingdom weighing over 20 lb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whale in the book &quot; Moby Dick &quot; </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Right Whale Does not sink when killed
  13. 13. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very slow moving : 2-3 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily harpooned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually black </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May show irregular white patches on the underside </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45-60 feet </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>45-60 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 45 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every 4-7 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can hold its breath for 10-30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 blowholes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The spout is V - shape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Krill </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Called the &quot; Right &quot; whale because it was the right whale to harpoon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not sink when killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longest baleen of any whale </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Humpback Whales The &quot; singing &quot; whale
  17. 17. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow swimmer : 1.3-5 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily caught </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top and sides are black with a white underside </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 54 feet, average length 40 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flippers are 14-13 of the total length of the whale </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average 29 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stays under water for 4-7 minutes between breaths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spout is low broad jet of vapor accompanied by a puff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchovies and krill gathered from May - December </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has reputation as the most athletic and playful whale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeches, leaping clear out of the water spinning, falling back and splashing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It's known as the singing whale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Songs last 3-36 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a fully protected whale </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Orca The &quot; Killer &quot; whale
  21. 21. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can maintain speeds up to 15-20 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black upper - body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White patch behind eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White sides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 30 feet </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can leap completely out of the water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can dive up to 1000 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is able to stay submerged for 20 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No information available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eats warm blooded animals such as sea birds, seals, walruses, and even larger whales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also eats fish and squid </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tall dorsal fin grows to 6 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Killer whale is actually a large dolphin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smarter and easier to train than a dolphin </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Fin Whale Uses its flukes as a weapon
  25. 25. <ul><li>Speed : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the fastest whale . It can swim at 12 knots and sprint up to 20-30 knots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Color : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grayish - black on top, white on its right bottom underside, grayish - black on its left bottom underside . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Length : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 80 feet </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Weight : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 50 tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surfacing : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every 6-10 minutes for 4-7 blows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is the deepest diving baleen whale </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blow : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The spout looks like an inverted cone with the blow accompanied by a whistle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eating Habits : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eats krill, anchovies and other fish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeds while swimming on it's side with it's mouth open </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Interesting Features : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses it's powerful tail flukes against sharks and other whales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It smashed the boats of early whalers into splinters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is valuable to the whaling industry today </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. The End