O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a navegar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nosso Contrato do Usuário e nossa Política de Privacidade.
O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a utilizar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies. Leia nossa Política de Privacidade e nosso Contrato do Usuário para obter mais detalhes.
Pakistan– American relations has been
defined as oneof "Roller Coaster”Pakistan – United States relations refers to bilateralrelationship between the Islamic Republic of Pakistan andthe USA.Pakistan is a Major non-NATO ally of the United States.The relationship since then was based primarily on U.S.economic and military assistance to Pakistan.The killing of OSAMA-BIN-LADEN may not have a directimpact on the ongoing nine-year-old U.S.-NATO militaryoperations , but it could very well change the U.S.-Pakistan relationship for years to come.
There is no question that
U.S.-Pakistan relations have always beentransactional—i.e., the Pakistani military, the carrier of Pakistan’s flagfor most of the years of its existence since 1947, performed tasks forthe United States in return for cash, arms and American diplomaticsupport.
• Post Independence: 1947–1952After Pakistans
independence by the partitioning of the British India, Pakistan followed apro-western policy.• Ayub Khan era: 1952–1969Pakistan enjoyed a strong and healthy relationship with the United States, In 1954 theUnited States signed a Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement with Pakistan• Partition of East Pakistan: 1969–1971America supported Pakistan throughout the war and supplied weapons to West Pakistanalthough Congress had passed a bill suspending exporting weapons to the nation• Bhuttos socialist democratic era:1971-1977Zulfikar Ali Bhutto sought United States to impose economic sanctions in India & he bitterthe relation by many ways with US.• Zia era: 1977–1988After the removal and death of Bhutto, the Pakistans ties with United States were betterand improved.• Democratic governments: 1988–1998The stage was set for a very tumultuous situation; the 1990s was an era of intense upheavalin Pakistan• Post–September 11After the September 11 attacks in 2001 in the United States, Pakistan became a key ally in thewar on terror with the United States• Present relations (Before Osama’s Death)Present U.S.-Pakistan relations are a case study on the difficulties of diplomacy and policymaking in a multi-polar world.
Baghdad PactPakistan was a
member of the Baghdad Pact from its adoption in 1955, until the pactsdissolution in 1979. The promise of economic aid from the U.S. was instrumental in creatingthe agreement. Foreign Assistance ActIn April of 1979 the United States suspended all economic assistance to Pakistanover concerns about Pakistans nuclear program. The U.S. Foreign Assistance Act states thatthe U.S. will not provide assistance to nations whose governments significantly violatehuman rights. Soviet invasion of AfghanistanThe Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 highlighted the common interest ofPakistan and the United States in peace and stability in South Asia. In 1981, Pakistan and theUnited States agreed on a $3.2 billion military and economic assistance program aimed athelping Pakistan deal with the heightened threat to security in the region and its economicdevelopment needs. Nuclear weaponsRecognizing national security concerns and accepting Pakistans assurances that it did notintend to construct a nuclear weapon, Congress waived restrictions (SymingtonAmendment) on military assistance to Pakistan. In March 1986, the two countries agreed ona second multi-year (FY 1988–93) $4-billion economic development and security assistanceprogram. On October 1, 1990, however, the United States suspended all military assistanceand new economic aid to Pakistan under the Pressler Amendment.
Death of bin Laden and
the Battle Against Extremists Most Call bin Laden’s Death a Bad ThingAlthough Osama bin Laden was not well-regarded in recentyears, few Pakistanis approve of the military operation that killedhim, and most say it is a bad thing that the al Qaeda leader is dead. Most Pakistanis (63%) disapprove of the U.S. raid that killed him. Only 10% approve; about a quarter (27%) offer no opinion. Moreover, when asked. Regardless of how they feel about the U.S. military Operation, do they think bin Laden’s death is a good or bad thing, 55% say it is a bad thing. Just 14% describe it as a good thing, while roughly one-in-three (32%) do not express an opinion.
Major no. of people poses
negative views on US-Pak relation after death of bin Laden Roughly half (51%) think relations between the two countries will worsen as a result, while only 4% think relations will improve and 16% say they will remain the same as they have been. Prior to the killing of the al Qaeda leader, Pakistanis were divided on the question of whether relations between their country and the U.S. had After his death, 29% said improved: relations had improved in 35% said yes and 35% said recent years, while 44% said no. they had not.
Many Pakistanis question U.S.
intentions toward their country. Roughly seven-in-ten(69%) think America is more of an enemy than a partner to Pakistan The number of Pakistanis who say U.S. aid is increasing is actually slightly lower than before the U.S. raid in Abbottabad,
Concerns about Islamic extremism
have declined in Pakistan in recent years, but most Pakistanis continue to see it as a problem facing their nation. Moreover, many worry that extremists could take control of their country, and pluralities see al Qaeda and the Taliban as serious threats. The violence associated with Islamic extremism is the primary concern of Pakistan is who worry about extremism, and this has become increasingly so in the wake of Osama bin Laden’s death.
A majority of Pakistanis consider
India a more serious threat to their country than al Qaeda or the Taliban. Likewise, Indian attitudes to ward Pakistan are generally negative – 65% express an unfavorable opinion of Pakistan and a plurality considers Pakistan the greatest threat to their country Pakistan’s relations with its neighbor remain tense, and over the last five years Pakistani attitudes towards India have become more negative. Currently, only 14% of Pakistan is see India in a positive light, while 75% give the country an
The killing of OSAMA-BIN-LADEN
may not have a direct impact on the US-PAK relation , but it could very well change the U.S.-Pakistan relationship for years to come. To be clear, Pakistanis are equally concerned about the internal security situation of their country. They dread retaliatory attacks, which the Taliban vowed to carry out barely hours after the news of bin Ladens death broke. Indeed, if handled properly, bin Ladens death could be the turning point in a faltering bilateral relationship. And if, as has been suggested, bin Ladens death facilitates U.S. plans for withdrawal from Afghanistan, this could also be a time of unprecedented collaboration between Washington and Islamabad. Osama’s death is not the end of Extremism(Terrorism), it may appears more vastly in future. Fight or war is not the right process to end of terrorism, because it is an ideology that spread by some ruthless people to fulfill their cruel intension . If we want to end this ideology we have to bring an another ideology of love & kindness that overcome the brutality